A friend of mine, Robin Schwartz, has been posting some Antietam related
items from a Louisville newspaper nm another list. I thought they might be of
LOUISVILLE DAILY JOURNAL, September 17, 1862.
FOUR DAYS EXPERIENCE WITH THE REBELS IN FREDERICK. - The Baltimore
American reports a conversation with a gentleman who was in Frederick when
Bradley Johnson and his rebel followers came into the city, and remained
there four days, not leaving till Tuesday evening. We append so much of
this conversation as is of importance:
Question. Was there any Federal money used by them in their purchases?
Answer. None at all that I heard of. The only money beside
Confederate scrip was some South Carolina money. They have perfectly
cleared everything out of the city in the way of clothing and provisions, so
much so, that if they remain a week longer both soldiers and people will be
in a starving condition. They go around the town, also, begging something
to eat, but always offer Confederate scrip in payment.
Q. How did the storekeepers fare?
A. They have sold everything, and been compelled to give good money in
change. They were ordered to open their stores by Bradley Johnson and did
not dare to refuse the money offered. Mr. A. J. Delashman, one of the
leading secessionists, had a large stock of boots and shoes, and while
dealing them out for rebel scrip, fairly grit his teeth in silence when some
of his Union friends congratulated him on the fine business he was doing.
Mr. D. was one of the Committee of citizens who went out to welcome the
rebels to the city.
Q. Has any of the houses of the Union citizens who absented themselves
A. The only house occupied by the rebels is that of General Cooper,
and it is not abused. A party of soldiers, incited by some of the secession
town-people, broke into the Frederick Examiner office, and commenced to
destroy the office furniture, when a secession lawyer name Ross interfered,
and the Provost Guard coming up soon dispersed the party. Bradley Johnson
told them that any attempt to renew the outrage on private property would be
punished with death.
Q. Did they obtain many recruits in Frederick?
A. Not many in Frederick, but there was about 500 came in from
Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Montgomery and Carroll counties, and some from
Baltimore City. After seeing the character of the army and the life which
the men led, many of them refused to join and were getting home again. When
leaving myself I met six young men from Carroll county, and piloted them to
Westminster. They acknowledged that they had been to Frederick to join the
[Confederate] army, but after "seeing and smelling" it, had concluded to
return home. They begged me not to give their names.
Q. What did they mean by smelling it?
A. They meant exactly what they said.