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Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam

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  • G E Mayers
    Dear Rob, Since the Regulars would have been that part of the United States Army governed more by the Rules and Regulations of the Armies of the United States
    Message 1 of 7 , Nov 3, 2008
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      Dear Rob,

      Since the Regulars would have been that part of the United States
      Army governed more by the Rules and Regulations of the Armies of
      the United States in force at the time, the following is per the
      "Regulations" *1863 revision but still would have been pretty
      much the same uniforming).

      It is a "very" long excerpt so please bear with me here::

      ARTICLE LI.
      Uniform, Dress and Horse Eqiupments.

      COAT
      For Commissioned Officers.
      1470. All officers shall wear a frock-coat of dark blue
      cloth, the skirt to extend from two-thirds to three-fourths of
      the distance from the top of the hip to the bend of the knee;
      single-breasted for Captains and Lieutenants; double-breasted for
      all other grades.
      1471. For a Major-General-two rows of buttons on the breast,
      nine in each row, placed by threes; the distance between each
      row, five and one-half inches at top, and three and one-half
      inches at bottom; standup collar, to rise no higher than to
      permit the chin to turn freely over it, to hook in front at the
      bottom, and slope thence up and backward at an angle of thirty
      degrees on each side; cuffs two and one-half inches deep to go
      around the sleeves parallel with the lower edge, and to button
      with three small buttons at the under seam; pockets in the folds
      of the skirts, with one button at the hip, and one at the end of
      each pocket, making four buttons on the back and skirt of the
      coat, the hip button to range with the lowest buttons on the
      breast; collar and cuffs to be of dark blue velvet; lining of the
      coat black.
      1472. For a Brigadier-General-the same as for a
      Major-General, except that there will be only eight buttons in
      each row on the breast, placed in pairs.
      1473. For a Colonel-the same as for a Major-General, except
      that there will be only seven buttons in each row on the breast,
      placed at[463] equal distances; collar and cuffs of the same
      color and material as the coat.
      1474. For a Lieutenant-Colonel-the same as for a Colonel.
      1475. For a Major-the same as for a Colonel.
      1476. For a Captain-the same as for a Colonel, except that
      there will be only one row of nine buttons on the breast, placed
      at equal distances.
      1477. For a First Lieutenant-the same as for a Captain.
      1478. For a Second Lieutenant-the same as for a Captain.
      1479. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant-the same as for a
      Captain.
      1480. For a Medical Cadet-the same as for a Brevet Second
      Lieutenant.
      1481. A round jacket, according to pattern, of dark blue
      cloth, trimmed with scarlet, with the Russian shoulder-knot, the
      prescribed insignia of rank to be worked in silver in the centre
      of the knot, may be worn on undress duty by officers of Light
      Artillery.

      For Enlisted Men.
      1482. The uniform coat for all enlisted foot men, shall be a
      single breasted frock of dark blue cloth, made without plaits,
      with a skirt extending one-half the distance from the top of the
      hip to the bend of the knee; one row of nine buttons on the
      breast, placed at equal distances; stand-up collar to rise no
      higher than to permit the chin to turn freely over it, to hook in
      front at the bottom and then to slope up and backward at an angle
      of thirty degrees on each side; cuffs pointed according to
      pattern, and to button with two small buttons at the under seam;
      collar and cuffs edged with a cord or welt of cloth as follows,
      to wit: Scarlet for Artillery; sky-blue for Infantry; yellow for
      Engineers; crimson for Ordnance and Hospital stewards. On each
      shoulder a metallic scale according to pattern; narrow lining for
      skirt of the coat of the same color and material as the coat;
      pockets in the folds of the skirts with one button at each hip to
      range with the lowest buttons on the breast; no buttons at the
      ends of the pockets.
      1483. All Enlisted Men of the Cavalry and Light Artillery
      shall wear a uniform jacket of dark blue cloth, with one row of
      twelve small buttons on the breast placed at equal distances;
      stand-up collar to rise no higher than to permit the chin to turn
      freely over it, to hook in front at the bottom, and to slope the
      same as the coat-collar; on the collar, on each side, two blind
      button-holes of lace, three-eighths of an inch wide, one small
      button on the button-hole, lower button-hole extending back four
      inches, upper button-hole three and a half inches; top button and
      front ends of collar bound with lace three-eighths of an inch
      wide, and a strip of the same extending down the front and around
      the whole lower edge[464] of the jacket; the back seam laced with
      the same, and on the cuff a point of the same shape as that on
      the coat, but formed of the lace; jacket to extend to the waist,
      and to be lined with white flannel; two small buttons at the
      under seam of the cuff, as on the coat cuff; one hook and eye at
      the bottom of the collar; color of lace (worsted), yellow for
      Cavalry, and scarlet for the Light Artillery.
      1484. For all Musicians-the same as for other enlisted men of
      their respective corps, with the addition of a facing of lace
      three-eighths of an inch wide on the front of the coat or jacket,
      made in the following manner: bars of three-eighths of an inch
      worsted lace placed on a line with each button six and one-half
      inches wide at the bottom, and thence gradually expanding upward
      to the last button, counting from the waist up, and contracting
      from thence to the bottom of the collar, where it will be six and
      one-half inches wide, with a strip of the same lace following the
      bars at their outer extremity-the whole presenting something of
      what is called the herring-bone form; the color of the lace
      facing to correspond with the color of the trimming of the corps.
      1485. For Fatigue Purposes-a sack coat of dark blue flannel
      extending half-way down the thigh, and made loose, without sleeve
      or body lining, falling collar, inside pocket on the left side,
      four coat buttons down the front.
      1486. For Recruits-the sack coat will be made with sleeve and
      body lining, the latter of flannel.
      1487. On all occasions of duty, except fatigue, and when out
      of quarters, the coat or jacket shall be buttoned and hooked at
      the collar.

