Bohemian? Who, when what and where.
It is known that the Great Moravian Empire was the first real state on Czech territory, though nobody today is sure exactly where it was. After its fall
in the tenth century, Prague became the center of a new independent state - just as the prophetess Libuse had said it would o, so many long years before.
During the reign of
the Przemyslid dynasty
which Libuse and her husband Przemysl founded,
the Czech state gradually grew in strength and succeeded in preserving its sovereignty despite formal vassal ties to the Holy Roman Empire .
The kingdom of Bohemia reached the height of its power and prestige during reign of the
which succeeded the Przemysls by marriage in the 14th century. The reign of Charles IV was a Golden Age in Czech history. The end of this period,
however, brought economic and political strife to the area as protestant
inspired by the ideas of the religious reformer Jan Hus - battled it out with crusaders sent by the Catholic Church in the 15th century.
Eventually - and after much bloodletting - an agreement between Hussite Bohemia and the Catholic Church was finally reached. Relative calm predominated
during the reign of
George of Podebrady,
a Czech noble,
in the 15th century, and during the reign of the Polish Jagellon Dynasty. The Austrian Habsburgs captured the Bohemian throne in the 16th century when the
Jagellon line died out. Few people at that time would have guessed that the Lands of the Bohemian Crown would be a part of the Austrian Empire for 400
long and somber years, until until the Treaty of Versailles would make temporary order out of the chaos of World War I around 1918.