4146Luke's Great Omission
- May 17, 2012Did aLk deliberately omit a large portion of Mk, or did he have a damaged copy of Mk that did not include a large
portion of the text? It is increasingly looking to me that the latter is by far the more likely. Earlier this year I
posted the following on another list:
I've just created a synoptic parallel that covers the whole of Lk 9, and based on this it definitely seems to me that Lk
has a discontinuity in the middle of v. 9:18, corresponding roughly to Mk 6:46 and 8:27b:
"And it came to pass, as he was alone praying, . . his disciples were with him: and he asked them, saying, Whom say
the people that I am?" that is easily explained by pages missing from Mk.
However, I don't think that's the end of the story, because I see way more differences between Mk 6:47-8:27a and Mt
14:23b-16:12 than I expected. I also suspect that as well as aLk's copy of Mk having a big chunk missing, I think that
various pages either side of the gap were out or order. However, that awaits a more detailed analysis.
Since then I've been looking in more detail at some of this issue, and it looks to me as though aLk did actually have
some fragments of the text of the Great Omission, and, not knowing where they were supposed to go, used them as the
basis of the beginning of Lk 12:
Lk 12:1a In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they
trode one upon another,
Why is this here? The reference to the multitude has nothing to do with what comes next, especially when it appears that
Jesus then ignores the multitude, and speaks instead to just his disciples. However, the Great Omission contains several
references to large numbers of people, which at first sight do not appear to be present in Lk:
Mk 6:45 - Even if aLk had this as a separate fragment it is unlikely to be the source of Lk 12:1a, as it refers to
people leaving. Also, it would seem to be easily connected with Mk 6:44, and hence used to follow on from Lk 9:17.
Mk 8:1-2 - The multitudes are referred to twice. If aLk only had a small piece of Mk containing either of both of these
references it would be hard know what to do with it, apart from simply adding a reference to the number of people and
moving on. However, even so, the detail about the people treading on one another seems to be an added Lukan detail.
Lk 12:1b he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees,
This appears to be an obvious parallel to Mk 8:15b. Although Mt 16:6b is also a parallel, it seems very unlikely that
aLk knew this parallel in Mt, because otherwise he would been able to include the whole 'leaven' passage instead of just
this small fragment.
Lk 12:1c which is hypocrisy.
This text appears nowhere in either Mk or Mt. Also, aLk appears not to know the end of either Mk 8:15 or Mt 16:6. It
would therefore appear that he finished off the saying by reference to the fact that the Pharisees are often referred to
Lk 12:2 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
Here aLk continues with text from Mt.
I'd be interested in comments on whether this seems to be a workable hypothesis, or whether there are better sources for
David Inglis, Lafayette, CA, 94549, USA
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