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342Re: [TalkAntietam] Antietam Tour: Burnside's Attack

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  • Tom Clemens
    Sep 22, 2001
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      Bill,
      McMullin's has a monumnet on the ridge where the Ninth Corps guns were located. It is
      right along the Burnside Bridge road, the real road, not the NPS road. I'd be happy to
      show you if I am available.


      Bill & Glenna Jo Christen wrote:

      > TR Livesey wrote:
      >
      > > In this image, each point in the Union positions is evaluated to determine the
      > > percentage of points in the Confederate position that have direct los with it....As
      > > can be seen, a considerate amount of Union artillery has excellent los: nearly all of
      > >
      > > McMullen, Roemer, and Muhlenberg's, and some of Cook's and Benjamin's have los at
      > > 100%
      >
      > TR
      >
      > Thanks for this work. This is an excellent start to this study. It looks like there was
      > more artillery than I imaged with LOS to the CS positions.
      >
      > I think the next step it to figure out the location of the batteries from sunrise until
      > the bridge was taken around 1 PM. One would suspect that all these batteries were in
      > position by sunrise, but that might not be the case. Another step will be to check the
      > ORs and other accounts for time relationships to when any batteries were active.
      >
      > > On the map above I drew a red line to indicate the direction of 1 possible
      > > profile...As can be seen, there is clear line of sight between the Union and
      > > Confederate positions, at least alone this profile.
      > >
      > > Why the Lower Bridge defenders were not pounded by Union artillery cannot be
      > > explained strictly by the orientation of hills and terrain features.
      >
      > I agree. As this (the lower bridge action) was a "demonstration" per original orders to
      > Burnside, perhaps not all batteries were ordered into action. Anticipation of driving
      > the CS forces from the bridge without delay and the subsequent movement of batteries to
      > positions overlooking Sharpsburg might have caused the batteries to remain limbered.
      >
      > > ...Or perhaps there were other factors...
      >
      > Firing downward at CS units at the base of the bridge along the creek would be hamper
      > by the ability to angle the guns in an effective manner. Also smoke and later the
      > presence of US forces along the east bank of the creek would prohibit effect fire.
      >
      > > It would be nice to do a field trip and visit the actual Union artillery positions to
      > > see what you can see from there.
      >
      > I am planning to be at the Harpers Ferry 1860 Election Day event on 13 October
      > (Saturday) and would consider a small "scout" in the area early on Friday or Sunday
      > mornings. I am also planning to be in the area just on the Gettysburg Remembrance Day
      > weekend in November. Let me know if anyone can join me. We need the Pflum boys to help
      > us with Ninth Corps artillery details.
      >
      > Ninth Corps Artillery...
      >
      > Eighth MA (Cook's)
      > "...morning east of Antietam Creek...battery fired for an hour or two on two rebel
      > batteries on the hills to the right and left of the village of Sharpsburg."
      >
      > The left section (two or four guns?) of was detached on went into action AFTER crossing
      > the bridge.
      >
      > Second US, Btty E (Benjamin's or Carlisle's)
      > "morning...opened fire early on a battery which was shelling ...Rodman's
      > division...several times during the day we engaged a battery of eight guns to the right
      > [north] of Sharpsburg...also fired on batteries left [south of the town] [no tome is
      > specified for these actions].
      >
      > PA Light, Btty D (Durell's)
      > "...morning...the enemy opened a heavy artillery fire, from which their projectiles
      > fell thick in our [Sturgis' Brigade] camp, and I [Sturgis] sent Captain Rawole forward
      > with Captain Durell's battery, which took position on an eminence and to the left of
      > Captain Weed's battery [?], already engaged. Some of the enemy's batteries were soon
      > silenced...it became necessary to send Captain Clark's battery up, which soon got into
      > position on the left of...Durell's. I now received orders from...Burnside to move still
      > farther to the left and front, and cross the Antietam Bridge. The batteries
      > were...withdrawn and placed in new positions, so as to aid in clearing the wood on the
      > opposite bank...One section was placed on the right of Benjamin's battery, in the rear
      > of the cornfield, through which the division moved toward the bridge. Another section
      > was placed on the right of the road, about 400 yards from the bridge, but did not open.
      > Captain Clark's battery was ordered to a position on the right of the woods, near the
      > slope occupied by the division the previous night, and one section held in reserve."
      >
      > Fourth US, Btty E (Clark's)
      > "...Clark, of Battery E, Fourth Artillery, who did excellent service, and received four
      > wounds during the day."
      > also see above
      >
      > Fifth US, Btty A (Mulenberg's)
      > OH Light, First Btty (McMullin's)
      > McMullin's battery was in the thick of the action at Fox's Gap on the 14th. I do not
      > know what shape it was in on the 17th.
      >
      > KY Light (Simmond's Btty)
      > Third US, Btty L & M (Edward's)
      >
      > At 10 AM Colonel Christ was "...ordered to support some batteries covering our advance
      > near the stone bridge."
      >
      > What battery was assigned to the Ninth New York?
      >
      > > The area is private property, so I have never been up there.
      >
      > We could at least get a sighting back toward the US positions while arrangements can be
      > made for a spring walk.
      >
      > Thanks again TR
      >
      > Bill
      >
      >
      >
      >
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