46722Re: 1812 Reminder - Make plans to attend the 200th Anniversary Massacre at Fort Mims
- Apr 22, 2013The Battle of Burnt Corn Creek, 27 July, 1813 is what sparked the attack on Fort Mims, although the fire was smoldering for some time as American settlers were moving through Creek territory along the 'Federal Road'.
The Battle of Burnt Corn, 27 July 1813, a smaller conflict within the War of 1812, is often considered to be the opening battle of the war between the Creek Indians and the United States.
The Creek nation occupied a huge swath of land in the territory of Mississippi, between Georgia and the newly created state of Louisiana in what is now the state of Alabama. With Georgia pressing for expansion westward and the constant push of settlers into the area, tensions were on the rise and conditions were ripe for a major conflict. A visit by Shawnee warrior Tecumseh in the fall of 1811, urging a unified Indian nation and a casting aside of the white man's ways, also led to confrontation that divided the Creek nation into two factions, friendly Creeks and those who opposed the white man's ways, the Red Sticks.
Mixed-blood chief Peter McQueen led some 300 Red Stick Creeks to Pensacola to acquire arms and ammunition from the Spanish. News of the Red Stick expedition soon spread and a force of about 180 men of the Mississippi Territorial militia was organized under the command of Colonel James Caller. Travelling south toward Pensacola, Caller's men came upon a small portion of McQueen's warriors in a camp along Burnt Corn Creek on 27 July. McQueen's men seemed to be few and were, at the time, occupied with cooking and other activities. Without waiting to further analyze the situation, Caller's men launched a spirited attack that sent the Creeks fleeing toward the creek. After a brief struggle, Caller's men were called back from the pursuit. In the process of going through and redistributing the captured goods, the inattentive Americans were attacked by the remainder of the Creek warriors, numbering about one hundred, who had been hidden some distance away. A fierce battle erupted and, engaged by overwhelming numbers, the Americans were forced to retreat, having lost two killed and fifteen wounded. The Creeks lost two killed and five wounded. The outcome was a victory for the Red Stick Creeks which put the whole area in a state of alarm.
Following the attack at Burnt Corn Creek, Creek warriors were ripe for revenge and soon met to plan retaliation. Settlers throughout the area had begun to gather at forts for protection as news of native unrest and the attack at Burnt Corn spread. About 500 men, women and children, including many who had been involved in the Battle of Burnt Corn, gathered at Fort Mims, about fifty miles northeast of Mobile. The fort was a crude stockade that had been erected around the house of Samuel Mims. The interior area also contained several other buildings and an unfinished blockhouse. In command was Major Daniel Beasley of the First Regiment of Mississippi Infantry.
--- In WarOf1812@yahoogroups.com, "Mark Dickerson" <mdickerson1@...> wrote:
What provoked the Red Stick to attack Fort Mims? Wouldn't that be the spark?
The massacre at Fort Mims was the spark that ignited the Red Stick War.
In a surprise attack on the outpost fort, more than 1000 Red Stick
Warriors surprised approximately 550 unsuspecting settlers and militia.
- << Previous post in topic Next post in topic >>