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Jan. 1977 to Dec. 1980 The Pres. Carter Years part 3

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  • DickM
    The Pres. Jimmy Carter Years - Jan. 1977 to Dec. 1980 In 1962 Jeane Kirkpatrick became professor of political science at Georgetown University. She
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      The Pres. Jimmy Carter Years   -   Jan. 1977 to Dec. 1980

       

       

          In 1962 Jeane Kirkpatrick became professor of political science at Georgetown University. She contributed to a large number of journals on the theme of communist subversion. Although she was a member of the Democratic Party she continued to hold extreme right-wing views. In response to the campaigns of George McGovern and Eugene McCarthy, Kirkpatrick helped establish the Coalition for a Democratic Majority. Kirkpatrick later stated that the purpose of this organization was to "reclaim the party from its anti-war, anti-growth and anti-business activists".

           Kirkpatrick supported the nomination of Henry Jackson as the 1976 Democratic candidate. She was appalled when Jimmy Carter won the nomination. Over the next few years she emerged as Carter's main critics. Kirkpatrick argued strongly against the president's emphasis on civil rights.

       

           In 1979 Kirkpatrick wrote an article for Commentary, a publication backed by the American Jewish Committee. Entitled Dictatorships and Double Standards, it argued that right-wing "authoritarian" governments, such as those in Argentina, Chile and South Africa, suited American interests better than left-wing regimes. She criticised the emphasis placed on human rights by Jimmy Carter and blamed it for undermining right-wing governments in Nicaragua and Iran. She went onto argue that right-wing dictatorships were reliably pro-American. She therefore proposed that the US government should treat authoritarian regimes much more favourably than other third world governments.

      http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=8800

       

            It appears the Team B outfit started under Pres. Ford and CIA Director Bush continued in the new Carter administration.   DCIA Admiral Stansfield Turner stated, "Team B was composed of outsiders with a right-wing ideological bent... When (Team) B felt frustrated over its inability to prevail, one of its members leaked much of the secret material of the proceedings to the press."

           The RAND Corporation analyst Albert Wohlstetter  supported the creation of Team B.  Team B consisted of a group of anti-Soviet professors and polemicists who were convinced that the CIA was "far too forgiving of the Soviet Union."  With that in mind, they were authorized to review all the intelligence that lay behind the CIA's National Intelligence Estimates on Soviet military strength.

       

           Former Senator Gary Hart (D-CO) stated "The Pro-B Team leaks and public attack on the conclusions of the National Intelligence Estimate represent but one element in a series of leaks and other statements which have been aimed as fostering a `worst case' view for the public of the Soviet threat. In turn, this view of the Soviet threat is used to justify new weapons systems.   As a result by the end of the Reagan administration the US national debt had increased by some $3 trillion. [Quarterly Journal of Speech, 5/2006)

       

            Former CIA Deputy Director Ray Cline of the Intelligence Directorate said Team B had subverted the National Intelligence Estimate on the USSR by employing "a kangaroo court of outside critics all picked from one point of view."

      [Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 4/1993; Common Dreams (.org), 12/7/2004; BBC, 1/14/2005; Quarterly Journal of Speech, 5/2006  ; Unger, 2007, pp. 53-57]

       

           In early 1976, the members of Team B, a neoconservative/hard line anti-commie group of outside "analysts" argued Soviet military threats and intentions against the conclusions of a group of young, mid-level CIA and DIA analysts, informally dubbed "Team A."   The debate is a disaster for the CIA's group and the truth about the Soviet threat.

       

            Team B the highest ranking military and CIA  leaders with established reputations such as Richard Pipes and  Paul Nitze co-founders of Team B, Lieutenant General John Vogt, USAF, Brigadier General Jasper Welch, Jr., USAF,  Lt. Gen. Daniel Graham and Paul Wolfowitz   They intimidated, overwhelmed, and browbeat the younger, more inexperienced CIA analysts. "People like Nitze ate us for lunch," recalls one member of Team A. "It was like putting Walt Whitman High versus the [NFL's] Redskins. I watched poor GS-13s and GS-14s [middle-level analysts with modest experience and little real influence] subjected to ridicule by Pipes and Nitze. They were browbeating the poor analysts."

