Whose of McLaws' brigadiers was D H Hill giving orders to? That
is news to me! Longstreet kept Anderson's division (R H
Anderson), according to Harsh, once McLaws and Anderson rejoined
the army after Harpers' Ferry/on the morning of September 17 as
his own divisional reserve. McLaws became in effect an army
reserve and taking orders directly from Lee.
I think you are not recognizing the extremely fluid and ignoring
of the normal organizational structure the CS fight at Antietam
truly was. Units of the ANVa were typically fought at least two
times during the day and some even more.
There is a story of a "stragglers brigade" organized/gathered by
Lee's orders (I do not recall off the top of my head who
commanded, but it might have been John Bell Hood) at one point
during the battle when it looked as if the Federals would try
another assault on the Dunkard Church area. This could have been
in the early afternoon. The important point about this is that
the members of this "straggler's brigade" were men who had been
knocked out of their respective units due to the ferocity of the
fighting on that day...meaning they were for the most part under
command of a leader they normally did not fight under.
I would suggest you seriously consider reading Joseph Harsh's
"Taken at the Flood: Robert E. Lee and Confederate Strategy
during the Maryland Campaign of 1862". It is a very good
treatment of what Lee did through out the campaign, including the
battle, based on what he knew at the time, etc.
I think you are wasting your time trying to "construct" an OOB
for September 17th. Ezra Carman, IIRC, pretty much did the same
thing as you are attempting to do in his manuscript on the
Maryland Campaign which recently was published by Joseph Pierro.
During the Federal "pursuit" of the ANVa from Washington City,
McClellan put Burnside in charge of the First and Ninth Corps of
the army. At South Mountain (Fox's and Turner's Gaps), Burnside
is still very much a wing commander. At Sharpsburg, Mac takes
Hooker with the First Corps pretty much out of Burnside's
control...without telling Burnside the wing structure is being
abandoned for the purpose of the battle (I do not think he told
any of his wing or corps commanders the wing structure was
discontinued as far as I can tell). This upsets Burnside very
much and he continues, with the absence of orders to the contrary
from Federal Army HQ, to think of himself as a wing commander.
Therefore, when orders from Army HQ come to him for the Ninth
Corps, he hands the orders to Jacob Cox who succeeded Jesse Reno
as corps commander after the latter's mortal wounding on
September 14t at Fox's Gap. This two layer system of handling of
orders is part of the reason why the Federal attacks on the Lower
Bridge are so bungled, etc. The Confederate defense is another.
Yr. Obt. Svt.
G E "Gerry" Mayers
To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or even
on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any state in the
Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction from
the Almighty God. --Anonymous
----- Original Message -----
From: "Bryn Monnery" <littlegreenmen.geo@...>
Sent: Thursday, February 05, 2009 5:49 AM
Subject: [TalkAntietam] Re: The Orbats at Antietam
I recently tried to edit Wikipedia to reflect the new research.
Suffice to say it lasted about an hour. My current focus is to
determine just how real the Centre Wing was; DH Hill giving
directly to McLaws' brigadiers is indicative that he was wing
commander on the day.
I think once I've got sufficient references I'm going to try and
a "corrected" orbat online. I've rough estimates of regimental
strengths, but I haven't found anything really definitive there.
Any thoughts on Burnside still being a Wing Commander and why the
of him stubbornly refusing to yield the position came about? This
the next thing I intend to research...
--- In TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com, "G E Mayers" <gerry1952@...>
> Good thoughts and good points. One of the most common errors in
> much of the writings of this campaign is to attribute the OOB
> the ANVa of early October 1862 following the reorganization
> to the situation of affairs at Sharpsburg.
> I have all three of Joe Harsh's books and I think he makes
> good arguments about how fluid the organizational structure
> actually was on 17 September.
> Yr. Obt. Svt.
> G E "Gerry" Mayers
> To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or even
> on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any state in the
> Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction
> the Almighty God. --Anonymous
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Bryn Monnery" <littlegreenmen.geo@...>
> To: <TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, February 04, 2009 9:32 AM
> Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
> You're correct of course.
> DH Hill's "Centre Wing" was a bit of a cypher, the divisions
> operating separately by the provisions of SO191. McLaws'
> had been formed into a 4th wing by the addition of Longstreet's
> Division (RH Anderson) and another small division from
> Longstreet's wing (which was originally part of Longstreet's
> Division and simply returned to it), and Walker was operating
> Thus all that was on the field at Antietam before Jackson comes
> in is Longstreet's command with 2 divisions (DR Jones and Hood)
> and Walton's artillery and DH Hill's command with his own
> division and 3 Bns of arty reserve.
