----- Original Message -----
From: Brian Downey
Sent: Monday, July 12, 2004 10:55 PM
Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam]
Yes, "12M" is how it was transcribed in the OR, as per the footnote in
the article referred to. We'd all agree that means noon. But that's
not what the telegram actually says.
I have a digital copy of the telegram (original at the L of C) form as
it was received at the War Department, too, in case the link to the
Library of Congress doesn't work for you:
It's pretty clearly "Midnight".
It also helps explain why the telegram wasn't officially received at
the War Department til 2:35am.
Tim, by the way, is the first person I've heard of who's noticed this.
Apparently no one else has bothered to look at the telegram in recent
years, I don't know why. Perhaps it was easier to take the OR at face
value. Heck, we all do that.
The article he cited does a pretty fair job of analyzing what this
might mean, and is worth a look.
Thanks for the link. You are correct, it does clearly say MIDNIGHT.
Another factor in the delay from midnight to 2:35 AM is the time difference between Frederick and Washington. This was before the railroad companies set the standard times so Frederick might have been 30 to 45 minutes behind Washington time.
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