      Buttons.
      1488. For General Officers and Officers of the General
      Staff-gilt, convex, with spread eagle and stars, and plain
      border; large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior
      diameter; small size, one-half inch.
      1489. For Officers of the Corps of Engineers-gilt,
      nine-tenths of an inch in exterior diameter, slightly convex; a
      raised bright rim, one-thirtieth of an inch wide; device, an
      eagle holding in his beak a scroll, with the word "Essayons," a
      bastion with embrasures in the distance surrounded by water, with
      a rising sun-the figures to be of dead gold upon a bright field.
      Small buttons of the same form and device, and fifty-five
      hundredths of an inch in exterior diameter.
      1490. For Officers of the Corps of Topographical
      Engineer-gilt, seven-eighths of an inch exterior diameter, convex
      and solid; device, the shield of the United States, occupying
      one-half the diameter, and the letters xxx in old English
      characters the other half; small buttons, one-half inch diameter,
      device and form the same.[465]
      1491. For Officers of the Ordnance Department-gilt, convex,
      plain border, cross cannon and bombshell, with a circular scroll
      over and across the cannon, containing the words "Ordnance
      Corps;" large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior
      diameter; small size, one-half inch.
      1492. For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, and Cavalry-gilt,
      convex; device, a spread eagle with the letter A, for
      Artillery-I, for Infantry-C, for Cavalry, on the shield; large
      size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior diameter; small size,
      one-half inch.
      1493. Aides-de-camp may wear the button of the General Staff,
      or of their regiment or corps, at their option.
      1494. For Medical Cadets-same as for Officers of the General
      Staff.
      1495. For all Enlisted Men-yellow, the same as is used by the
      Artillery, &c., omitting the letter in the shield.

      Trowsers.
      1496. For General Officers and Officers of the Ordnance
      Department-of dark blue cloth, plain, without stripe, welt, or
      cord down the outer seam.
      1497. For Officers of the General Staff and Staff Corps,
      except the Ordnance-dark blue cloth, with a gold cord, one-eighth
      of an inch in diameter, along the outer seam.
      1498. For all Regimental Officers-dark blue cloth, with a
      welt let into the outer seam, one-eighth of an inch in diameter,
      of colors corresponding to the facings of the respective
      regiments, viz.: Cavalry, yellow; Artillery, scarlet; Infantry,
      sky-blue.
      1499. For Medical Cadets-same as for Officers of the General
      Staff, except a welt of buff cloth, instead of a gold cord.
      1500. For Enlisted Men, except companies of Light
      Artillery-dark blue cloth; sergeants with a stripe one and
      one-half inch wide; corporals with a stripe one-half inch wide,
      of worsted lace, down and over the outer seam, of the color of
      the facings of the respective corps.
      1501. Ordnance Sergeants and Hospital Stewards-stripe of
      crimson lace one and one-half inch wide.
      1502. Privates-plain, without stripe or welt.
      1503. For Companies of Artillery equipped as Light
      Artillery-skyblue cloth.
      All trowsers to be made loose, without plaits, and to spread
      well over the boot; to be re-enforced for all enlisted mounted
      men.

      Hat.
      1504. For Officers-of best black felt. The dimensions of
      medium size to be a follows: [456]
      Width of brim, 3¼ inches.
      Height of crown, 6¼ inches.
      Oval of tip, ½ inch.
      Taper of crown, ¾ inch.
      Curve of head, 3/8 inch.
      The binding to be ½ inch deep, of best black ribbed silk.
      1505. For Enlisted Men-of black felt, same shape and size as
      for officers, with double row of stitching, instead of binding,
      around the edge. To agree in quality with the pattern deposited
      in the clothing arsenal.
      1506. Medical Cadets will wear a forage cap according to
      pattern.

