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SRS Vol. I / 04

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  • Ram Anbil
    SrIman! SrI Ranga Sriyam anubadravam anudhinam samvardhaya/ SrIman! SrI Ranga Sriyam anubadravam anudhinam samvardhaya/ KAvEri VardhathAm kAlE, kAlE varshathu
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 6 7:48 PM
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      SrIman! SrI Ranga Sriyam anubadravam anudhinam samvardhaya/
      SrIman! SrI Ranga Sriyam anubadravam anudhinam samvardhaya/
      KAvEri VardhathAm kAlE, kAlE varshathu vAsava:/
      SrI RanganAthO jayathu SrI Ranga SrIs cha VardhathAm//
      Volume I / Issue 4 dated 7th November 2000
      In this Issue:
      Editorial and Srimukham from T.C.Srinivasan Swami,
      Editor, Hayagriva Priya Journal of Sri ParakAla Matam.
      1. �Sriranga Vijayam �2 SrivaikunTam�: Purisai Sri Krishnamachariar Swami.
      2. �Sri BAshyAmrutham- 2�. : Introduction by Sri T.S. Rajagopalan Swami.
      3. �AchArya Vamsa Vriksham� � Part 31 B � Anbil Ramaswamy.
      4. �Learn our Sampradayam the easy way� �Lesson 9: The Right path�
      5. �Sri Vaishnava Sampradayam- 2� � Sri D. Soundararajan Swami.
      Today, your journal is completing its first month after inauguration on the
      Tirunakshatram day of Swami Desikan on 8th October 2000. We are glad to
      inform that our membership has crossed 200 mark within this one month.
      We are pleased to publish the Srimukham from Sri T.C.Srinivasan Swami,
      Advocate and Editor of �Sri Hayagriva Priya� journal of Sri ParakAla mutt,
      Mysore, just received through E.Mail.
      Among the articles-,
      1. �SRI RANGA VIJAYAM� Part 2 by AchArya Purisai Krishnamachar Swami,
      Editor, �Nrisimhapriya� journal of Ahobila Mutt. Following the footsteps of
      Bhagavad RamAnuja in his �Sri VaikunTa Gadhyam�, Sri Purisai Swami literally
      takes us on a guided tour to give us a sneak peek glimpse of Srivaikuntam,
      to let us understand how glorious is this veritable �El dorado� and the one
      who presides over it and to give us a foretaste of what we can �taste it
      again for the first time� when we reach there. Also, this gives us an idea
      as to how this ultimate and supreme Lord descends to earth taking His abode
      at Srirangam for emancipating such lowly creatures like us and taking us
      unto His Kingdom.
      2. �SRIBASHYAMRUTAM- Part 2�: Since the first of the five commands of
      Bhagavad RamAnuja is the duty to study and explain his magnum opus �Sri
      Bashyam�, we are presenting another article by Kaviratna GanTeerava,
      Abhinava VidyA bhAskara, VidyArathna Sri T.S. Rajagopalan Swami, (formerly
      Headmaster Hindu High School Triplicane)
      3. �ACHARYA VAMSA VRIKSHAM�- PART 31 B : gives some details about AchAryas
      in Branch I of the 3 branches mentioned in Part 31 A.
      4. �SAMPRADAYA LESSON 9 Right path� Learn our Sampradayam the easy way
      (Course for Kids) Grade 1 for Beginners (based on the Tamil original of Sri
      Seva Swami, Editor of �Sri Desika Seva�.
      5. �Sri Vaishnava Sampradayam- 2� � Sri D. Soundararajan Swami.
      Anbil Ramaswamy, Editor and Publisher, �Sri Ranga Sri�
      I consider it an honor to send a message of good wishes to the newly started
      electronic journal �SRIRANGASRI�. The name has been aptly chosen by His
      Holiness, which itself shows that the magazine has a bright future.

