- copyrighted June 6, 2013 Ethnic cleaning by the US in expelling Germans after WWII from Czechoslovakia and Poland An estimated 500,000 people died in theMessage 1 of 1 , Jun 6, 2013View Source
copyrighted June 6, 2013
Ethnic cleaning by the US in expelling Germans after WWII from Czechoslovakia and Poland
An estimated 500,000 people died in the course of the organized expulsions. These were survivors that were left in Allied-occupied Germany. They were deposited among the ruins of Allied-occupied Germany to fend for themselves as best they could. The number who died as a result of starvation, disease, beatings, or outright execution is unknown, but conservative estimates suggest that at least 500,000 people lost their lives in the course of the operation. This took place by order of the United States and Britain as well as the Soviet Union, nearly two years after the declaration of peace.
Between 1945 and 1950, Europe witnessed the largest episode of forced migration, and perhaps the single greatest movement of population, in human history. Between 12 million and 14 million German-speaking civilians--the overwhelming majority of whom were women, old people, and children under 16--were forcibly ejected from their places of birth in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia, and what are today the western districts of Poland.
Tens of thousands perished as a result of ill treatment while being used as slave labor (or, in the Allies' cynical formulation, "reparations in kind") in a vast network of camps extending across central and southeastern Europe--many of which, like Auschwitz I and Theresienstadt, were former German concentration camps kept in operation for years after the war.
Culturally this program in effort eradicated every trace of hundreds of years of German presence. Thousands of Western officials, servicemen, and technocrats took a full part in carrying out this ethnic cleaning. Colonel John Fye, chief US liaison officer for expulsion affairs to the Czechoslovak government stated that the operation he had helped carry out, he acknowledged, drew in "innocent people who had never raised so much as a word of protest against the Czechoslovak people."
The philosopher Bertrand Russell acidly inquired: "Are mass deportations crimes when committed by our enemies during war and justifiable measures of social adjustment when carried out by our allies in time of peace?" A still more uncomfortable observation was made by the left-wing publisher Victor Gollancz, who reasoned that "if every German was indeed responsible for what happened at Belsen, then we, as members of a democratic country and not a fascist one with no free press or parliament, were responsible individually as well as collectively" for what was being done to noncombatants in the Allies' name.