      Trimmings.
      1507. For General Officers-gold cord, with acorn-shaped ends.
      The brim of the hat looped up on the right side, and fastened
      with an eagle attached to the side of the hat; three black
      ostrich-feathers on the left side; a gold-embroidered wreath in
      front, on black velvet ground, encircling the letters US
      [insert]. in silver, old English characters.
      1508. For Officers of the Adjutant-General's,
      Inspector-General's, Quartermaster's, Subsistence, Medical and
      Pay Departments, and the Judge Advocate, above the rank of
      Captain-the same as for General Officers, except the cord, which
      will be of black silk and gold.
      1509. For the same Departments, below the rank of Field
      Officers-the same as for Field Officers, except that there will
      be but two feathers.
      1510. For Officers of the Corps of Engineers-the same as for
      the General Staff, except the ornament in front, which will be a
      gold-embroidered wreath of laurel and palm, encircling a silver
      turreted castle on black velvet ground.
      1511. For Officers of the Topographical Engineers-the same as
      for the General Staff, except the ornament in front, which will
      be a gold-embroidered wreath of oak leaves, encircling a
      gold-embroidered shield, on black velvet ground.
      1512. For Officers of the Ordnance Department-the same as for
      the General Staff, except the ornament in front, which will be a
      gold-embroidered shell and flame, on black velvet ground.
      1513. For Officers of Cavalry-the same as for the General
      Staff, except the ornament in front, which will be two
      gold-embroidered sabres crossed, edges upward, on black velvet
      ground, with the number of the regiment in silver in the upper
      angle.
      1514. For Officers of Artillery-the same as for the General
      Staff, except the ornament in front, which will be
      gold-embroidered cross-can-[466]non, on black velvet ground, with
      the number of the regiment in silver at the intersection of the
      cross-cannon.
      1515. For Officers of Infantry-the same as for Artillery,
      except the ornament in front, which will be a gold-embroidered
      bugle, on black velvet ground, with the number of the regiment in
      silver within the bend.
      1516. For Enlisted Men, except companies of Light
      Artillery-the same as for officers of the respective corps,
      except that there will be but one feather, the cord will be of
      worsted, of the same color as that of the facing of the corps,
      three-sixteenths of an inch in diameter, running three times
      through a slide of the same material, and terminating with two
      tassels, not less than two inches long, on the side of the hat
      opposite the feather. The insignia of corps, in brass, in front
      of the hat, corresponding with those prescribed for officers,
      with the number of regiment, five-eighths of an inch long, in
      brass, and letter of company, one inch, in brass, arranged over
      insignia.
      1517. For Hospital Stewards the cord will be of buff and
      green mixed. The wreath in front of brass, with the letters U. S.
      in Roman, of white metal. Brim to be looped up to side of hat
      with a brass eagle, having a hook attached to the bottom to
      secure the brim-on the right side for mounted men and left side
      for foot men. The feather to be worn on the side opposite the
      loop.
      1518. All the trimmings of the hat are to be made so that
      they can be detached; but the eagle, badge of corps, and letter
      of company, are to be always worn.
      1519. For companies of Artillery equipped as Light Artillery,
      the old pattern uniform cap, with red horsehair plume, cord and
      tassel.
      1520. Officers of the General Staff, and Staff Corps, may
      wear, at their option, a light French chapeau, either stiff crown
      or fiat, according to the pattern deposited in the
      Adjutant-General's office. Officers below the rank of field
      officers to wear but two feathers.

      Forage Caps.
      1521. For fatigue purposes, forage caps, of pattern in the
      General's-General's office: dark blue cloth, with a welt of the
      same around the crown, and yellow metal letters in front to
      designate companies.
      1522. Commissioned officers may wear forage caps of the same
      pattern, with the distinctive ornament of the corps and regiment
      in front.

      Cravat or Stock.
      1523. For all Officers-black; when a cravat is worn, the tie
      not to be visible at the opening of the collar.[467]
      1524. For all Enlisted Men-black leather, according to
      pattern.

      Boots.
      1525. For all Officers - ankle or Jefferson.
      1526. For Enlisted Men of Cavalry and Light Artillery-ankle
      and Jefferson, rights and lefts, according to pattern.
      1527. For Enlisted Men of Artillery, Infantry, Engineers, and
      Ordnance-Jefferson, rights and lefts, according to pattern.

      Spurs.
      1528. For all Mounted Officers-yellow metal, or gilt.
      1529. For all Enlisted Mounted Men-yellow metal, according to
      pattern. (See par. 1648.)

      Gloves.
      1530. For General Officers and Officers of the General Staff
      and Staff Corps-buff or white.
      1531. For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, Cavalry, Dragoons,
      and Riflemen-white.

