5332Re: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
- Feb 4, 2009You're correct of course.
DH Hill's "Centre Wing" was a bit of a cypher, the divisions operating separately by the provisions of SO191. McLaws' Division had been formed into a 4th wing by the addition of Longstreet's Division (RH Anderson) and another small division from Longstreet's wing (which was originally part of Longstreet's Division and simply returned to it), and Walker was operating independently.
Thus all that was on the field at Antietam before Jackson comes in is Longstreet's command with 2 divisions (DR Jones and Hood) and Walton's artillery and DH Hill's command with his own division and 3 Bns of arty reserve.
Longstreet posts Hood on the left, with SD Lee's arty, Jones on the right, with Walton, and DH Hill in the centre with the remaining two Bns.
When Jackson comes in, he is assigned to take the left wing (his traditional position as 2nd Maj Gen). Hood doesn't reunite with Longstreet, but instead retires slightly (replaced by Ewell's division) and allows his men to cook for the first time that day. I have no idea whether Hood was supposed to return to Longstreet or not, but he certainly fights under Jackson's aegis the next day.
McLaws' 4th Wing arrives very early on the 17th, and is held by Lee behind Sharpsburg as a reserve. They are forwarded to Jackson (McLaws') and DH Hill (Longstreet's) later. I have just rechecked the reports of McLaws' brigadiers and it does seem (http://www.civilwarhome.com/macraeantietam.htm ) that McLaws' was indeed still under DH Hill....
Walker's encounters Longstreet initially and Longstreet grabs him to replace Hood's, but Lee orders Walker north later, but Walker's report shows he was still receiving orders from Longstreet later in the battle (specifically to shift to reinforce DH Hill).
Thus it now seems that only three divisions had the "wrong wing" in command, Walker (Longstreet, not Hill), Hood (Jackson, not Longstreet) and AP Hill (Longstreet, not Jackson).
My thoughts have been that the idea of a fluid command structure is in part due to DH Hill being a "Corps Commander" has only been reintroduced ca 10 years ago (Harsh's trilogy), and people have been trying to interpret actions assuming the 7th October organisation.
--- On Wed, 4/2/09, G E Mayers <gerry1952@...> wrote:
> From: G E Mayers <gerry1952@...>
> Subject: Re: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
> To: TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com
> Date: Wednesday, 4 February, 2009, 12:30 PM
> Dear Bryn;
> Interesting but not really reflecting the extremely fluid
> of the Confederate forces that fought at Sharpsburg.
> IIRC by the time McLaws' division arrives on field and
> is thrown
> into the fight, Jackson is pretty much out of action. While
> West Woods area is technically "his"
> responsibility, again IIRC,
> it is R E Lee who orders McLaws to move to the West Words
> where Sedgwick is making his attach, not Jackson.
> Yr. Obt. Svt.
> G E "Gerry" Mayers
> To Be A Virginian, either by birth, marriage, adoption, or
> on one's mother's side, is an introduction to any
> state in the
> Union, a passport to any foreign country, and a benediction
> the Almighty God. --Anonymous
> ----- Original Message -----
> From: "Bryn Monnery"
> To: <TalkAntietam@yahoogroups.com>
> Sent: Wednesday, February 04, 2009 5:42 AM
> Subject: [TalkAntietam] The Orbats at Antietam
> While doing some research on Antietam I've found that
> accepted orbats seem wrong, based on the orbats implemented
> later (Confederate, see Harsh) or a week earlier (Union,
> from McClellans Report to the Secretary of War).
> Thus the organisations of the two armies at Antietam seem
> to be:
> Right Wing (Longstreet)
> DR Jones' Division
> Walker's Division (at the beginning, later attached to
> Walton's Arty Bn
> Robertson's Cavalry Brigade
> Centre Wing (DH Hill)
> DH Hill's Division
> Longstreet's Division (RH Anderson)
> Cutt's Arty Bn
> HP Jones' Arty Bn
> Left Wing (Jackson)
> Jackson's Division
> Ewell's Division
> Hood's Division (attached from Longstreet)
> McLaws' Division (attached from DH Hill)
> SD Lee's Arty Bn
> Stuart with Fitz Lee's Brigade (the corps brigade) and
> Hill's Corps brigade, attached)
> AP Hill is still en route
> Right Wing (Burnside): 9th Corps and 5th Corps (only
> initially, Morell's arrives later), Artillery Reserve
> Centre Wing (Franklin): 6th Corps (arrives very late in the
> 4th Corps (only one division, absent masking Harper's
> Left Wing (Sumner): 1st, 2nd and 12th Corps, and Cavalry
> NB: The Wing structure *is* still in use at Antietam.
> Any thoughts?
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