       

            In 1961 President Kennedy appointed Nitze Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs and in 1963 he became the Secretary of the Navy, serving until 1967.  Nitze  served as the Deputy Secretary of Defense (1967-1969), as a member of the U.S. delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) (1969-1973), and Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Affairs (1973-1976).

       

           Howard Stoertz, the national intelligence officer who helped coordinate and guide Team A, will say in hindsight, "If I had appreciated the adversarial nature (of Team B), I would have wheeled up different guns." Team A had prepared for a relatively congenial session of comparative analysis and lively discussion; Team B had prepared for war.


           Neither Howard Stoertz Jr. nor anyone else in the CIA appreciated how thoroughly Team B would let ideology and personalities override fact and real data.   Stoertz worked for the CIA from 1949 to 1980.  He was on the CIA National Estimates Staff from the mid-1950s until the mid-1960s.  In his last position he was the national intelligence officer for strategic programs which analyzed Soviet capabilities.   He served as director of the CIA's Imagery Analysis Service and as special assistant to the director of central intelligence for strategic arms limitation.

       

           Team A is wholly unprepared for B's assault on their reliance on facts, a line of attack the CIA analysts find incomprehensible. "In other words," author Craig Unger will write in 2007, "facts didn't matter."  Pipes, the leader of Team B has argued for years that attempting to accurately assess Soviet military strength is irrelevant. Pipes said that because it is irrefutable that the USSR intends to obliterate the US, the US must immediately begin preparing for an all-out nuclear showdown, regardless of the intelligence or the diplomatic efforts of both sides. Team B is part of that preparation. [Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 4/1993; Unger, 2007, pp. 53-57]

       

            Intelligence expert John Prados, said that while the CIA analysts believe in "an objective discoverable truth," the Team B analysts engaged in an "exercise of reasoning from conclusions" that they justify, not in factual, but in "moral and ideological terms." According to Prados's analysis, Team B had no real interest in finding the truth. Team B's intent in author J. Peter Scoblic's words, "choose whichever truth they found most convenient." [Scoblic, 2008, pp. 98]

           Team B writes the entire Soviet plan titled Fighting and Winning a Nuclear War and this report goes on to say, hinges on its willingness to fight a nuclear war, and its absolute belief that it can win such a war…."[Scoblic, 2008, pp. 94-95]


           One example that comes up during the debate is Team B's assertion that the USSR has a top-secret non acoustic antisubmarine system. While the CIA analysts struggle to point out that absolutely no evidence of this system exists, Team B members conclude that not only does the USSR have such a system, it has probably "deployed some operation non acoustic systems and will deploy more in the next few years." The absence of evidence merely proves how secretive the Soviets are, they argue. [Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 4/1993; Unger, 2007, pp. 53-57]

       

           Anne Cahn who will serve in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency in the Carter administration said, "They couldn't say that the Soviets had acoustic means of picking up American submarines, because they couldn't find it. So they said, well maybe they have a non-acoustic means of making our submarine fleet vulnerable. But there was no evidence.

      Cahn stated: "I mean, they looked at radars out in Krasnoyarsk and said, `This is a laser beam weapon,' when in fact it was nothing of the sort.… And if you go through most of Team B's specific allegations about weapons systems, and you just examine them one by one, they were all wrong.… I don't believe anything in Team B was really true." [Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, 4/1993; Common Dreams (.org), 12/7/2004; BBC, 1/14/2005]


           Team B also hammers home warnings about how dangerous the Soviets' Backfire bomber is. Later—too late for Team A—the Team B contentions about the Backfire's range and refueling capability are proven to be grossly overestimated; it is later shown that the USSR has less than half the number of Backfires that Team B members loudly assert exist (500 in Team B's estimation, 235 in reality).