      Sash.
      1532. For General Officers-buff, silk net, with silk bullion
      fringe ends; sash to go twice around the waist, and to tie behind
      the left hip, pendent part not to extend more than eighteen
      inches below the tie.
      1533. For Officers of the Adjutant-General's,
      Inspector-General's, Quartermaster's, and Subsistence
      Departments, Corps of Engineers, Topographical Engineers,
      Ordnance, Artillery, Infantry, Cavalry, and the Judge Advocate of
      the Army-crimson silk net; for Officers of the Medical
      Department-medium or emerald green silk net, with silk bullion
      fringe ends; to go around the waist and tie as for General
      Officers.
      1534. For all Sergeant Majors, Quartermaster Sergeants,
      Ordnance Sergeants, Hospital Stewards, First Sergeants, Principal
      or Chief Musicians and Chief Buglers-red worsted sash, with
      worsted bullion fringe ends; to go twice around the waist, and to
      tie behind the left hip, pendent part not to extend more than
      eighteen inches below the tie.
      1535. The sash will be worn (over the coat) on all occasions
      of duty of every description, except stable and fatigue.
      1536. The sash will be worn by "Officers of the Day" across
      the body, scarf fashion, from the right shoulder to the left
      side, instead of around the waist, tying behind the left hip as
      prescribed.

      Sword-belt.
      1537. For all Officers - a waist-belt not less than one and
      one-half inch nor more than two inches wide; to be worn over the
      sash; the [469]sword to be suspended from it by slings of the
      same material as the belt, with a hook attached to the belt upon
      which the sword may be hung.
      1538. For General Officers - Russia leather, with three
      stripes of gold embroidery; the slings embroidered on both sides.
      1539. For all other Officers - black leather, plain.
      1540. For all Noncommissioned Officers - black leather,
      plain.

      Sword-belt plate.
      1541. For all Officers and Enlisted Men - gilt, rectangular,
      two inches wide, with a raised bright rim; a silver wreath of
      laurel encircling the "Arms of the United States;" eagle, shield,
      scroll, edge of cloud and rays bright. The motto, "E Pluribus
      Unum," in silver letters, upon the scroll; stars also of silver;
      according to pattern.

      Sword and Scabbard.
      1542. For General Officers - straight sword, gilt hilt,
      silver grip, brass or steel scabbard
      1543. For Officers of the Adjutant-General's, Inspector-
      General's, Quartermaster's, and Subsistence Departments, Corps of
      Engineers, Topographical Engineers, Ordnance, the Judge Advocate
      of the Army, Aides-de-Camp, Field Officers of Artillery,
      Infantry, and Foot Riflemen, and for the Light Artillery - the
      sword of the pattern adopted by the War Department, April 9,
      1850; or the one described in General Orders No. 21, of August
      28, 1860, for officers therein designated.
      1544. For the Medical and Pay Departments - small sword and
      scabbard, according to pattern in the Surgeon-General's office.
      1545. For Medical Cadets, the sword and belt and plate will
      be the same as for non-commissioned officers.
      1546. For Officers of Cavalry - sabre and scabbard now in
      use, according to pattern in the Ordnance Department.
      1547. For the Artillery, Infantry, and Foot Riflemen, except
      the field officers - the sword of the pattern adopted by the War
      Department, April 9, 1850.
      1548. The sword and sword-belt will be worn upon all
      occasions of duty, without exception.
      1549. When on foot, the sabre will be suspended from the
      hook attached to the belt.
      1550. When not on military duty, officers may wear swords of
      honor, or the prescribed sword, with a scabbard, gilt, or of
      leather with gilt mountings.[470]

      Sword-knot.
      1551. For General Officers - gold cord with acorn end.
      1552. For all other officers - gold lace strap with gold
      bullion tassel.

      Badges to Distinguish Rank.

