Re: [TheCostumersManifesto] Re: Seams
- At 12:30 PM 4/13/2009, you wrote:
>As to the etymology I could not find anything. But the basicdefinition of felled is "to cause to fall."
According to the Oxford English dictionary online, 'felled' is defined as:
"2. Of a seam: Sewn down so as to be level with the material.
1885 BRIETZCKE & ROOPER Plain Needlewk. 29 A felled seam, when
finished, must lie perfectly flat on both sides."
So your seam allowances, which were sticking up, have been 'caused to
fall'--as your definition said.
And under the verb "fell:"
6. To stitch down (the wider of the two edges left projecting by a
seam) so that it lies flat over the other edge and leaves a smooth
surface on the under-side of the seam. Also, to fell a seam.
[Etymological identity with the other senses is not certain; but
the general sense 'cause to fall' appears applicable.]
Let. Wks. 1887 III. 7 It is to be sewed together, the edges being
first felled down. 1842
Ingol. Leg., Aunt Fanny, Each..began working..'Felling the Seams',
and 'whipping the Frill'. 1887 Spons' Househ. Managem., Workroom 891
Fell down the turnings, or only overcast them. 1892 Weldon's Ladies'
Jrnl. Oct. 73 This opening is turned in once on the wrong side, over
which is felled a piece of binding.
Needle-making 41 I'm teaching little Mary to gather and to fell.
But another interesting part of the definition was that 'fell' also
meant: "1. The skin or hide of an animal: a. with the hair, wool,
etc. " This definition went back to Beowulf!
Obviously where we get "felt," as well. I tried to find a
connection, but was not successful--unless the fur or hair of the
animal (which is standing up, is 'felled' when it is matted/processed
into 'felt.' Maybe I'm pushing this too far....
>As the flat felled seam knocks down one seam allowance under
>another, and then binds both to the garment with a second row of
>stitches, maybe it is something as simple as that action.
> > Does anyone know what if any difference there is between "felled
> seam" and "flat felled seam"? Also, what is the original meaning of "felled"?