      All our Poorvacharyas from Sri Nathamuni to Sri Desika have taken their
      birth, all gravitated towards Lord Ranganatha and His consort Ranganayaki
      Thayar and spread the Visishtadvaita philosophy from that holy place
      overcoming all odds even at great personal risk to their lives. Our greatest
      Acharya of all times Sri Vedanta Desika, who stayed for long years at
      Srirangam has composed several works, each of which is a masterpiece by

      There is a resurgence of interest in his works these days, thanks to the
      growing awareness of the younger generation in our system of philosophy. The
      Holy Pontiffs of our various Maths, our elderly preceptors, Upanyasakas have
      contributed not a little to this awareness through their constant
      interaction with the laity of all age groups and all levels of

      Scholars like Sri Anbil Ramaswamy who have served long years in secular
      positions and have now taken up this goal in life, have a heavy but
      satisfying responsibility. They are the conduits of knowledge and our
      traditions from the shores of India to far-off America and Canada where the
      cream of our intellectual youth are present today. They are keeping in touch
      with their respective Acharyas and frequently correspond with other learned
      pundits in India; they have to disseminate their rich expertise through
      accurate English translations to the residents of America.

      Hence, journals like "Srirangasri" should present a harmonious and wholesome
      picture of our system in such a manner as to attract all. Separate sections
      of interest to children, women, elders, persons with literary bent of mind,
      may find place in their journals. Mere emphasis on philosophy and religion
      alone may not suffice to hold attention.

      To come back to Swamy Desika, his works are full of poesy, humor, social
      references, the necessity of proper food, recipes for a contented life, etc.
      These may be highlighted in appropriate manners.

      I conclude with seeking the blessings of Lord Ranganatha, Lord Varadaraja
      and Lord Venkatesa and the glances of our Acharyas for a successful run of
      "Srirangasri", like the popular magazines Sri Nrusimhapriya, Sri Ranganatha
      Paduka, Sri Desika Seva and others.

      T.C.Srinivasan Editor, 'Hayagreevapriya'
      1. �SRI RANGA VIJAYAM� Part 2; �SrivaikunTam�- AchArya Purisai Sri
      Krishnamachariar Swami, Editor, Nrisimhapriya Journal.
      (Translated by Anbil Ramaswamy)
      The world of SrivaikunTam (hereafter referred as SV) is far far higher than
      all the other worlds. There is none above or superior to it. It lies above
      the various other lOkas like Bhoo, Bhuvar, Suvar, Mahar, Jana and Satya
      LOkas. Bhuvar lOkam is 10 times vaster than Bhoolokam. Each of the other
      lokas is 10 times bigger than those lying immediately below. It is not
      possible to figure out the extent or describe the wonder that is SV. All we
      can say is that its glory is unsurpassed and beyond the comprehension of
      Devas and Asuras. The extent, wealth and nature of SV cannot be described by
      such great souls (mahAtmas) like Brahma, Siva, Sanaka and others.

      While all other lOkas are �prAkrita lOkas� (created worlds) SV is made of
      what is called �aprAkritam� (sui generis) and shines with brilliance
      infinitely brighter than the combined luminosity of the Sun, the moon, fire
      etc. Just as during the daytime, we find the fading away of the starlight,
      Sunshine verily fades away before the brilliance of SV.

      Compared with the enjoyment of SV what with its lush gardens, rivers and
      rivulets gushing forth pure waters incessantly and massive buildings and
      palaces etc, thousands and thousands of massive ramparts (madhilgaL)
      surrounding mansions of gold, tall towers and steeples, groves, courtyards
      and play places etc even the high heavens (svarga) popularly deemed the
      ultimate in enjoyment would appear like another hell (naraka)!

      The fragrance of flowers of Karpaga, PArijAtha and other trees spread far
      and wide without ever fading. This combined with the fragrance of Sandal
      paste (chandanam) eaglewood paste (akhil), camphor (Karpooram) and musk
      (Kasturi) mix gently with the wind (mandamArutham) and create a pleasant
      atmosphere. Honeybees that suck honey from these flowers and varieties of
      bees and beetles roam about humming their tunes and add to the sounds of
      several celebrations that go on continuously. Cuckoos, Peacocks, parrots and
      other exotic birds sing and dance to the tunes suitably.

