Ancient Copy Protection
- Chuck Jones <chuckjonez@...> wrote:
>Is there any ancient evidence that writers usedphenomenon?
>copy protection? Any texts in which it is discussed?
>Any other ancient texts that demonstrate the
This is a excellent question Chuck I believe Bruce
might have mentioned something about this in one of
his pots but I am not sure.
The art of encryption is very old.
Encryption is reported from antiquity, with Plutarch
noting that Spartan generals wrote their messages on a
narrow strip of parchment wrapped around a thin
cylinder ("scytale"). When the parchment was unwound,
the message appeared as a nonsense sequence of letters
and could only be read by wrapping the parchment
around another cylinder of the same size.
This website above this note offers information on the
history of encryption is interesting but is very
I have been working on this counting theme in Mark
since around 1983. Occasionally studies come close to
some of the aspects I have discussed but never seem to
put it together. One such website is at the url below.
They play with word counts and note that the endings
are usually irrelevant. And they pay attention to the
importance of the number seven on a much broader scale
including all of the bible. They do not suggest that
counting might have been part of a protection scheme
as I recall.
They way that Mark goes about cluing the reader as to
his counting scheme with the math riddle and Paul's
allegorical use of leaven, leads me to believe it was
an original idea most probably from Paul who was
constantly being challenged on his teaching and
beliefs. He may have worked out this method while in
prison after the loss of documents to Alexander the
coppersmith. If Mark's method were well known he
would not need to work so hard at getting his readers
to figure out the formula. Any form of copy protection
has a short life span. So the more original the more
it is likely to work. Once it becomes known it is too
easily overcome and must be discarded for a new
method. Much like encryption today.
Five of Paul's epistles bare the phrase "in my own
hand". One would think that he was anticipating that
his reader would recognize his own scriptogrophy in
the document and accept it as authentic. The epistles
that bare this phrase are 1Cor, Gal, Col, 2Thes, and
In 2Thesalonians there is a curious accompanying
phrase 2 Thes. 3:17 I, Paul, write this greeting with
my own hand. This is the mark in every letter of mine;
it is the way I write. If Paul had a speical Mark he
might be anticipating that the one receiving the
letter would know and recognize the mark.
Mark the writer is of the opinion that Homer included
cryptic messages in the Odyssey including the concept
of resurrection with respect to Odysseus. He implies
that the scar of recognition is an identifying mark of
a resurrected Odysseus that comes in the form of the
old beggar and soon will be in Telemachus when he
becomes Mature. Some have said that the significance
of olive wood in the Odyssey has an important hidden
meaning. Perhaps it signifies an new incarnation I
cannot say with certainty.
The intercalation [bracketing] technique of the story
of the scar is repeated in Mark to make the same point
about Jesus i.e. That he is John raised from the dead.
This characteristic in Mark is a paradigm of the Greek
perfect tense that parallels the concept of
re-incarnation. As if to say that the spirit existed
and completed its task in the past and has done so in
the present as well. The event between the brackets is
intended to be the most recent incarnation told over
the story of a previous incarnation. This all seems
very confusing I know, but it makes sense when you
understand Greek thought and their use of the perfect
tense. We have nothing like it in English
Another point along this line that is worth mentioning
is the use of parables to conceal meaning in texts.
Mark openly tells the reader that parables are
intended to conceal from those who are outside the
faith and in opposition to it. parables is a seven
count word in Mark his understanding of them fits well
with what Paul says about his Gospel. Mark 4:11 And
he said to them, "To you has been given the secret of
the kingdom of God, but for those outside everything
is in parables; 12 so that they may indeed see but not
perceive, and may indeed hear but not understand; lest
they should turn again, and be forgiven."
2Co 4:1 Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy
of God, we do not lose heart. 2 We have renounced
disgraceful, underhanded ways; we refuse to practice
cunning or to tamper with God's word, but by the open
statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to
every man's conscience in the sight of God. 3 And even
if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled only to those
who are perishing. 4 In their case the god of this
world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to
keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the
glory of Christ, who is the likeness of
Notice the context of tampering with God's word.
Well I am constantly looking for evidence in other
ancient works. I believe I have seen evidence of
counting in other documents of the NT but will not
make that public until I have more evidence.
Thank your for that excellent question.
Rick Richmond rickr2889@...
Do You Yahoo!?
Tired of spam? Yahoo! Mail has the best spam protection around