       

          Team B's assertions of how effectively the Soviets could strike at US missile silos are similarly exaggerated, and based on flawed assessment techniques long rejected by the CIA. The only hard evidence Team B produces to back their assertions is the official Soviet training manual, which claims that their air-defense system is fully integrated and functions flawlessly. The Team B analysts even assert, without evidence, that the Soviets have successfully tested laser and charged particle beam (CPB) weapons.    The facility at Semipalatansk that is supposedly testing these laser weapons for deployment is in reality a test site for nuclear-powered rocket engines. [Scoblic, 2008, pp. 96]


           Cahn will say of Team B's arguments, "All of it was fantasy.… If you go through most of Team B's specific allegations about weapons systems, and you just examine them one by one, they were all wrong." The CIA lambasts Team B's report as "complete fiction."

      http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=ray_cline

       

           In 1957 John Paisley was placed in charge of the CIA's Electronic Equipment Branch, Industrial Division.    In 1959 Paisley spent a great deal of time in Eastern Europe where he analyzed developments being made in Soviet technology. According to author Joseph Trento, Paisley joined the CIA's inner circle: "Using the new technology of spy satellites, eavesdropping satellites and listening posts, Paisley combined that electronic data with information from agents in place to give startling new pictures of Soviet society."  In the early 1960s, the Office of Strategic Research (OSR) rejected the idea that the Soviet Union had dramatically closed the "missile gap" posing a serious nuclear threat to the United States.  In 1969, Richard Nixon and Henry Kissenger began putting the OSR under pressure to publish exaggerated estimates in order to justify increased military spending in the United States.

       

           Kissenger was very interested in "how hundreds of pounds of enriched uranium were transferred illegally to Israel to seed their nuclear weapons program". Angleton had been the man responsible for this and feared that if this story was discovered, he would be sacked from the CIA.

       

          In 1971 John Paisley began organizing sex parties in Washington. Along with CIA colleague, Donald Burton, Paisley formed the Rush River Lodge Corporation.   Burton was Chief, Military-Economic Analysis Center, Office of Strategic Research.  According to Trento, "Burton and Paisley staged several sex parties at the lodge." Those who attended these parties included politicians and journalists. Burton admitted that a "high-level Nixon appointee enjoyed tying up women and beating them" at these parties. Another person who attended was the beautiful Hana Koecher, an agent with the Czech intelligence service.  "In a December 1979 telephone interview, Watergate investigation journalist, Carl Bernstein stated, "I may have attended the parties, but I never met anyone named John Paisley'. Half a dozen Paisley intimates place Bernstein and Paisley at the same sex parties beginning as early as 1971."

       

           Paisley functioned as the official CIA liaison to the White House Special Investigative unit, nicknamed "the Plumbers."   Paisley, along with Howard Osborne of the CIA's Deputy Director Office of Security, met Kissinger's aid, David Young, at CIA Headquarters in Langley on August 9, 1971.   I would like to add that one of the alleged reasons for the Watergate burglary was to find out about how much the Democrats knew about sex parties.

       

           In March 1973, James Schlesinger became director of the CIA. According to Donald Burton, stated that "Schlesinger told Paisley that he did not like Office of Strategic Research's Soviet threat estimates and wanted them changed".  Paisley ignored Schlesinger's orders.  According to Sam Wilson, as Deputy Director, Paisley and CIA Director William Colby became very close. Paisley officially retired from the CIA in 1974, but in reality Paisley continued to work for the CIA. He carried out several highly secret assignments where he reported directly to Colby.

       

          In January 1976, Paisley was brought out of retirement to become the CIA 'coordinator' for the B Team. It was Paisley who would control the documents that they saw and the information they received.  It was the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) that wanted Team B and wrote a letter to President Gerald Ford proposing it in August 1975. 

       

           David S. Sullivan, a member of the CIA's Office of Strategic Research (Team A), came to the conclusion that Paisley had been put into place to prevent the B Team from seeing important classified material.  Paisley held left-wing political opinions (in terms of human rights and the lawful actions of the CIA.   As a result, Sullivan began leaking classified documents concerning the SALT 1 negotiations to Richard E. Pipes and General Daniel O. Graham.   He also passed documents to Richard Perle, who at that time was working for Senator Henry Jackson. 

       

           In December, 1976, the CIA claimed that right-wing members of the B Team had leaked classified documents to the New York Times and in doing so had compromised national security. Daniel Graham of Team B, reacted to these charges by claiming that the leaks had come from John Paisley, who he described as a "weepy liberal who was too soft on the Soviets".

       

           Paisley continued to do work for the CIA and records show that Paisley briefed Stanfield Turner in 1977 and 1978. Paisley's address book included both Turner's home and White House telephone numbers.  In May 1978 Paisley began working for the Washington private accounting firm, but the CIA was actually paying his $36,000 salary, rarely showed up for work at this private accounting firm,  and he had a telephone number at CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia.