      Besides separate play grounds for PerumAL and PirATTi, there are common
      grounds for them to play together. There are numerous bodies of water like
      rivers, lakes, tanks, wells, natatoria etc in which waters pure and
      unsullied flow perennially.

      The Capital of SV is filled with innumerable multistoried buildings,
      maNDapams, gem studded palaces, high rise ramparts (prAkArams) decorated
      with flags and festoons (thOraNam). The most important of all these is the
      �ThirumAmaNi maNDapam� (the great Durbar court) with a throne supported by
      lion figures (simhAsanam) on which sits in all His majesty Sri ParavAsudEva
      with Periya PirATTi surrounded by devotees � some singing melodious
      sAmagAnam, some rendering service with fans (visiri), some with royal
      insignia made of yak tail hair (sAmaram), some with colored
      umbrellas(kuDai). All of the above are made of �Suddha Satvam�(sui generis)
      and never get destroyed.
      To Continue: Glory of the Lord of SrivaikunTam
      2. �SRI BASHYAMRUTAM� � Article by Sri T.S. Rajagoplan Swami
      (Translated by Anbil Ramaswamy)
      If we carefully ponder over the nature of life on earth, we would find it
      not wholly happy. What little pleasure we seem to enjoy is insignificant and
      impermanent, mixed with displeasure and resulting in disappointment. The
      only way to attain absolute bliss and unalloyed happiness is to reach Sriman
      Narayana�s feet and serve Him in SrivaikunTam. Several means are prescribed
      in the Vedas on how to attain this like Karma, jnAna and Bhakti.

      The earlier part of the Vedas a.k.a. Poorva or Karma khANDam detail the
      methodology in adopting the above means. The later part a.k.a. Uttara or
      jnAna khANDam let us know the Lord whom we desire to attain. This is also
      called �Upanishad part�

      To clear doubts and explain the correct position in this regard, Sage VyAsa
      wrote �Brahma Sutram� also called �Sareeraka mImAmsa� because it establishes
      that all sentient beings (chEtanas) and non-sentient things (achEtanas)
      constitute the body (Sareera) of the All �sentient Lord who is their soul

      Since �Brahma Sutram� was in the form of aphorisms, AchAryas belonging to
      different streams of philosophy wrote commentaries according to their own
      lights. Thus, arose a BAshya for �Advaita�; another for �Dvaita� and yet
      another for �VisishTAdvaita�. The last one written by Sri Bhagavad RamAnuja
      (hereafter referred to as Sri BR) brings out the purport of "SAreeraka

      How Sri BR came to write this is as follows: When Sri BR came to Srirangam
      to meet with AalavandAr, Sri BR found that the latter had already left for
      his permanent abode and groups of his disciples had gathered to perform his
      last rites. Sri BR noticed that 3 of the fingers of AalavandAr were in a
      folded mode and understood that he had left 3 unfulfilled wishes and
      promised to fulfill them. One of them was to write a commentary on the lines
      of VisishTAdvaitam for �Brahma Sutram�. Sri BR traveled all the way to
      Kashmir to procure the �Vritti� a commentary on �Brahma Sutram� by Sage
      BodhAyana. Mysteriously, the Vritti obtained with great effort was lost.
      But, KoorathAzhwAn, who accompanied Sri BR consoled him by reproducing
      verbatim the text of the Vritti from memory gained through a single cursory
      glance at it in one night before it was found missing. Assisted by
      KoorathAzhwAn, Sri BR wrote his Bashyam- a majestic work that was true to
      the Vritti repudiating the faulty interpretations of other schools that
      Goddess Saraswati herself named it �Sri Bashyam� and called Sri BR as

      �Sri BAshyam� consists of 4 Chapters (adhyAyams). Simply stated � the first
      2 Chapters deal with the Supreme soul (ParamAtma). The last 2 Chapters deal
      with individual souls (jeevAtmas) and the non-sentient things.

