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Moravian's in North Carolina!!!!

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  • darlenbaker@cs.com
    The Moravian Church check this out guys Darlene The Moravian Church traces its origins to followers of John Hus, the Bohemian martyr who was burned at the
    Message 1 of 1 , Mar 29, 2001
      The Moravian Church
      check this out guys


      The Moravian Church traces its origins to followers of John Hus, the Bohemian
      martyr who was burned at the stake in 1415, and dates its formal beginning
      from 1457, when one group of the Hussites took the Latin name of Unitas
      Fratrum, or Unity of the Brethren*. Persecuted for many years in central
      Europe, in the 17th century they were reduced to meeting in secret and
      handing down their faith to their children as part of the family tradition.
      Under the influence of Christian David, and inspired by the pietist movement,
      a group of families moved from Moravia to Saxony in 1722, where they found
      refuge on the estate of a young Lutheran nobleman, Count Nicholas von
      Zinzendorf, and founded a religious village which they named Herrnhut
      ("protected by the Lord"). The church was formally reorganized there in 1727.
      In 1735 an American settlement and mission to the Indians was begun in
      Georgia, but was abandoned after five years because of irreconcilable
      differences with the local government. Settlements in northeastern America
      were begun in 1740, and the congregation town of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, was
      founded in 1742. It remains the church headquarters today. In the 1740s and
      1750s the church brought several shiploads of settlers to Bethlehem and the
      other congregational communities, the so-called "Sea Congregations", who
      assembled in Europe and traveled together to America. Although Zinzendorf
      himself and the early church leaders favored an ecumenical,
      interdenominational ministry, the church in America made many converts among
      the Pennsylvania Germans, who were mostly from the Rhineland. Meanwhile the
      Herrnhut community attracted additional members from various parts of Europe.
      Thus "Moravian" denotes a member of this religious group, and probably does
      not reflect geographic origin in Moravia.The Wachovia Settlement in North

      In the fall of 1752, Bishop August Gottlieb Spangenberg and an accompanying
      party of five men traveled by from Bethlehem PA to the east coast of North
      Carolina and then inland to select and purchase a tract of nearly 100,000
      acres from Lord Granville. The first settlers arrived in November, 1753, a
      group of eleven single men selected to provide the necessary skills for
      establishing a new community. Four others accompanied them on the journey but
      returned to Pennsylvania soon after. The tract was named Wachau or Wachovia,
      for the ancestral home of the Zinzendorf family near the Wach River in
      Europe. Additional settlers arrived beginning in 1754 and 1755, including the
      first women. The first community established was Bethabara, initially a
      stockaded fort protecting the neighboring farms. Never much more than a
      farming community in the early days, it is now within the city limits of
      Winston-Salem, on the northwest side of the city center. Researchers will
      find records for two different graveyards in Bethabara, the Moravian one and
      a second one, often called Dobbs Parish, which was used for "outsiders."In
      1759 the site was selected for a village, Bethania, about three miles
      northwest of Bethabara. The first houses were built in the summer of that
      year, just before an epidemic of typhus broke out that killed ten of the
      settlers. Bethania had its own church, still an active congregation, and
      graveyard or God's Acre, and supported the surrounding farms with basic goods
      and services. Families particularly associated with Bethania in the early
      days include Binkley, Conrad, Grabs, Hauser, Spainhour, Strub, Transou, and
      .There was a strong need, however, for a larger, central town. After
      several years of planning and construction, beginning in 1765, Salem came
      fully into being in 1772. Most of the Bethabara residents moved there. Salem
      was the southern counterpart of the congregation town of Bethlehem, organized
      with boys' and girls' schools and communal residences for single men and
      women. Although individuals could own private property, the church leadership
      provided strict control over who could live there, and on how each person
      served the community. New residents were attracted to Salem from all of the
      surrounding communities, as well as from Pennsylvania and even Europe. Thus
      the family names associated with Salem do not follow geographic divisions to
      the extent that they do in the other communities. Nevertheless, some families
      are notable Salem inhabitants, especially the craftsmen or merchants who
      handed down their trades for several generations. A list of these families
      will be posted soon. Salem was the commercial center for a wide area, selling
      goods to many outsiders and providing lodging to travelers. It merged with
      the non-Moravian town of Winston, the Forsyth county seat, in 1913 to form
      the modern city of Winston-Salem. Many of the original buildings of Salem
      have been restored to their original appearance, and are open to the public,
      together with a museum and shops. A number of German families had settled in
      the 1740s along the South Fork of Muddy Creek, a tributary of the Yadkin
      River near the present-day Davidson/Forsyth county line. Some had come there
      from Monocacy, Maryland, where they had been acquainted with the Moravians,
      and families from this settlement took refuge in Bethabara when threatened by
      Indians in 1756. Moravian ministers often came to the South Fork settlement
      to hold religious services, baptizing babies and conducting funerals as the
      need arose. By the early 1760s the settlers had asked the Moravians for a
      formal affiliation, but it was several years before this finally came to
      completion, following prolonged discussion and negotiations. A meeting house
      was completed in 1769, by which time a Moravian minister was holding regular
      monthly services, and the settlers organized themselves into the Society
      unter der Ens, or South Fork Society, in 1770, giving their meeting house the
      name Friedberg. This group remained somewhat autonomous, and the members did
      not always adhere to the rather strict guidelines imposed in Salem regarding
      marriage, property, and other community matters. The original Friedberg
      families include Boeckel, Ebert, Frey, Greter, Hanes, Knauss, Pfaff (also
      later in Bethania), Rothrock, Spach, Tesch, and Walk.There were also
      English-speaking settlers living in this area who found an affiliation with
      the Moravians. In the 1760s, Moravian ministers held services in English in
      the home of John Douthit, who together with Christopher Elrod and others
      organized Hope Moravian Church in 1780. The Hope community included a number
      of English settlers who arrived from Maryland in the 1770s, among them the
      , Butner, Hamilton, Markland, Peddycoard, and Padgett families.A group
      of Moravian families came to North Carolina from Broad Bay, Maine, in 1770,
      encouraged in this move by the minister George Soelle. They settled southeast
      of Salem in the Friedland community, which like Hope and Friedberg was
      organized as a country congregation. This settlement included the Rominger,
      , and Vogler families from Broad Bay. Most of these families had come to
      Broad Bay originally from the Baden Durlach area of Germany in 1742. John
      also settled there, as did others from Pennsylvania and
      elsewhere.*This is not the same as the Church of the United Brethren or other
      "Brethren's" denominations. There seems to be frequent confusion on this
      subject in posts to the internet. The Moravians have remained a separate
      denomination throughout.Return to the Jarvis Family Home Page © Elizabeth H.
      Harris, 1997
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