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Sts. Cyril and Methodius

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  • janecekfj
    `Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Equal to the Apostles (May 11) They were brothers from Salonica [Thesolonica, Thesoloniki], of eminent and wealthy parents, Leo [a
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 2, 2004
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      `Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Equal to the Apostles
      (May 11)



      They were brothers from Salonica [Thesolonica, Thesoloniki], of
      eminent and wealthy parents, Leo [a Greek] and Maria [a Slav]. The
      elder brother, [St.] Methodius [Michael], spent ten years as an
      officer among the Slavs in Macedonia, and thus learned the Slavic
      language. After that, [St.] Methodius went off to Olympus and gave
      himself to monastic asceticism, and [St.] Cyril (Constantine) later
      joined him there. When the Khazarite king, Kagan, sought preachers
      of the Christian faith from the Emperor Michael, the Emperor
      commanded that these two brothers be found and sent to the
      Khazars. They converted Kagan to the Christian faith and baptized
      him, together with a great number of his nobles and an even greater
      number of the people. After some time, they returned to
      Constantinople, where they compiled a Slavic alphabet [Glagolitic]
      of 38 letters and began to translate the service books from Greek
      into Slavonic. [A later alphabet was developed for Slavonic and
      Slavic languages (Serbian, Bulgarian, and Russian), called Cyrillic
      which was named after St. Cyril.] At the invitation of Prince
      [St.] Rastislav, [SS. Cyril & Methodius were sent by Emperor Michael
      of Constantinople and St. Photios, the Great, Patriarch of
      Constantinople, who was their uncle and teacher.] they went to
      [Great] Moravia [today, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, parts of
      Southern Poland and Northern Austria and Hungary] where, with great
      devotion, they spread and confirmed the Faith, made more copies of
      the books, brought them priests and taught the young. They went to
      Rome at the invitation of the Pope [(H)Adrian], and [St.] Cyril fell
      ill and died there, on February 14th, 869. [He was buried in the
      Church of St. Clement in Rome.] Then [St.] Methodius returned to
      Moravia and laboured at the confirming of the Faith among the Slavs
      until his death. After his death he entered into rest in the Lord
      on April 6th, 885 - his disciples, the Five Followers, [St. Gorazd,
      St. Nahum, St. Sabba, and St. Angelar] with St Clement as bishop at
      the beginning, crossed the Danube and moved towards the south, to
      Macedonia, where, from Ochrid, they continued the work among the
      Slavs [Bulgarians, Serbs, Ukrainians, and Russians] that [St.]
      Cyril and [St.] Methodius had begun in the north.

      * From "The Prologue from Ochrid", by Bishop [St.] Nikolai
      Velimirovic - Lazarica Press - Birmingham 1985
      Four Book Edition - Translated by Mother Maria - Dates based on old
      church
      calendar.
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