      In the first 2 Chapters, he establishes how ParamAtma is the cause of all
      evolution, sustenance and dissolution of the other two entities, how
      ParamAtma has all auspicious qualities but has none of the defects and
      deficiencies associated with the other two. The 3rd Chapter details the
      various means that can lead the JeevAtma to ParamAtma. While the 4th Chapter
      describes the ultimate happiness (ParamAnandam) which the JeevAtma secures
      on attaining Paramapadam.
      To Continue: Summary of the 4 Chapters and their Sections (PAdams)
      Period - K : Between the branching off of ParakAla Mutt
      and that of Ahobila Mutt � (Anbil Ramaswamy)
      The Guru-Sishya Parampara from the time of branching off of
      Parakala Mutt and that of Ahobila Mutt may be understood as follows:
      (Authority: AVV Chart, VED and PPM).
      Branch I. 1: NAINARACHARIAR* (Already dealt with in AVV Part 29)

      Branch I. 2: GATIKAA SATHAM AMMAAL (Vaatsya varada guru)
      We give below the Familial genealogy of this Acharya:
      BhAshyakArar�s Sister is Kamala Devi.
      Her son is NaDAdur AazwAn. His grandson is NaDAdur AmmAL.
      HIS GRANDSON IS GATIKA SATHAM AMMAL (a.k.a. Varada Vishnu and
      His son is Mahadayadeesar.
      His son and disciple is VAtsya Varadha Desikan (a.k.a Varadha VishnuvAryA).
      His son and disciple is MahadayAdeesar (has the same name as his
      His disciple is AhobilAchariAr (brother�s son of the above Mahadayadeesar).
      Branch I. 2: GATIKA SATHAM AMMAL had the capacity to compose a hundred
      verses in a ghatika (24 minutes). Hence, he was known as Gatika Satham
      AmmAL. He was in-charge of the KAnchi school after the first Brahma
      Thantra Swathantra Jeeyar. Among his Sishyas was one Srinivasan, son of
      KidAmbi KesavAchArya of ThirunArAyaNapuram, who later became famous as Sri
      Adi Vann Satakopa Jeeyar, the 1st pontiff of Sri Ahobila Mutt.

      GatikaSatham AmmAL was succeeded in the Kanchi school by his son Varada
      Vishnu and after him we come across 3 Acharyas namely, MahadayAdeesa,
      AhobilAchAryA and VAtsya VaradAchArya.
      (At that time, there was a scholar named Sri VedAntachArya who
      learnt SribhAshyam from VAtsya VaradAchArya and Bhagavad Vishayam
      from one Triteeya Paraankusa Swami. Sri VedAntAchArya later became
      famous as " Shasta Paraankusa", the 6th Jeeyar of Ahobila Mutt, who was
      instrumental in placing Ahobila Mutt on firm foundation.)

      Gatikasatham Ammal wrote Yathiraja Vijayam, Vasantha Tilaka Bhaanam,
      Geethaa sAram, PramAnaswam and AmmAL SuprabAtham.
      His Tanian reads as follows:
      Namo Varada Vishnu vaaryaaya Nayanaananda Daayine /
      Vaatsyaaya Varadaaryaaya Vadhineeha Bhaaswate //
      � I bow to VAtsya Varada, a Guru who has a charming personality and who
      shines like a beacon light to the lineage of Vishnuvaarya�

      He was the grandson of Gatika Satham Ammaal. and son of
      Mahaadayaadeesar. He learned from his grandfather Rahasya Traya
      Saara, and from Adivan Satakopa Sribhasyam and 6,000padi of Bhagavad
      His Tanian is as follows :
      Mahaa Dayaadeesa Guror Thanayam Natva Vidwaram /
      Vande Vishnuvaaryam Vaatsalyaadhi Gunaarnavam //
      � I bow to the erudite Varada Vishnu Vaarya, son of MahAdayAdeesa Guru and
      whose qualities like mercy are vast and deep like the very ocean�

