Re: [Synoptic-L] Dates in Mark
----- Original Message -----
From: E Bruce Brooks
Cc: WSW ; GPG
Sent: Saturday, November 01, 2008 4:38 AM
Subject: Re: [Synoptic-L] Dates in Mark
In Response To: Karel
Cc: GPG, WSW
On: Dates in Mark
Below I'll respond with Karel II
KAREL: May I point out with reference to the date of writing that
(a) I date the known edition of Mark approximately 72 CE.
BRUCE: I know. It's in the subtitle of your book. I didn't miss it. I have
been commenting on it these many days, and I must confess that I find it
KAREL: (b) our Nestle edition is, however, a radical revision of an earlier
BRUCE: Why just Nestle?
Karel II. I am simply referring to the earliest version we have edited by Nestle. My complaint is that Nestle in his list of references to the Tanakh omits the ones in the opened monumental grave narrative, that Mark composed for his post-70 edition.
If this present best hypothesis as to the archetype of Mark is in fact a
"radical revision" of an earlier document, then any statements made about
that "radical revision" are likely to be misleading for the earlier
document, and we should accordingly not be talking about the year 72 (which
I suppose is what you mean in your book by "Mark II"), but about the earlier
document, presumably "Mark I." But this seems to be impossible, because so
far as I have found, you nowhere describe Mark I. You are thus operating in
this conversation with an offstage quantity. Could you post to the list (or
give page references to a published version of) an outline or summary of how
you see Mark I?
Karel II - I wish I were able to offer a neat document of pre-70 gospel by Mark or by someone else which he edited. Indeed an "off stage quantity." It is not my failing - all adherents to the conclusion that the present gospel shows sign of editing fail to com up with the pre-70 document. In fact that is. I think, what your are after in your project. In my book I did - with fear and trembling - list some items that I think belonged to pre-70 Mark.
KAREL: (c) the earlier document reflected the ecclesia expected the parousia
was impending. The catastrophic ending of the war made this rethinking and
reformulating of the meaning of the resurrection necessary in view of the
delay of the parousia.
BRUCE: ...To ask the question yet again: Why
should the destruction of the Temple have produced a crisis of expectation?
Karel II . Here we part ways I believe. Having lived through WW II and followed world news up till now, I donot doubt a) that most pre-70 Judeans, including the followers of Jesus (Acts 1,6!!) fervently awaited the establishment of the kingdom of David; b) the end of the war with all its violence produced a deep shock in the Land itself and in the diaspora. It seems to me there is somewhat a divide between exegetes who lived under a dictatorial regime and those who havenot shared that experience.
Bruce: Does Paul, for example, who is continually concerned with future expectations, and with people's increasing anxiety about their nonfulfilment (years before the destruction of the Temple) ever connect the Temple with those expectations? I don't
recall an instance, but I am quite willing to be informed otherwise. Reference appreciated.
Karel II For instance. 1 Thessaloninans and especialy 2 Thessalonians 2. I agree with Russels that apocalyptic language is partly subversive language. One doesnot write openly of the Roman oppressor and or of those involved with them.
KAREL: (d) since one is not able to detect a difference in style or
vocabulary in sections of our known Gospel, the pre/70 document was probably
written by John Mark as well. He revised his own document.
BRUCE: To this "one is not able," and to all statements of similar tendency,
my reply is, "How hard have you tried?"
Karel II - I tried years on end; I could not detect hard evidence.
BRUCE 1. If you mean, for example, that EUQUS "straightway" occurs in all the
chapters of our Mark, I would be tempted to agree.
Karel II - I am writing an article both on euthus and on palin, formidable words in the structure of Mark. I cannot go into it here. It is important to know Hebrew and be familiar with Judean thought. Unfortunately I donot know the Arthashastra to which you refer.
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