      (Source John Simkin  July 2, 2006 at http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=3017

       

       (Source:  my chapter of this book, titled The Real Cover-up of Watergate)

       

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           CIA lied to Pres Carter and told him there was an oil shortage and that the Soviets would have to invade the Middle East to get oil. The plan was to change Pres. Carter's mind about increasing defense spending and for him to give military aid to Arab countries hostile to Israel. During Pres. Carter's term, the oil shortage was engineered by US oil companies. (Source: The Secret War Against the Jews, by Loftus, John, New York: St Martin's Press)

       

       

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          After Pres. Carter won election and Admiral Stansfield Turner became director of the CIA. Under Carter's direction, Admiral Turner began to dismantle large parts of the CIA's covert (direct action) operations apparatus (laying-off CIA officers, who numbers had grown massive during the Vietnam War).

       

           Zbigniew Brzezinski, serve as perhaps the most powerful man in President Carter's administration (1977-1980) serving as the president's national security adviser, responsible for maintaining America's national security.  Brzezinski is reported to be a supporter of the Trilateral Commission was established in 1973.   Its founder and primary financial supporter was David Rockefeller, longtime chairman of the Rockefeller family-controlled Chase Manhattan Bank.

       

           The Bilderberg group is similar to the Trilateral Commission in that it is funded and heavily influenced by the Rockefeller empire and composed of international financiers, industrialists, media magnates, union bosses, academics and political figures.  The much older Bilderberg group's membership is strictly limited to participants from the United States, Canada and Western Europe - the NATO alliance.

          The Trilateral commission was unique, though, in that it brought the Japanese ruling elite into the inner councils of the global power brokers, a recognition of Japan's growing influence in the world economic and political arena.

      http://www.riksavisen.no/?cat=19&paged=5

       

           After President Carter appointed Admiral Stansfield Turner as DCI, this started a war between the Carter administration and the old boys in CIA's, Clandestine Services (operations directorate) and ran head-on into this rightwing cabal.  Turner made personnel cuts at the CIA which angered many in the CIA. Carter also ordered all CIA operations be conducted with the full knowledge of the ambassador. (The Secret History of the CIA, pgs 427 and 435) 

       

           I am going to try and show how I think the CIA continued to conduct covert operations in violations of Pres. Carter's wishes or without telling him the full extent of private funds being used. 

       

           CIA director Turner, issued a CIA guideline in 1977 that stated: "American church groups will not be used as funding cut-outs (fronts) for CIA purposes and that "no secret, paid or unpaid, contractual relationship with any American clergyman or missionary . . . who is sent out by a mission or church organization to preach, teach, heal or proselytize" will be established by the CIA." A 1975 report by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities concluded that between the 1950s and 1960s, 21 missionaries were used as agents by the CIA.

           A religious charity, World Medical Relief of Detroit, was used by the CIA as a conduit to funnel millions of dollars in secret aid to Laotian Hmongs that made up the CIA's secret army in Laos that fought against the Communist Pathet Lao and North Vietnamese during the Vietnam War. Retired Air Force Brigadier General Harry Aderholt and former CIA station chief in Laos and Thailand Daniel Arnold admitted their role in funneling money to the Hmong through World Medical Relief in a November 1982 interview with the Cleveland Plain Dealer.  http://onlinejournal.com/artman/publish/article_4474.shtml

           Revelations that the CIA granted itself a private waiver to its own 1976 public ruling not to use missionaries as "covers," surfaced as the Senate Intelligence Committee prepared to meet.  (Source:  National Catholic Reporter, March 8, 1996 by Arthur Jones)

       

              After Carter decided to cut the number of US troops stationed in South Korea, Maj. Gen. John "Jack" K. Singlaub publicly denounced the Carter's decision.  Singlaub was chief-of-staff of the United Nations command in Seoul and had spent the better part of his life building up the Korean generals as a solid rock of anti-communism in the Far East.  On March 21, 1977, President Carter immediately relieved him of his command and Singlaub was forced to resign from the army.

       

           Singlaub's efforts had been necessitated by the shocking scandals of the 1970s combined with drastic reductions in "official" CIA capabilities in the Carter years. Until then, the CIA had controlled a huge network of planes, pilots and companies for use in paramilitary situations.  But with the end of the Vietnam War and the public revulsion at disclosures of out of control CIA covert operations, many of those assets (such as the infamous Air America) were dissolved or allegedly sold off.

