Is this in the literature?
- I've not seen this in a title search, and it is not in my commentaries.
Isaiah is described as the "New Exodus" in one source, and another
source says that the sandals and staff may be a vague allusion to
Exodus, but no commentary seems to have made this connection, below. Am
I just not looking in the right commentaries?
In Mark 4:35-41 the waters obey the command of Jesus. Then in Mark
7:45-52 Jesus comes walking on water through the storm. The disciples
may have some trouble seeing him, "he looks like a ghost". We are then
told the disciples have not understood (about the bread), and that their
"hearts have been hardened". By the references to a water miracle and
"hardening hearts" Mark is evoking Exodus. Now in the two miracles at
sea we can see first Moses commanding the waters of the red sea in
Exodus, and then the new Exodus of Isaiah 43:16f "Thus says Yahweh who
made a way through the sea, a path in the raging waters...Look I am
doing something new, it emerges; can you not see it?" Again we have a
theme of moving from the old covenant to the new. Echoes of the emerging
Kingdom are found in the parables of the seeds, Mark 4:26-32.
Mark has another reference to Exodus not long before the walking on
water. In the sending of the twelve Mark 6:8 says that they should take
only sandals a staff, and no spare tunic. This echoes Exodus 12:11 "This
is how you are to eat it: with your cloak tucked into your belt, your
sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. Eat it in haste; it is
the Lord's Passover." Mark has sent forth the 12 disciples, in the new
Exodus, as the 12 tribes were sent forth in the original Exodus. We can
also note that this new Exodus follows shortly after Jesus the prophet
is rejected by his own people in Mark 6:1f.
Matthew and Luke both remove the Exodus reference; they both say that
nothing should be taken on the journey. Matthew has Jesus walking on the
water (Mt. 14:22) but removes Mark's "hardened hearts" and the
exhortation for us to look into this deeply, and see the new Exodus.
Luke's solution is to completely omit the "walking on the water"
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