Re: Question about Irish Brigade Assault
- Gerry wrote:
<< The Sunken Road makes a major bend and descent downhill in about the
middle of the 6th Alabama position. My question is: Could this possibly
be the location where the Irish Brigade would have assaulted, as the
road would make any attacker to have to oblique his left and right wings
Gerry, having walked over the area twice in the last two years trying to
pin down where "my" 132nd Pennsylvania attacked the Sunken Road, my
vision of French's division's positions, preceeding Richardson's, goes
Weber's brigade of French's division approached the Sunken Road from
Roulette's farm at the vicinity of the bend you mention with the road
from Roulette's farm on their left or to their East. Morris's brigade
followed to Weber's left rear, and Kimball's brigade followed at
Morris's left rear.
Weber then received "a terrible fire" from his right and the entire
division, according to French, was also threatened by a column of
Confederates attempting "to turn my left and rear."
"Without waiting for the new regiments to recover," French reported, "I
left them in reserve and ordered Kimball [l-to-r: 7WV, 132PA, 8OH, 14IN]
to charge to the front." Kimball's [French's only brigade with veteran
regiments -- three out of four] approached the Sunken Road straddling
Roulette's. The 14IN was to its West; the 8OH straddled it, and the
132PA and 7WV were to its East.
"General Kimball," French continues, "brought his veterans into action
and fought the enemy on the front and either flank [unitl] the arrival
of re-inforcements, which reached the field three hours after my
division had sustained the conflict." He refers here, almost certainly,
to the arrival of the Irish Brigade of Richardson's division.
Writes Kimball of this moment: "At this time a brigade of General
Richardson's division advanced to my relief on the left of my line,
securing that flank from further assaults."
And Frederick Hitchcock, adjutant of the 132PA, wrote in his memoirs:
"[T]he Irish Brigade came up, under command of General Thomas Francis
Meagher. They had been ordered to commplete our work by a charge.
IMHO, Gerry, this places the westernmost troops of the Irish Brigade
arouind midpoint between the bend in the Sunken Road and the current
PS - I'm away from my computer most of the time during these August days
and may not be able to reply right away. But please let's continue. -T