Emigration from the Austrian Empire-Franz Sugarek
- Gilbert & Listers,
Gilbert poses some good questions from which we should all learn. Not
being a historian, I hope someone more knowledgeable will fill us in.
But, here I will submit my two cents' worth.
To start the process, a citizen of the Austrian Empire would have to ask
permission from several juridictions, beginning with his local
village/town/city. This was necessary to give any of his creditors the
opportunity to present their claims for any debts by the applicant.
Similar to posting a legal notice in today's newspapers. (Below I
reproduce an application to the Royal Distric Authority by one Franz
�UGAREK as translated in Drahomir Strnadel's book for the Czech Heritage
Society "Emigration to Texas From the Mistek District Between 1856 and
Bohemia in the mid-19th century had no equal when it came to locomotives
and their train system. Sadly, many of those wishing to emigrate from
Bohemia and Moravia did not have the wherewithal to board a train to
Bremen and were reduced to using foot power and a cart, wagon or
wheelbarrow to get them across Europe to their port of embarkation.
This, in itself, was a treacherous voyage as Mother Nature had a few
tricks up her sleeve and, not to mention, the days of highway robbery
were far from over.
As to arrangements: sailing ship lines, followed by steam ship lines,
had agents throughout Europe. Placards were pasted everywhere, ads were
published in newspapers and "Kalendar"s, such as those mentioned by
Susan Rektorik in reference to Dr. Machann's source for his book "Czech
Now, to the application of Franz Sugarek in Mayor Strnadel's book.
"To the Imperial and Royal District Authority:
The signatory humbly pleads to be kindly granted a pass from our
homeland in Europe to North America, for the following reasons:
1. I am from the village of Hajov by birth, as proven by my birth
certificate, but now settled and the owner of house No. 22 in Male
Kuncicky in the bailiwick of the Imperial and Royal District Authority of
Mistek, widowed and the father of two small children, as proven by
enclosures 1, 2 and 3.
2. Since living here in our region and neighborhood is very sad and
poverty has occurred which has lasted for many years, and one can in no
way make his living as there is no income, although one would like to
earn a just existense, I have conceived the intention to leave our region
with my whole family and depart for a foreign land, namely North America,
and perhaps find a better living there, if God permits.
3. For my homestead not to remain empty, and for all of the prescribed
duties toward the village and other obligations to be fulfilled, I pledge
to find another person to take my place and sell him my cottage before my
4. To prove the truth of my statements I am enclosing all of the
necessary things to my humble plea that the Imperial and Royal District
Authority kindly grant and deliver to me the requested pass for North
America without any obstacles.
In Male Kuncicky, 19 February 1856
Franz �UGAREK "
Gilbert, once permission was given the applicant had a certain time in
which to use that permission and leave the country. I think somewhere I
read it was 5 months or so. Finding a buyer quickly was also something
of a bit of highway robbery as the seller was at the mercy of the buyer
who knew there were time constraints. Otherwise the hopeful emigrant
would have to start the process all over again.
As to how long it took to sail, there are several books, including the
Strnadel book, that detail some of these hardships and the traveling
time. Steam ships reduced the time from months to weeks.
Would some of the listers help flesh out the picture of the hardships
our immigrants faced?
Sharing. It's What It's All About!
NameSearch: GARZA, ZATTLER, REYNA, FOSTER, SCHACHTNER, STOPFER,
HOLLMAIER, VOGEL, VOGL, WEINZIERL, FINK
From: Gilbert Bohuslav <bohuslav@...>
Date: Sun, 11 Jun 2000 13:06:50 -0500
One of the things that has always had my interest is "traveling by ship"
to America. My relatives came from Bremen, Germany. Information like:
1) How did they get from Moravia to Bremen?
2) How did they make those arrangements?
3) What procedure did they have to go through to get permission to
come to America?
4) How long did it take and what was the ship/travel like?
5) When they arrived at their port, how did they get from there to
they were going? In fact, how did they know where they were
These are questions that intrigue me and I would love to see someone
discuss these in greater detail.
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