159Re: [TopHive] help,comb melting
- Aug 1, 2004On Sunday 01 August 2004 06:40 pm, frogkailo wrote:
> Hello,people I was today , after a rainy week , in my small 4 hivesThis is common, the bees will start the nest on the warm side of the hive, or
> appiary,what I have seen in my strongest hive vas a tragedy,almost all
> combs have fallen down.Some tb have been prepared with a litle piece of
> cardboard that was diped in wax.The problem in my case is that I am really
> new with bees and I wanted to start right away with tbh.RIght from the
> start the bees tended to attach one side of the comb to side wall of the
> hive,they have made all the combs on the right side of the hive,the combs
> have been almost so high from the bottom of the hive to the top bare but
> only half of the tb (the right half) was with drawed comb.
rather that side which faces the sun normally.
> My mistake wasThe best way to prevent this from happening is to use a follower board. A
> that I had allowed the bees to do that.
follower board allows you to restrict the available space of the bee hive.
Restrict the space so the bees are forced to draw completely across the top
bar before you move the follower board back in the hive and add more topbars
to it. The bees do not have to draw comb all the way down to the bottom of
the hive, but you do want them to draw the comb all the way across the top
If the bees manage to build half combs like you have described, then you can
stagger the top bar by changing the direction of every other bar. So that
1,3,5,7,9... remain in the same orientation, and bars 2,4,6,8,10.... are now
facing the opposite direction. This forces the bees to fill in some spaces,
because they do not like the staggered comb. Unfortunately comb that is draw
this way can often become 2 lobe comb. Meaning the 2nd half of the comb may
be drawn independently and start as its own tear drop of comb instead of
being extended from the existing comb. This is OK, because the bees will
attach the comb, but it means that you will always have half of your comb
will be built as if facing the wrong direction and will be funnily attached
together. Again this is ok, just cull the comb early next spring during brood
rearing season. Place an empty bar between two of your best existing combs.
They will fill it within a day or two if they have enough honey. Keep doing
this until you have replaced all of your funny comb. Remember to always place
only one bar between your two best combs, and if you want to place more than
1 bar at a time in each hive, make sure there is at least 2 combs of solid
brood between each empty bar, otherwise you create pockets of brood which may
lack attendence and die.
> I had cut during my last checkingI am not convinced is is entirely heat. I live in Florida USA at latitude 28
> of the hive, the part of the comb that was attached to the right side of
> the hive,and because of that I think my combs have fallen,the other factor
> was probably heat.
Degrees North, and this is a tropical area (sub-tropical by definition). Comb
dimensions are usually the issue. Combs that are too large, or too tall and
narrow are bound to break. Because the comb was only half comb, there was a
narrow strip of comb attachment at the top and so I don't think it could
support the weight of the full comb on its own, which is why the bees
attached it to the side to help with weight distribution.
I have put together a public forum where documentation can be contributed by
the public and refined by the public as it grows. the URL is
Click on the TopBarHive link to find good dimensions. I did not see what the
dimensions of your hive are so I can't really know what y conditions your
bees must build their combs in. Basically A trapziod shape, with a 40 cm top
attachment, and being 25 cm in height is a good rough design. It distributed
the weight of the comb well. I have some honey combs that the bees built the
comb 5-6cm in thickness (this makes it VERY heavy), and I can still handle
the comb when full of honey without problems.
> I have seen that the waxed cardboard have fallen from theI prefer not to use strips of foundation, I cut a triangle shape into the
> top bare.I know that some people on the list are in tropic regions,how do
> you resolve such a issue? What is the problem?
bottom of the top bar so it points down into the hive. The angle of the cut
is 30 Degrees, amking a 60 Degree point in the center of the top bar along
its length. The bees stay on this point very well.
> Heat,not properly made topYou can take the fallen comb and reattach it if you like, though if it were
> bar starter strip,the mistake of not reacting in time - taking the sllopy
> tb starter strips out of the hive?How to prevent such things?Can I use the
> fallen combs ,reattach them?Many thanks for any advice.
honey stores, I would move it into the back and mangle it a little so the
bees refuse to use it any mroe. They will clean it and put it into proper
comb. If the comb is brood comb, keep it together pretty well then again
leave it in the back of the hive. The bees will not attend to it very well,
and you will loose a lot of brood, but much of it will survive. When 90% of
the comb is empty I would remove it from the hive and render it into wax so
you aren't creating a breeding place for wax moths and hive beatles and other
> Sasha from Serbia
Scot Mc Pherson
Sarasota, Florida, USA
MSN: behomet@... AIM: scotlfs ICQ: 342349
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