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Fw: PRO/AH> Notifiable animal diseases - OIE

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  • Pamela Alley
    ... From: ProMED-mail To: Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2003 8:00 PM Subject: PRO/AH Notifiable
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 11 10:35 PM
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      ----- Original Message -----
      From: ProMED-mail <promed@...>
      To: <promed-ahead@...>
      Sent: Thursday, April 10, 2003 8:00 PM
      Subject: PRO/AH> Notifiable animal diseases - OIE


      >
      > NOTIFIABLE ANIMAL DISEASES - OIE
      > ********************************
      > A ProMED-mail post
      > <http://www.promedmail.org>
      > ProMED-mail is a program of the
      > International Society for Infectious Diseases
      > <http://www.isid.org>
      >
      >
      > Date: Thu, 3 Apr 2003
      > From: ProMED-mail <promed@...>
      > Source: El Pais (Uruguay) Thu, 3 Apr 2003; [translated by Maria Jacobs,
      > ProMED-ESP] [edited]
      > <http://www.diarioelpais.com/03/04/03/pecono_35852.asp>
      >
      >
      > A change in sanitary regulations benefits Uruguayan beef
      > --------------------------------------------------
      > The changes proposed by the Animal Health Code Commission of the Office
      > International des Epizooties, OIE, (World Organization for Animal Health)
      > to the standard on Foot and Mouth Disease, which will be submitted for
      > adoption next May, could benefit exporting countries such as Uruguay,
      > because they will facilitate the introduction into markets of products
      such
      > as beef, when reaching the status of free country with vaccination.
      >
      > The current listing of animal diseases into Lists A and B within the
      > International Animal Health Code will be eliminated to create a single
      list
      > of notifiable diseases. Dr. Alejandro Thiermann, president of the Animal
      > Health Code Commission, explained that this is consistent with the WTO-SPS
      > Agreement and that it would take into account epidemiological events to
      > determine whether the notification is to be urgent.
      >
      > For example, if Foot-and-Mouth Disease [FMD] is reported in a state where
      > it is endemic, the disease is not regarded as urgently notifiable because
      > the situation is already known. Contrary, if it were to appear in a
      country
      > free of the disease, its notification would be considered urgent. The same
      > urgency will be applicable if the behavior of the disease changed and it
      > began to affect a different host, or exhibits a different epidemiological
      > pattern.
      >
      > The OIE is also trying to discourage a country from accelerating its
      > request for recognition as "free of the disease without vaccination", when
      > regional conditions are not ready for maintaining this status.
      >
      > Based on the proposed changes that would be approved in May, the
      > credibility of a country and of its veterinary services and surveillance
      > and monitoring system, will carry increasing weight.
      >
      > "It is important to focus on the quality and credibility of veterinary
      > services, rather than on any country's status regarding presence of a
      > disease. Today, there are countries that declare themselves free of the
      > disease, not having the ability to detect it. The OIE does not have the
      > judicial power to impose sanitary sanctions" and, therefore, it cannot
      > punish countries that are not transparent in their animal health reports.
      > Thiermann estimates that "with time, both importing and exporting
      countries
      > will begin to value the transparency and honesty in communications."
      >
      > [Byline: Pablo Antunez]
      >
      > --
      > ProMED-mail
      > <promed@...>
      >
      > [The said article has been slightly modified following comments and
      > clarifications obtained from Dr. Thiermann, for which ProMED-mail is
      grateful.
      >
      > The proposed changes in the International Animal Health Code are
      > significant. They are expected to improve the rate and quality of disease
      > reporting by OIE's 162 member countries, and have consequent impact upon
      > their control measures and upon the international trade in animals and
      > their products.
      >
      > Eliminating the lists A and B to produce a single list of notifiable
      animal
      > diseases is in line with the Sanitary-Phytosanitary rules of the WTO, as
      > there will be no different categories of importance of diseases.
      Currently,
      > there are 15 diseases in list A and 93 in list B (for details see
      > <http://www.oie.int/eng/maladies/en_classification.htm>).
      >
      > Another important issue is trying to discourage countries from putting so
      > much emphasis on recognition of "disease-free" status, which has often led
      > them to seek this recognition before it is safe -- or before the
      conditions
      > in neighboring countries can support disease-free status; there are many
      > examples. One of them was Uruguay's decision several years ago to stop
      > vaccination against FMD in order to become an "FMD-free country without
      > vaccination." Dr Thiermann indicated the wish to focus more on a Code
      that
      > is more risk-based.
      >
      > Regarding the proposed changes to the FMD chapter, the Code Commission is
      > trying to make changes in the recommendations for trading meat -- though
      > not for live animals -- from countries FMD-free with vaccination. -
      Mod.AS]
      >
      > [see also:
      > 2002
      > ----
      > Office International des Epizooties: field of activities
      20020302.3664
      > OIE: new reporting policy 20020125.3388
      > OIE: new reporting policy (02) 20020127.3418]
      > ...................jw/arn/pg/mpp
      >
      >
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