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Bohemian? Who, when what and where.

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  • gpatrick
    history_97/Kamenikova.155 It is known that the Great Moravian Empire was the first real state on Czech territory, though nobody today is sure exactly where it
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 2, 2009
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      history_97/Kamenikova.155

      It is known that the Great Moravian Empire was the first real state on Czech territory, though nobody today is sure exactly where it was. After its fall

      in the tenth century, Prague became the center of a new independent state - just as the prophetess Libuse had said it would o, so many long years before.

       

      During the reign of

      the Przemyslid dynasty

      which Libuse and her husband Przemysl founded,

      history_97/Moc.158

      the Czech state gradually grew in strength and succeeded in preserving its sovereignty despite formal vassal ties to the Holy Roman Empire .

       

      history_97/Vonkova.162

      The kingdom of Bohemia reached the height of its power and prestige during reign of the

      Luxembourg Dynasty,

      which succeeded the Przemysls by marriage in the 14th century. The reign of Charles IV was a Golden Age in Czech history. The end of this period,

      history_97/Macikova.127

      however, brought economic and political strife to the area as protestant

      Hussites -

      inspired by the ideas of the religious reformer Jan Hus - battled it out with crusaders sent by the Catholic Church in the 15th century.

       

      Eventually - and after much bloodletting - an agreement between Hussite Bohemia and the Catholic Church was finally reached. Relative calm predominated

      during the reign of

      George of Podebrady,

      a Czech noble,

      history_97/Skalova.57

      in the 15th century, and during the reign of the Polish Jagellon Dynasty. The Austrian Habsburgs captured the Bohemian throne in the 16th century when the

      Jagellon line died out. Few people at that time would have guessed that the Lands of the Bohemian Crown would be a part of the Austrian Empire for 400

      long and somber years, until until the Treaty of Versailles would make temporary order out of the chaos of World War I around 1918.

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