      Epaulettes.
      1553. For the Major-General Commanding the Army - gold, with
      solid crescent device, three silver-embroidered stars, one, one
      and a half inches in diameter, one, one and one-fourth inches in
      diameter, and one, one and one-eighth inches in diameter, placed
      on the strap in a row, longitudinally, and equidistant, the
      largest star in the centre of the crescent, the smallest at the
      top; dead and bright gold bullion, one-half inch in diameter and
      three and one-half inches long.
      1554. For all other Major-Generals - the same as for the
      Major-General Commanding the Army, except that there will be two
      stars on the strap instead of three, omitting the smallest.
      1555. For a Brigadier-General - the same as for a
      Major-General, except that, instead of two, there shall be one
      star (omitting the smallest) placed upon the strap, and not
      within the crescent.
      1556. For a Colonel - the same as for a Brigadier-General,
      substituting a silver-embroidered spread eagle for the star upon
      the strap; and within the crescent for the Medical Department-a
      laurel wreath embroidered in gold, and the letters MS, in old
      English characters, in silver, within the wreath; Pay
      Department-,same as the Medical Department, with the letters PD.
      in old English characters; Corps of Engineers-a turreted castle
      of silver; Corps of Topographical Engineers - a shield
      embroidered in gold, and below it the letters TE, in old English
      characters, in silver; Ordnance Department -shell and flame in
      silver embroidery; Regimental Officers - the number of the
      regiment embroidered in gold, within a circlet of embroidered
      silver, one and three-fourths inches in diameter, upon cloth of
      the following colors: for Artillery - scarlet; Infantry - light
      or sky blue; Cavalry - yellow.
      1557. For a Lieutenant-Colonel - the same as for a Colonel,
      according to corps, but substituting for the eagle a
      silver-embroidered leaf.
      1558. For a Major -the same as for a Colonel, according to
      corps, omitting the eagle.
      1559. For a Captain - the same as for a Colonel, according to
      corps, except that the bullion will be only one-fourth of an inch
      in diameter, and two and one-half inches long, and substituting
      for the eagle two silver-embroidered bars.
      1560. For a First Lieutenant - the same as for a Colonel,
      according to [471]corps, except that the bullion will be only
      one-eighth of an inch in diameter, and two and one-half inches
      long, and substituting for the eagle one silver-embroidered bar.
      1561. For a Second Lieutenant - the same as for a First
      Lieutenants omitting the bar.
      1562. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant - the same as for a
      Second Lieutenant.
      1563. All officers having military rank will wear an
      epaulette on each shoulder.
      1564. The epaulette may be dispensed with when not on duty,
      and on certain duties off parade, to wit: at drills, at
      inspections of barracks and hospitals, on Courts of Inquiry and
      Boards, at inspections of articles and necessaries, on working
      parties and fatigue duties, and upon the march, except when, in
      war, there is immediate expectation of meeting the enemy, and
      also when the overcoat is worn.

      Shoulder-Straps.
      1565. For the Major-General Commanding the Army - dark blue
      cloth, one and three-eighths inches wide by four inches long;
      bordered with an embroidery of gold one-fourth of an inch wide;
      three silver-embroidered stars of five rays, one star on the
      centre of the strap, and one on each side equidistant between the
      centre and the outer edge of the strap; the centre star to be the
      largest.
      1566. For all other Major-Generals - the same as for the
      Major-General Commanding the Army, except, that there will be two
      stars instead of three; the centre of each star to be one inch
      from the outer edge of the gold embroidery on the ends of the
      strap; both stars of the same size.
      1567. For a Brigadier-General - the same as for a
      Major-General, except that there will be one star instead of two;
      the centre of the star to be equidistant from the outer edge of
      the embroidery on the ends of the strap.
      1568. For a Colonel - the same size as for a Major-General,
      and bordered in like manner with an embroidery of gold; a
      silver-embroidered spread eagle on the centre of the strap, two
      inches between the tips of the wings, having in the right talon
      an olive-branch, and in the left a bundle of arrows; an
      escutcheon on the breast, as represented in the arms of the
      United States; cloth of the strap as follows: for the General
      Staff and Staff Corps - dark blue; Artillery-scarlet;
      Infantry-light or sky blue; Cavalry - yellow.
      1569. For a Lieutenant-Colonel -;the same as for a Colonel,
      according to corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing a
      silver-embroidered leaf at [472]each end, each leaf extending
      seven-eighths of an inch from the end border of the strap.
      1570. For a Major - the same as for a Colonel, according to
      corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing a gold-embroidered
      leaf at each end, each leaf extending seven-eighths of an inch
      from the end border of the strap.
      1571. For a Captain - the same as for a Colonel, according to
      corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing at each end two
      gold-embroidered bars of the same width as the border, placed
      parallel to the ends of the strap; the distance between them and
      from the border equal to the width of the border.
      1572. For a First lieutenant - the same as for a Colonel,
      according to corps, omitting the eagle, and introducing at each
      end one gold-embroidered bar of the same width as the border,
      placed parallel to the ends of the strap, at a distance from the
      border equal to its width.
      1573. For a Second Lieutenant - the same as for a Colonel,
      according to corps, omitting the eagle.
      1574. For a Brevet Second Lieutenant - the same as for a
      Second Lieutenant.
      1575. For a Medical Cadet - a strip of gold lace three inches
      long, half an inch wide, placed in the middle of a strap of green
      cloth three gad three-quarter inches long by one and one-quarter
      inches wide.
      1576. The shoulder-strap will be worn whenever the epaulette
      is not