      Branch I.4: MAHAA DAYAA DEESAR:
      He was the son and disciple of Sri Varada Vishnu Maha Desikan. He
      bore the name of his grandfather as Mahadayaadeesar. He had his
      MantrOpadesam and Grantha Kalakshepam (except Bhagavad Vishayam)
      from his father.
      His Tanian reads as follows:-
      Mahaa Dayaa Deesitur Ambujaaksha Nidhyaana
      Nityaabhi Nivishta Buddeh /
      Agjnaana Nigrahakamunjasaaham Asmad Guror
      Angri Yugalam Prapadhye //
      � I surrender at the feet of our Guru, MahAdayAdeesar whose eyes are like
      lotus, who constantly meditates on the Lord and who is ignorant of punishing
      us for our faults due to his forgiving nature�

      He was the son of one AnantAchAriar of Sirangattur, and brother of
      Mahaa Dayaa Deesar. He had his MantrOpadesam and Pancha Samskaaram from
      his grandfather Varada Vishnu Vaarya. He did his Kalakshepam of
      Granthas (except Bhagavad Vishayam)from Mahaa Dayaa Deesar.
      His Tanian reads as follows:
      Srimad Varada Vishnu Vaaraya Pada Pankaja Shat Padam /
      Ahobila Gurum Vande Vatsa Vamsaika Mouktikam //
      � I salute the pearl of the lineage of Vatsa who was like a bee at the lotus
      feet of Varada VishnuvArya�

      This Swami later became the 6th pontiff of the Ahobila Mutt. His
      name in Poorvaasramam was Venkataachaariar. He had his
      Kalakshepam of Bhagavad Vishayam from the 3rd Pontiff of Ahobila
      Mutt who himself had his training under the first pontiff, Adi Vann
      Satakopar. He learned other Granthas from AhObilAchAriar and
      VaradAchAriar who, however, had connections only in respect of
      Gita BhAshyam and Sri BhAshyam (and not in Rahasya and Bhagavad
      Vishayam) as per the Srimad Andavan Sampradayam. He established
      the Agraharam and is believed to have merged in the Tirumeni of
      Azhagiya Singhar at AhObilam. He wrote SiddhAnta MaNi Deepam and
      Pancha Kaala Deepikai
      His Tanian reads as follows:
      Srimad Sataari Muni Paada Saroja Hamsam
      Srimad Paraankusa Tapodhana Labda bodham /
      Sriman Nrisimha Varadaarya Dyaava Labdam
      Srimad Paaraankusa Munim Pranathosmi Nityam //
      � I bow constantly at the feet of ParAnkusamuni, who was like a swan at the
      lotus feet of ParAnkusa (NammazhwAr) who got enlightenment from the great
      Tapasvi, ParAnkusa (also NammazhwAr) and who got initiated into Dvayam by
      Nrisimha VaradArya�
      4. Learn our Sampradayam the easy way
      (Course for Kids) Grade 1 for Beginners
      Lesson 9: Right Path
      (Anbil Ramaswamy)
      (Based on the Tamil original by Sri Seva Swami)
      A person who wants to travel from one place to another has to take the road
      that will lead to the destination. There may be more than one road starting
      from the starting point. Some may be good; some others may be bad. In the
      former, there will be no cause for fear of any kind, no needless meandering,
      and no anxiety whether it is the proper route etc
      The bad ones may have one or more of these in varying degrees.

      It is always to take a brightly-lit path avoiding those that are poorly lit
      and steeped in darkness. In a well-lit road, a person can travel alone; Dark
      ones may pose danger even for a group moving gregariously. A royal road will
      be a Broadway whereas a bye lane may have potholes, thorns, stones and even
      glass pieces besides danger of thieves lurking in the dark. Short cuts, side
      lanes and bye lanes may appear attractive but they are usually unreliable.
      The same may be the case with a new path one might discover.

