In reading the Carman MS description of the Battle of Sharpsburg
lists three mentions of a second line of battle behind the main
Confederate battle line at the Sunken Road.
I had _always_ been under the impression there was only the
battle line actually in the road comprised of the survivors of
Garland/Colquitt plus Cobb on the far left, then Rodes and then
Anderson, in that order, before reinforcements from R H Anderson
Apparently, the Carman MS seems to state there was a secondary
battle line on the higher (in some places) southern bank of the
Sunken Road and this _before_ R H Anderson's division, notably
Pryor's, Featherston's, Wright's and Posey's brigades show up on
the right flank of the North Carolinians.
Here is where I found the mentions, from the Carman Battle MS:
(Weber's brigade attack)
"On the right the 1st Delaware advanced so far that its left was
but 50 yards from the Sunken Road, and the fire from the road and
from a line on higher ground beyond it, ..."
From Kimball's report/description:
"Directly in my front, in a narrow road running parallel with my
line, and, being washed by water, forming a natural rifle-pit
between my line and a large cornfield, I found the enemy in great
force, as also in the cornfield in rear of the ditch."
"firing at the heads and shoulders of such of the enemy as
exposed themselves in the Sunken Road, and at others who were
firing from the
cornfield beyond, and in this manner..."
Note: This seems, from the Carman MS, to indicate a secondary CS
battle line well before R H Anderson's division attempts to
reinforce the centre and right of the CS line in the Sunken Road.
Any help which could be given, especially from Tom Shay or Tom C,
would be most gratefully appreciated!
Yr. Obt. Svt.
G E "Gerry" Mayers
To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or even
on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any state in the
Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction from
the Almighty God. --Anonymous
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