      Chevrons.
      1577. The rank of non-commissioned officers will be marked by
      chevrons upon both sleeves of the uniform coat and overcoat,
      above the elbow, of silk or worsted binding one-half an inch
      wide, same color as the edging on the coat, points down, as
      follows:
      1578. For a Sergeant Major - three bars and an arc, in silk.
      1579. For a Quartermaster Sergeant - three bars and a tie, in
      silk.
      1580. For an Ordnance Sergeant -three bars and a star, in
      silk.
      1581. For a Hospital Steward - a half chevron of the
      following description, - viz.: of emerald green cloth, one and
      three-fourths inches wide, running obliquely downward from the
      outer to the inner seam of the sleeve, and at an angle of about
      thirty degrees with a horizontal, parallel to, and one-eighth of
      an inch distant from, both the upper and lower edge, an
      embroidery of yellow silk one-eighth of an inch wide, and in the
      centre a "caduceus" two inches long, embroidered also with yellow
      silk, the head toward the outer seam of the sleeve.
      1582. For a First Sergeant - three bars and a lozenge, in
      worsted.
      1583. For a Sergeant - three bars, in worsted.[473]
      1584. For a Corporal - two bars, in worsted.
      1585. For a Pioneer - two crossed hatchets of cloth, same
      color and material as the edging of the collar, to be sewed on
      each arm above the elbow in the place indicated for a chevron
      (those of a corporal to be just above and resting on the
      chevron), the head of the hatchet upward, its edge outward, of
      the following dimensions, viz.: Handle -four and one-half inches
      long, one-fourth to one-third of an inch wide. Hatchet - two
      inches long, one inch wide at the edge.
      1586. To indicate service - all non-commissioned officers,
      musicians, and privates, who have served faithfully for the term
      of five years, will wear, as a mark of distinction, upon both
      sleeves of the uniform coat, below the elbow, a diagonal half
      chevron, one-half an inch wide, extending from seam to seam, the
      front end nearest the cuff, and one-half an inch above the point
      of the cuff, to be of the same color as the edging on the coat.
      In like manner, an additional half chevron, above and parallel to
      the first, for every subsequent five years of faithful service;
      distance between each chevron one-fourth of an inch. Service in
      war will be indicated by a light or sky blue stripe on each side
      of the chevron for Artillery, and a red stripe for all other
      corps the stripe to be one-eighth of an inch wide.

      Overcoat.

      For Commissioned Officers.
      1587. A "cloak coat" of dark blue cloth, closing by means of
      four frog buttons of black silk and loops of black silk cord down
      the breast, and at the throat by a long loop à échelle, without
      tassel or plate, on the left side, and a black silk frog button
      on the right; cord for the loops fifteen-hundredths of an inch in
      diameter; back, a single piece, slit up from the bottom, from
      fifteen to seventeen inches, according to the height of the
      wearer, and closing at will, by buttons, and button-holes cut in
      a concealed flap; collar of the same color and material as the
      coat, rounded at the edges, and to stand or fall; when standing,
      to be about five inches high; sleeves loose, of a single piece,
      and round at the bottom, without cuff or slit; lining, woolen;
      around the front and lower border, the edges of the pockets, the
      edges of the sleeves, collar, and slit in the back, a flat braid
      of black silk one-half an inch wide; and around each frog button
      on the breast, a knot two and one-quarter inches in diameter of
      black silk cord, seven-hundredths of an inch in diameter,
      arranged according to drawing; cape of the same color and
      material as the coat, removable at the pleasure of the wearer,
      and reaching to the cuff of the coat-sleeve when the arm is
      extended; coat to extend down the leg from six to eight inches
      below the knee, according to height. To indicate rank, there will
      be on both [474] sleeves, near the lower edge, a knot of flat
      black silk braid not exceeding one-eighth of an inch in width,
      arranged according to drawing, and composed as follows:
      1588. For a General - of five braids, double knot.
      1589. For a Colonel - of five braids, single knot.
      1590. For a Lieutenant-Colonel - of four braids, single knot.
      1591. For a Major - of three braids, single knot.
      1592. For a Captain - of two braids, single knot.
      1593. For a First Lieutenant - of one braid, single knot.
      1594. For a Second Lieutenant and Brevet Second Lieutenant -
      a plain sleeve, without knot or ornament.

      For Enlisted Men.

      1595. Of all Mounted Corps - of sky-blue cloth;
      stand-and-fall collar; double-breasted; cape to reach down to the
      cuff of the coat when the arm is extended, and to button all the
      way up; buttons (1467).
      1596. All other Enlisted Men - of sky-blue cloth; stand-up
      collar; single-breasted; cape to reach down to the elbows when
      the arm is extended, and to button all the way up; buttons
      (1467).
      1597. For Cavalry - a gutta-percha talma, or cloak extending
      to the knee, with long sleeves.

      Other articles of clothing and equipment.

