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Authorial Luke [L2]

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  • E Bruce Brooks
    To: GPG [Cc: Synoptic] On: Authorial Luke [L2] From: Bruce CONVENTIONS: K = many links to Mark (k = few); T/t ditto Matthew; B/b ditto Both; X/x all. L = no
    Message 1 of 1 , Feb 8, 2009
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      To: GPG
      [Cc: Synoptic]
      On: Authorial Luke [L2]
      From: Bruce

      CONVENTIONS: K = many links to Mark (k = few); T/t ditto Matthew; B/b ditto
      Both; X/x all. L = no other Synoptic parallel save Luke himself.

      ERRATA: The ochre bars on Farmer p144 should be magenta.

      LUKE 2

      2:1-6 . . (L). . Bethlehem narrative
      2:7 . . . .(Lt) . Birth of Jesus ( ~ Mt 1:25)
      2:8-20 . (L). . Shepherds and angels
      2:21 . . .(Lt) . Naming of Jesus ( ~ Mt 1:25)
      2:22-38 (L). . Presentation at the Temple
      2:39 . . .(Lt) . Return to Nazareth ( ~ Mt 2:23)
      2:30-52 (L). . Young Jesus in the Temple


      Nothing here contradicts the Trajectory presumption that Mt > Lk; indeed,
      some of these details are part of the Trajectory argument itself.


      A replacement of most of the Matthean counterpart material (with its Exodic
      resonances) with other material of equal liturgical piety and greater
      literary power. Luke here uses one bit of Matthean material at more than one
      place in his narrative, and puts in closer conjunction items more widely
      spaced in Matthew, showing again that he is not following Mt or any other
      Vorlage with his nose half an inch off the page; he is rather executing a
      large design formed by previously considering the whole of his material,
      including his own inventions.


      Luke is free and indeed high-handed with Matthew ("This, my young friend, is
      how one writes a Gospel"), but he is affected by Matthew's wording in the
      passages which he retains in his different narrative structure. He is thus
      not allergic to Matthew. On the contrary, he is perfectly willing to use a
      good thing, whether a word or a large structural component, when he sees it,
      just as Bach was not at all averse to using whole compositions by Vivaldi as
      the basis for his own. A B-flat is a B-flat, and is nothing the worse if
      Telemann used it first.


      Chiefly concerned to note the degree of control exerted in Lk by OT
      material, which for Lk was as true as anything else within his purview.
      Luke's strategy in maintaining local continuity and large consistency,
      despite rejecting much of Matthew's material, is convincingly assessed.
      Goulder is particularly good on Luke's theme of Jesus's complete
      self-knowledge from childhood on, thus preparing to banish the Markan
      implication that Jesus only discovered himself in the course of his
      preaching. I would not have written every word of it that way myself, but as
      much could be said of the essays of Dryden, with perhaps little detriment to
      the reputation of Dryden. Warmly recommended.


      [E Bruce Brooks
      Warring States Project
      University of Massachusetts at Amherst]
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