      Similarly, to lead our lives peacefully, Saastras have shown us some beaten
      paths; paths tread by Maharishis and wise old forefathers. People who have
      followed these have been found to reach their destinations safe and sound
      and have set precedents for others to follow.

      Rivers swollen with flash floods may appear to create newer paths but we can
      never be sure where they will lead us. When there is high tide, waters might
      submerge all paths known and unknown. When dried up, they may show up new
      roadmaps with numerous new paths most of that may only be illusory. Newer
      paths are invented by evanescent Godmen who appear and disappear like these
      flash floods and present them as the real ones and they will also quote from
      scriptures to substantiate their arguments like �devil quoting the
      scriptures�. We should not fall for these gimmicks, if we are to reach our
      true destination.

      The path tread by our AzhwArs, AchAryas and our forefathers is truly safe
      and will surely lead us to our ultimate spiritual destination of Moksha.
      Swami Desika confirms this by saying �Thol Vazhiye Nal Vazhi�. This is the
      path shown to us by Geethaachaaryan, Lord Krishna himself, by AzhwArs, by
      our AchAryas, by our elders. This is the path Swami Desikan recommends. Let
      us follow this path and attain salvation.
      1. What is the difference between good and bad paths?
      2. Which path is free from fear?
      3. What benefit can be gained by following the path shown by the Saastras?
      4. Who said �Thol Vazhiye Nal Vazhi�?
      5. Can we follow paths created by flash floods?
      6. Who taught us the good path to salvation�
      5. �Sri Vaishnava Sampradayam- 2� � Sri D. Soundararajan Swami, Editor,
      �Sri Kanchi Perarulalan� of �Sri Hayagriva Vidya PeeTam�
      6. What are Vaideeka Mathams?
      Those philosophies which accept the authority of the Vedas are called
      Vaideeka mathams. These are
      (1) Advaitam (2) Dvaitam and (3) VisishTAdvaitam.
      (1) Advaitam: This is based on the interpretations of Aadhi Sankara. Those
      who follow this are called �Advaitins� and their philosophy is �SmArta
      (2) Dvaitam: This is based on the interpretations of Sri Aanandatheertha,
      the founder of �MAdva matham�. His followers are called �Dvaitins�
      (3) VisishTAdvaitam: These rare based on the interpretations of Bhagavad
      RamAnuja faithfully based on Sage BOdhAyana�s �Vritti� on Sage VyAsa�s
      �Brahma Sutram�. His followers are called �VisishTADvaitins� and their
      philosophy is called �Srivaishnava SampradAyam�.

      It is this Vaideeka matham that was flourishing from the days of the Vedas
      as can be seen from the commonality of Gotrams and Pravarams among these
      three. It is also seen that before the advent of Adhi Sankara, this Vaideeka
      matham was a wholesome whole without any differences.

      Due to the emergence of other faiths started in the names of individuals
      like Christianity after Christ, Islam after Mohammed Nabi, Budddhism after
      Gautama Buddha, Jainam after MahAveera etc., the foreigners (who came to
      trade but remained to rule us) had to find a term to denote our Vaideeka
      matham. As our land was known as India (named after River Sind), it was
      convenient for them to call our Vaideeka matham as �Hinduism� and those who
      followed its philosophy the �Hindus�. Thus, in effect, Hinduism is not the
      name of a religion but of a region who followed a way of life according to
      their holy Scriptures called the Vedas.

      Sri Sudarsana Soori (a disciple of NaDAdur vAtsya varadAchArya SwAmi) wrote
      an explanatory work called �SrutaprakAsika�. Swami Desika wrote another
      called �TattvaTeekA� and the Tiruvoimozhi of Sri NammAzhwAr representing the
      3rd thousand of the 4000 holy collects is the essence of the meaning of
      Vedanta for which �TirukkurugaippiLLAn� wrote his �Thiru AarAyirappaDI�
      (To Continue)

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