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5628Re: [TalkAntietam] Re: National Cemetery Grave Markers

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  • Stephen Recker
    Mar 26, 2009

      This is awesome. Thanks!


      On Tuesday, March 24, 2009, at 08:03 AM, Thomas Clemens wrote:

      > Forwarded from Steve Stotelmyer
      > When researching The Bivouacs of the Dead information on the headstones
      > at Antietam was hard to come by. As previously pointed out Snell and
      > Brown�s Administrative History was strangely silent on the subject. The
      > best I was able to find was: Risch, Erna, Quartermaster Support of the
      > Army: A History of the Corps 1775-1939, Center of Military History
      > United States Army, Washington D.C. 1989. From pages 466-467, ��1867,
      > Congress also made provisions for a continuing program of care and
      > maintenance of national cemeteries�Congress directed the Secretary of
      > War to mark each grave with a small headstone�The Secretary of War made
      > no final decision until 1873, when Congress having appropriated $1
      > million for headstones, he decided in favor of marble or durable
      > stone�Before the end of the year, the Quartermaster�s Department had
      > let contracts and the work of placing the headstones in the national
      > cemeteries was begun.� Please accept my apologies for failure to cite
      > the source.
      > Since the publication of Bivouacs the Park Service has issued a
      > pamphlet with the following: �1879 also saw the inception of the
      > standardized headstone. Designed by General Montgomery Meigs, the
      > marble
      > stones we see today are mostly Meig�s design with some variations. From
      > the beginning a number of styles were used to mark the graves. Some
      > inscriptions are in relief and some are not. Additionally, the
      > relatives
      > of some soldiers elected to provide their own markers, their designs
      > varied greatly as did the material used. The private markers included
      > metal, granite, wood, and of course marble. As late as 1936 some of
      > these irregular markers remained. During that year Superintendent Carl
      > M. Taute had the last 43 removed and replaced by the standard design.�
      > Unfortunately there is no documentation, but I did find the last
      > sentence about Superintendent Taute documented in Snell and Brown�s
      > Administrative History, page 224. Hope this information helps.

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