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[Synoptic-L] Re: Sources and languages

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  • David Mealand
    Greg wrote ... Both R. T. France1 and Robert H. Stein2 come to the conclusion that Capernaum in the time of Jesus was a town or ?city? of around 10,000 people.
    Message 1 of 76 , Feb 29, 2012
      Greg wrote
      -----------
      Both R. T. France1 and Robert H. Stein2 come to
      the conclusion that Capernaum in the time of
      Jesus was a town or ?city? of around 10,000
      people. They appear to base this conclusion on
      the evidence that the town had a detachment of
      Roman troops, a major customs post, and a
      residential royal official (?????????).
      ...Stein concludes that in the time of Jesus there
      was a ?major synagogue ...
      ----------

      I would suggest that before assenting to such a
      picture some attention should be paid to the sober
      and cautious account to be found in J.L.Reed,
      Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus, 2002 pp.139-169
      which looks at the evidence from both site and
      sources in considerable detail with plenty of references to
      other scholarly literature. Population 600-1500, mostly Jewish,
      any officials those of Antipas not Roman, Romans
      nearby later in Hadrian's time, in this period no overtly pagan
      artifacts, evidence of what was under the 3rd C CE (or later)
      synagogue far from clear. Well worth reading.

      I would add that none of this excludes a small building
      used as a synagogue and village centre at this period
      whether under the later much larger one or not.

      A generation ago there was antipathy towards seeing Graeco-Roman
      features in the NT, now there seems to be an equally mistaken
      reluctance to engage with the Aramaic Jewish features behind the
      Greek of the Synoptics.

      David M.




      ---------
      David Mealand, University of Edinburgh


      --
      The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in
      Scotland, with registration number SC005336.
    • David Mealand
      Greg wrote ... Both R. T. France1 and Robert H. Stein2 come to the conclusion that Capernaum in the time of Jesus was a town or ?city? of around 10,000 people.
      Message 76 of 76 , Feb 29, 2012
        Greg wrote
        -----------
        Both R. T. France1 and Robert H. Stein2 come to
        the conclusion that Capernaum in the time of
        Jesus was a town or ?city? of around 10,000
        people. They appear to base this conclusion on
        the evidence that the town had a detachment of
        Roman troops, a major customs post, and a
        residential royal official (?????????).
        ...Stein concludes that in the time of Jesus there
        was a ?major synagogue ...
        ----------

        I would suggest that before assenting to such a
        picture some attention should be paid to the sober
        and cautious account to be found in J.L.Reed,
        Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus, 2002 pp.139-169
        which looks at the evidence from both site and
        sources in considerable detail with plenty of references to
        other scholarly literature. Population 600-1500, mostly Jewish,
        any officials those of Antipas not Roman, Romans
        nearby later in Hadrian's time, in this period no overtly pagan
        artifacts, evidence of what was under the 3rd C CE (or later)
        synagogue far from clear. Well worth reading.

        I would add that none of this excludes a small building
        used as a synagogue and village centre at this period
        whether under the later much larger one or not.

        A generation ago there was antipathy towards seeing Graeco-Roman
        features in the NT, now there seems to be an equally mistaken
        reluctance to engage with the Aramaic Jewish features behind the
        Greek of the Synoptics.

        David M.




        ---------
        David Mealand, University of Edinburgh


        --
        The University of Edinburgh is a charitable body, registered in
        Scotland, with registration number SC005336.
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