Dr. Kloppenborg Verbin,
Thank you very much for taking the time to answer our questions.
My question has to do with the original extent of Q. In
_Excavating Q_ you allow that Q may have contained "(a) the
double tradition and (b) items triply attested where the degree
of agreement against Mark is substantial and where the
agreements are not likely to be merely coincidental" (p. 92) as
well as some pericopae that are attested in only one gospel (p.
In _Formation of Q_ you state that Luke "often uses a similar Q
or L passage in place of Mark when confronted by an apparent
overlap or redundancy. This suggests that Luke regarded Q
*even more highly* than he did Mark" (p. 82).
Now, given that Mark and Q overlapped, and that Luke might have
omitted pericopes from Q, how do we know that Q did not overlap
more extensively with the triple tradition than the cases you
state under (b) above? If it is Luke's habit, when faced with
an overlap or redundancy in his sources, to choose one version
and ignore the other, how do we know that Luke *always* chose
the Q version? You have criteria that identify *when* Luke
chooses the Q version, but how de we know that these are not
the minority of cases and that Luke more often preferred the
The reason I ask is that, in the traditionally defined Mark-Q
overlap passages in Luke, there are minor agreements between
Luke and Mark that are explained as Luke's reminiscences of
Mark when he is primarily following Q. If Luke has
reminiscences of one of his sources when he's primarily
following the other, might not minor agreements between Matthew
and Luke in the triple tradition be explained as Lucan
reminiscences of Q when he is primarily following Mark?
I apologize for packing four questions under this one topic.
Kenneth A. Olson
Department of History
2115 Francis Scott Key Hall
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
I am too much of a skeptic to deny the possibility of anything -
Stephen C. Carlson mailto:scarlson@...
Synoptic Problem Home Page http://www.mindspring.com/~scarlson/synopt/
"Poetry speaks of aspirations, and songs chant the words." Shujing 2.35
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