> Longstreet posts Hood on the left, with SD Lee's arty, Jones on
> the right, with Walton, and DH Hill in the centre with the
> remaining two Bns.
> When Jackson comes in, he is assigned to take the left wing
> traditional position as 2nd Maj Gen). Hood doesn't reunite with
> Longstreet, but instead retires slightly (replaced by Ewell's
> division) and allows his men to cook for the first time that
> I have no idea whether Hood was supposed to return to
> or not, but he certainly fights under Jackson's aegis the next
> McLaws' 4th Wing arrives very early on the 17th, and is held by
> Lee behind Sharpsburg as a reserve. They are forwarded to
> (McLaws') and DH Hill (Longstreet's) later. I have just
> the reports of McLaws' brigadiers and it does seem
> (http://www.civilwarhome.com/macraeantietam.htm ) that McLaws'
> was indeed still under DH Hill....
> Walker's encounters Longstreet initially and Longstreet grabs
> to replace Hood's, but Lee orders Walker north later, but
> Walker's report shows he was still receiving orders from
> Longstreet later in the battle (specifically to shift to
> reinforce DH Hill).
> Thus it now seems that only three divisions had the "wrong
> in command, Walker (Longstreet, not Hill), Hood (Jackson, not
> Longstreet) and AP Hill (Longstreet, not Jackson).
> My thoughts have been that the idea of a fluid command
> is in part due to DH Hill being a "Corps Commander" has only
> reintroduced ca 10 years ago (Harsh's trilogy), and people have
> been trying to interpret actions assuming the 7th October
> --- On Wed, 4/2/09, G E Mayers <gerry1952@...> wrote:
> > From: G E Mayers <gerry1952@...>
> > Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
> > To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
> > Date: Wednesday, 4 February, 2009, 12:30 PM
> > Dear Bryn;
> > Interesting but not really reflecting the extremely fluid
> > nature
> > of the Confederate forces that fought at Sharpsburg.
> > IIRC by the time McLaws' division arrives on field and
> > is thrown
> > into the fight, Jackson is pretty much out of action. While
> > the
> > West Woods area is technically "his"
> > responsibility, again IIRC,
> > it is R E Lee who orders McLaws to move to the West Words
> > area
> > where Sedgwick is making his attach, not Jackson.
> > Yr. Obt. Svt.
> > G E "Gerry" Mayers
> > To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or
> > even
> > on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any
> > state in the
> > Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction
> > from
> > the Almighty God. --Anonymous
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: "Bryn Monnery"
> > <littlegreenmen.geo@...>
> > To: <TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com>
> > Sent: Wednesday, February 04, 2009 5:42 AM
> > Subject: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
> > Hi,
> > While doing some research on Antietam I've found that
> > the
> > commonly
> > accepted orbats seem wrong, based on the orbats implemented
> > a
> > week
> > later (Confederate, see Harsh) or a week earlier (Union,
> > comfirmed
> > from McClellans Report to the Secretary of War).
> > Thus the organisations of the two armies at Antietam seem
> > to be:
> > Confederate
> > Right Wing (Longstreet)
> > DR Jones' Division
> > Walker's Division (at the beginning, later attached to
> > Jackson)
> > Walton's Arty Bn
> > Robertson's Cavalry Brigade
> > Centre Wing (DH Hill)
> > DH Hill's Division
> > Longstreet's Division (RH Anderson)
> > Cutt's Arty Bn
> > HP Jones' Arty Bn
> > Left Wing (Jackson)
> > Jackson's Division
> > Ewell's Division
> > Hood's Division (attached from Longstreet)
> > McLaws' Division (attached from DH Hill)
> > SD Lee's Arty Bn
> > Stuart with Fitz Lee's Brigade (the corps brigade) and
> > Hampton's
> > (DH
> > Hill's Corps brigade, attached)
> > AP Hill is still en route
> > Union
> > Right Wing (Burnside): 9th Corps and 5th Corps (only
> > Sykes'
> > Division
> > initially, Morell's arrives later), Artillery Reserve
> > is
> > attached.
> > Centre Wing (Franklin): 6th Corps (arrives very late in the
> > day)
> > and
> > 4th Corps (only one division, absent masking Harper's
> > Ferry)
> > Left Wing (Sumner): 1st, 2nd and 12th Corps, and Cavalry
> > Division
> > NB: The Wing structure *is* still in use at Antietam.
> > Any thoughts?
> > Bryn
> > ------------------------------------
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