Crawford RE: [Synoptic-L] Re: Sources and languages
- At 02:19 PM 2/24/2012, Greg Crawford wrote:
>Robert,I think what you're reaching for, here, when you refer "to hybrid,"
>This is exactly my point. There is little use in talking of "the" language
>(singular) in such contexts. I have a Zimbabwean friend who speaks *two*
>indigenous languages, (Xhosa and Zulu if I recall), but she says
>English is the
>common language of Africa because there are hundreds of indigenous languages.
>Naturally the rules of one language will affect the other producing a hybrid
>sometimes; but detection of such influences upon their English does
>not mean the
>speaker was actually speaking an indigenous language at the time.
>between this and the Synoptic situation are obvious.
is what linguists call pidgins and creoles. If these existed only in
oral form, finding the evidence for them might be difficult. But as
Crossan implies, the place to look for them is in the marketplace.
Northern Arizona University
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
- Greg wrote
Both R. T. France1 and Robert H. Stein2 come to
the conclusion that Capernaum in the time of
Jesus was a town or ?city? of around 10,000
people. They appear to base this conclusion on
the evidence that the town had a detachment of
Roman troops, a major customs post, and a
residential royal official (?????????).
...Stein concludes that in the time of Jesus there
was a ?major synagogue ...
I would suggest that before assenting to such a
picture some attention should be paid to the sober
and cautious account to be found in J.L.Reed,
Archaeology and the Galilean Jesus, 2002 pp.139-169
which looks at the evidence from both site and
sources in considerable detail with plenty of references to
other scholarly literature. Population 600-1500, mostly Jewish,
any officials those of Antipas not Roman, Romans
nearby later in Hadrian's time, in this period no overtly pagan
artifacts, evidence of what was under the 3rd C CE (or later)
synagogue far from clear. Well worth reading.
I would add that none of this excludes a small building
used as a synagogue and village centre at this period
whether under the later much larger one or not.
A generation ago there was antipathy towards seeing Graeco-Roman
features in the NT, now there seems to be an equally mistaken
reluctance to engage with the Aramaic Jewish features behind the
Greek of the Synoptics.
David Mealand, University of Edinburgh
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