      1598. Flannel shirt, drawers, stockings, and stable-frock -
      the same as now furnished.
      1599. Blanket - woolen, gray, with letters U. S. in black,
      four inches long, in the centre; to be seven feet long, and five
      and a half feet wide, and to weigh five pounds.
      1600. Canvas overalls for Engineer soldiers - of white
      cotton; one garment to cover the whole of the body below the
      waist, the breast, the shoulders, and the arms; sleeves loose, to
      allow a free play of the arms, with narrow wristband "buttoning
      with one button; overalls to fasten at the neck behind with two
      buttons, and at the waist behind with buckle and tongue.
      1601. Belts of all Enlisted Men - black leather.
      1602. Cartridge-box - according to pattern in the Ordnance
      Department.
      1603. Drum-sling - white webbing; to be provided with a brass
      drumstick carriage, according to pattern.
      1604. Knapsack - of painted canvas, according to pattern now
      issued by the Quartermaster's Department; the great-coat, when
      carried, to be neatly folded, not rolled, and covered by the
      outer flap of the knapsack[475]
      1605. Haversack - of painted canvas, with an inside sack
      unpainted according to the pattern now issued by the
      Quartermaster's Department.
      1606. Canteen - of tin, covered with woolen cloth, of the
      pattern now issued by the Quartermaster's Department.


      (Horse Equipments omitted.)

      I hope this helps somewhat. As far as headgaar is concerned,
      there is a choice between a hat or forage cap.

      Yr. Obt. Svt.
      G E "Gerry" Mayers

      To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or even
      on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any state in the
      Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction from
      the Almighty God. --Anonymous
      ----- Original Message -----
      From: "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@...>
      To: <TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com>
      Sent: Monday, November 03, 2008 5:31 PM
      Subject: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam


      Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US
      Regulars
      at Antietam?

      Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack
      coats
      and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?

      Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson
    • Thomas Clemens
      I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a copy of Tim Reese s book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there. None of
      Message 2 of 7 , Nov 5, 2008
      • 0 Attachment
        I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a copy of Tim Reese's book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there. None of the US Regular officers that wrote to Carman mention uniforms of enlisted men. By regulation, they should be wearing frock coats and hats into battle, but since they had been in constant motion since going to the Peninsula in spring, I doubt they had much of that "finery" left. Much of the Fifth Corps had no knapsacks or eqipment with them in Maryland, so whatever they had when left DC is likely what they wore through the campaign.
        Hope this helps.


        Dr. Thomas G. Clemens
        Professor of History
        Hagerstown Community College




        >>> "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@...> 11/3/2008 4:31 PM >>>

        Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US Regulars
        at Antietam?

        Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack coats
        and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?

        Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson




        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Marc73@aol.com
        If my?reading memory?serves me correctly both armies by the time of the Antietam Battle were in their worst condition clothing and supply wise as they?had been
        Message 3 of 7 , Nov 5, 2008
        • 0 Attachment
          If my?reading memory?serves me correctly both armies by the time of the Antietam Battle were in their worst condition clothing and supply wise as they?had been on the move for quite some time.

          An uneducated quess would be a mixed combination. I have not seen any resource material on what the regulars wore at Antietam.

          Marc Riddell
          1st Minn Co D
          2nd USSS Co C
          Potomac Legion


          -----Original Message-----
          From: Thomas Clemens <clemenst@...>
          To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
          Sent: Wed, 5 Nov 2008 3:54 pm
          Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam






          I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a copy of Tim Reese's book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there. None of the US Regular officers that wrote to Carman mention uniforms of enlisted men. By regulation, they should be wearing frock coats and hats into battle, but since they had been in constant motion since going to the Peninsula in spring, I doubt they had much of that "finery" left. Much of the Fifth Corps had no knapsacks or eqipment with them in Maryland, so whatever they had when left DC is likely what they wore through the campaign.
          Hope this helps.


          Dr. Thomas G. Clemens
          Professor of History
          Hagerstown Community College




          >>> "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@...> 11/3/2008 4:31 PM >>>

          Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US Regulars
          at Antietam?

          Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack coats
          and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?

          Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson




          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        • Nick KURTZ
          When the Federal units retreated into the DC area after 2nd Manassas wouldn t they have had time then to replace jackets, pants, etc from the supply depots? I
          Message 4 of 7 , Nov 5, 2008
          • 0 Attachment
            When the Federal units retreated into the DC area after 2nd Manassas
            wouldn't they have had time then to replace jackets, pants, etc from the
            supply depots? I dont have a time line in front of me but it seems that
            they were in the DC area long enough to do some resupply.
            --Nick