       

             Maj. Gen. Singlaub had a long history of involvement in covert operations, beginning with service in the World War II Office of Strategic Services (OSS). He had served as CIA Desk Officer for China in 1949 and Deputy Chief of Station in South Korea during the Korean War, In 1964 Singlaub became chief of Military Assistance Command Studies and Observation Group (MACV-SOG) - Operation Phoenix. This was an unconventional warfare task force that oversaw assassination and paramilitary operations throughout Southeast Asia. MACV-SOG now took over Oplan 34-A from the CIA. Shackley, CIA chief in Laos, reported having monthly meetings with Singlaub. According to one report, Singlaub "oversaw political assassinations programs in Laos, Cambodia and Thailand"

       http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=6807

       

           After retiring Singlaub in early 1982 organized an American chapter of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL), called the United States Council for World Freedom (USCWF), This group was connected to Singlaub and Oliver North's off the books (privately funded) covet organization called the "Enterprise" to fund the Contra war against Nicaragua. 


          In 1979, Singlaub worked with others to found the Western Goals Foundation  a conservative private intelligence dissemination network.  Also in 1981 he was the founded the United States Council for World Freedom with a $20,000 loan from Taiwan.  It was the US chapter of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL) based in Phoenix, Arizona. In 1966 WACL was established by the intelligence organizations of Taiwan and South Korea to provide anti-communist propaganda. The chapter became involved with the Iran–Contra affair. Fascists played an important role in the WACL and at least three European chapters of the organization were controlled by former SS officers from Nazi Germany.

       

            The Associated Press reported that, "Singlaub's private WACL group became the public cover for the White House operation" called the "Enterprise."  This raises my suspicion that he played a part in moving the shadow CIA's drug money profits into US anti-war protesters operations and into Republican campaigns.

       

            Singlaub made clear that the United States Council for World Freedom would provide "support and assistance to the democratic, anti-communist Freedom Fighters of the world." Singlaub added: "I am convinced that our struggle with Communism is not a spectator sport. As a result of that view, we have opted for the court of action which calls for the provision of support and assistance to those who are actively resisting the Soviet supported intrusion into Africa, Asia and North America".  Singlaub and former CIA officers Ted Shackley and Thomas Clines around this time came together to form an outfit called the "Secret Team."  

       

             John K. Singlaub formed a new US chapter of WACL, the United States Council for World Freedom (USWCF), became WACL's most active branch. USCWF was founded in 1981 by Singlaub with a $16,500 loan from the Taiwanese branch of WACL and generous support from beer baron Joseph Coors. (28,35) From 1984 through 1986, Singlaub was the chairman of WACL.

       

           I have already discuss how the shadow CIA set up banks to move money and buy arms with the profits they made from drug trafficking profits. 

       

           In June 1945, with US tanks less than 30 kilometers away, General Yamashita, head of the Japanese occupying army in the Philippines, knew the war was lost. He held a farewell party in Luzon province for 175 Japanese chief engineers, in one of the 175 underground tunnel complexes the engineers had constructed. At midnight, with the sake and patriotic singing in full flow, Yamashita (with two of Emperor Hirohito's princes) slipped out and detonated dynamite at the tunnel's entrance. Buried 70 meters underground, the engineers had only the mute company of row upon row of gold bars, looted by the Japanese army from the territories it had conquered in Asia.

       

           Thousands of Allied prisoners of war and civilian slave laborers from Asia were also buried alive in underground caves, tunnels and mineshafts after they had built the hidden treasure vaults. The only people who knew of the secret stashes and were meant to remain alive were the Japanese military tops and the imperial family elite, who intended to recover the booty after the war's end.

       

           Despite the murderous precautions taken to protect the secret vaults, US military intelligence officers discovered their existence and seized billons of dollars worth of gold, platinum, precious gems and cultural treasures from the hiding places. Together with Nazi war loot from Europe, the Japanese plunder was funneled by the US into a secret "Black Eagle Trust, named after the Nazi insignia stamped on gold bullion stolen by the Nazis.

       

           US President Harry Truman set up a secret, high-level government team to launder the stolen assets into 176 bank accounts in 42 countries. In charge was US war secretary Henry Stimson.