            >From: Marc73@...
            >Reply-To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
            >To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
            >Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam
            >Date: Wed, 05 Nov 2008 16:08:28 -0500
            >
            >If my?reading memory?serves me correctly both armies by the time of the
            >Antietam Battle were in their worst condition clothing and supply wise as
            >they?had been on the move for quite some time.
            >
            >An uneducated quess would be a mixed combination. I have not seen any
            >resource material on what the regulars wore at Antietam.
            >
            >Marc Riddell
            >1st Minn Co D
            >2nd USSS Co C
            >Potomac Legion
            >
            >
            >-----Original Message-----
            >From: Thomas Clemens <clemenst@...>
            >To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
            >Sent: Wed, 5 Nov 2008 3:54 pm
            >Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a
            >copy of Tim Reese's book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there.
            >None of the US Regular officers that wrote to Carman mention uniforms of
            >enlisted men. By regulation, they should be wearing frock coats and hats
            >into battle, but since they had been in constant motion since going to the
            >Peninsula in spring, I doubt they had much of that "finery" left. Much of
            >the Fifth Corps had no knapsacks or eqipment with them in Maryland, so
            >whatever they had when left DC is likely what they wore through the
            >campaign.
            >Hope this helps.
            >
            >
            >Dr. Thomas G. Clemens
            >Professor of History
            >Hagerstown Community College
            >
            >
            >
            >
            > >>> "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@...> 11/3/2008 4:31 PM
            > >>>
            >
            >Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US Regulars
            >at Antietam?
            >
            >Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack coats
            >and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?
            >
            >Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >
            >[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            >
          • Harry Smeltzer
            Oh no, the MIB got to Marc, too. All is lost. Xandar (some of my memory of Calisto is coming back to me) ... From: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
            Message 5 of 7 , Nov 5, 2008
            • 0 Attachment
              Oh no, the MIB got to Marc, too.



              All is lost.



              Xandar (some of my memory of Calisto is coming back to me)



              -----Original Message-----
              From: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com [mailto:TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of Marc73@...
              Sent: Wednesday, November 05, 2008 4:08 PM
              To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
              Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam



              If my?reading memory?serves me correctly both armies by the time of the
              Antietam Battle were in their worst condition clothing and supply wise as
              they?had been on the move for quite some time.

              An uneducated quess would be a mixed combination. I have not seen any
              resource material on what the regulars wore at Antietam.

              Marc Riddell
              1st Minn Co D
              2nd USSS Co C
              Potomac Legion

              -----Original Message-----
              From: Thomas Clemens <clemenst@hagerstown
              <mailto:clemenst%40hagerstowncc.edu> cc.edu>
              To: TalkAntietam@ <mailto:TalkAntietam%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              Sent: Wed, 5 Nov 2008 3:54 pm
              Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam

              I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a copy
              of Tim Reese's book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there. None
              of the US Regular officers that wrote to Carman mention uniforms of enlisted
              men. By regulation, they should be wearing frock coats and hats into battle,
              but since they had been in constant motion since going to the Peninsula in
              spring, I doubt they had much of that "finery" left. Much of the Fifth Corps
              had no knapsacks or eqipment with them in Maryland, so whatever they had
              when left DC is likely what they wore through the campaign.
              Hope this helps.

              Dr. Thomas G. Clemens
              Professor of History
              Hagerstown Community College

              >>> "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@
              <mailto:pattirobpatti%40comcast.net> comcast.net> 11/3/2008 4:31 PM >>>

              Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US Regulars
              at Antietam?

              Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack coats
              and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?

              Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            • Harry Smeltzer
              Bullshit. The 350,000 men with that coward McClellan were well equipped, well fed, well rested, well read, and, well, EVERYTHING! And each and every man knew
              Message 6 of 7 , Nov 5, 2008
              • 0 Attachment
                Bullshit.



                The 350,000 men with that coward McClellan were well equipped, well fed,
                well rested, well read, and, well, EVERYTHING! And each and every man knew
                exactly what Lee was going to do BEFORE LEE KNEW!



                Damned apologist.



                I'd talk more about the squadron of Piper Cubs the Yankees had, but all that
                stuff's been sealed up in a hangar somewhere in Nevada, in an area patrolled
                by black helicopters like the one outside my house right now.



                Harry (at least, that's the name they implanted in my brain along with that
                chip)



                -----Original Message-----
                From: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com [mailto:TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com] On
                Behalf Of Thomas Clemens
                Sent: Wednesday, November 05, 2008 3:54 PM
                To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
                Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] Uniforms of the US Regulars at Antietam



                I do not recall ever seeing anything about this issue. You might find a copy
                of Tim Reese's book on U.S. Regulars to se if there is anything there. None
                of the US Regular officers that wrote to Carman mention uniforms of enlisted
                men. By regulation, they should be wearing frock coats and hats into battle,
                but since they had been in constant motion since going to the Peninsula in
                spring, I doubt they had much of that "finery" left. Much of the Fifth Corps
                had no knapsacks or eqipment with them in Maryland, so whatever they had
                when left DC is likely what they wore through the campaign.
                Hope this helps.


                Dr. Thomas G. Clemens
                Professor of History
                Hagerstown Community College




                >>> "Rob & Patti Erickson" <pattirobpatti@
                <mailto:pattirobpatti%40comcast.net> comcast.net> 11/3/2008 4:31 PM >>>

                Esteemed memebers, what uniform would have been worn by the US Regulars
                at Antietam?

                Would the infantry have worn frock coats and Hardee hats, sack coats
                and forage caps, or a combination of styles/equipment?

                Thanks in advance for any information. Rob Erickson




                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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