       

           Japan's top underworld crime boss, Yoshio Kodama, was made an admiral and put in charge of looting occupied Asia's gangsters. Called "Golden Lily (after one of Hirohito's poems), the operation was headed by the emperor's brother, Prince Chicubi, and managed by some of Japan's top financial figures.

       

           Much of the stolen wealth was taken to Japan, some to pay for the war, but most to slate the greed of Japan's elite. When a US submarine blockade of Japan stopped the flow of loot, it piled up in the Philippines.

       

            Once discovered by the US, its was tapped to finance a post-war Japan that would be an anti-communist bastion in Asia. The Golden Lily loot now financed the clandestine Yotsuya Fund which supported a death squad of Kodama's criminal associates, headed by a US army colonel, which targeted student leaders, liberals, leftists, union organizers, journalists and others who got in the way of the revival of capitalism in Japan.

       

           The Keenan Fund, named after Joseph Keenan, the chief prosecutor in the Tokyo war crimes trials, also drew on Golden Lily funds to bribe witnesses to falsify their testimony so that the reputations of the emperor, right-wing politicians and criminal bosses like Kodama could be refurbished and bolster pro-US and solidly conservative political influence in post-war Japan.

       

           The fund bribed witnesses of Japan's chemical and biological warfare program to commit perjury so that the deadly knowledge they held could be kept secret and passed on to the US military. It also bribed witnesses of the Golden Lily project itself. Making common cause with the Yotsuya Fund, there were violent deaths and suspicious "assisted suicides of those who resisted the bribes.

       

           Both funds were eventually rolled into the M-Fund, which began at a "modest US$2 billion, but grew quickly to be almost 10% of Japan's gross national product by 1950. The profits financed Japan's "self-defence army and the formation of Japan's hegemonic right-wing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP).

       

           The M-Fund paid huge inducements to all LDP factions to support Nobosuke Kishi, who was actively involved in the use of slave labor as a wartime minister (and with a sideline in narcotics since the 1930s), as LDP leader against a less pro-US rival. During his three-year reign as prime minister, from 1957-1960, the LDP received $10 million each year from the CIA, chiefly drawn from the M-Fund.

       

           The CIA also joined in the hunt for undiscovered Golden Lily loot in the decades after the war. Treasure hunters from Japan and the US flocked to the burial sites or the seas where treasure-laden ships were scuttled just days before Japan's surrender.

       

           When the Philippines' President Ferdinand Marcos cut himself in on the action after 1965, and he used CIA aircraft, US Air Force planes and US Navy ships to shift the bullion.  He used the CIA's global network of banks (such as the Nugan-Hand Bank in Australia) to provide refuge offshore for the "black money."

       

           US President Bill Clinton continued his predecessors' secrecy surrounding Yamashita's gold. He allowed the CIA to remove Golden Lily documents from declassified US records on the war in Asia, to avoid embarrassment for Washington.

       

           Swiss banks remain some of the major repositories and beneficiaries of the loot stolen by Japanese regime (and the Nazis). They cashed in on Switzerland's neutrality during the war.

       

           One Swiss bank holds more than $190 billion (bigger than Microsoft's Bill Gates' net worth) in a covert US government account, the Seagraves report. US banks also have had their fingers deep in the golden pie, including the Chase Manhattan Bank, the Bank of America, Wells Fargo Bank and Citibank. Just as Swiss banks have denied for decades that they were sitting on, and turning a huge profit from, gold stolen from Holocaust victims, so US banks clammed up about Yamashita's gold, hoping to wait out the death of potential claimants.

       

           "Black gold was secretly put to work by all US presidents to "interfere in the political life of sovereign nations, to buy elections, to undercut the rule of law, to control the media, to carry out assassinations, in short to impose America's will, write the Seagraves. It was used by the CIA to manipulate post-war elections in Italy, Greece and Japan, to fund the dictator Diem in South Vietnam, to spread anti-communist propaganda during the Cold War, and to reinforce the treasuries of Washington's anti-communist allies.

      (America's Secret Recovery Of Yamashita's Gold by Sterling and Peggy Seagrave, 2003)

      http://www.rense.com/general49/sece.htm

      http://www.greenleft.org.au/back/2004/572/572p21.htm

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