History of Some Mysterious Deaths Part one
Some history of mysterious deaths
Secretary of the Navy, Frank Knox, wanted to move the Navy out and set up a defense perimeter around the islands. James Vincent Forrestal, Undersecretary of the Navy, also wanted to act defensively. President Roosevelt put Powell, Knox and Forrestal under armed Marine guard until after the Pearl Harbor attack. He sent a message to Lt. Col. Clifford M. Andrew, Intelligence officer at Army Intelligence in Hawaii, which read: "The Japanese will attack, do not prepare defenses, we need the full support of the American Nation in a war time effort by an unprovoked attack upon the Nation."
He was Undersecretary and Secretary of the Navy during WWII, and became the first Secretary of Defense in 1947. In 1949 James Vincent Forrestal's knowledge became a threat to those in power. On March 28, 1949, he was forced out of office and flown on a military plane to Jupiter Island in Florida. From there he was taken to Walter Reed Army Hospital, where he was given insulin shock treatments. He was shielded from all visitors except his estranged wife. On May 22, 1949, he was found hanging by his bathrobe cord out a sixteenth-story hospital window. His death was ruled a suicide, but results of the Army inquest were not made public.
Dr. Frank Olson, a U.S. Army major and chemist died under mysterious circumstances in November 1953. It was alleged that he had plunged from a 13th-floor window of a hotel in New York City, while in the company of a CIA officer, Dr. Robert V. Lashbrook. The CIA was at this time testing how LSD how people would behave who were secretly given a dose of it.
Dr. William Sargant stated he believed Frank Olson had witnessed murder being committed with the various drugs he had prepared. Sargant was a noted British psychiatrist who had worked on secret MI5/MI6 and CIA mind control experiments from the 1940s through the 1970s.
Norman Cournoyer one of Olson's oldest friends and closest collaborators at Fort Detrick, stated that sometime in 1946 or 1947, Cournoyer stated that Olson was an expert in chemical and biological weaponry and worked on interrogation methods, designed to draw information from even the most tight-lipped targets. The drugs and other chemical techniques used in these programs were tied to the most extreme forms of interrogation techniques, often incorporating torture. Olson went to work for the CIA in program of "information retrieval" known as BLUEBIRD and ARTICHOKE and MKULTRA. Olson became the Acting Deputy Director of Security which was the CIA officer that supervised these programs.
But beginning in 1950, according to Cournoyer, Olson began travelling abroad, taking part in live interrogations of "expendables," wartime Nazi criminals, suspected Soviet spies, and double-agents. Conurnoyer stated that Olson told him that he had been eyewitness to more than one murder-by-interrogation. "Frank told me, 'Norm, they went to extremes. Did you ever see a man die? I did. People being interrogated died.' He told me he was going to leave. He was getting out of the CIA." Cournoyer also said that Olson suspected that the United States had used biological weapons against North Korea.
Billie Sol Estes had allegedly been cheating the Department of Agriculture of least $24 million in federal cotton allotments (money for not growing cotton) on land which was underwater. He was eventually found guilty of additional federal charges and sentenced to fifteen years in prison.
In the late 1950s, and during this same period he became involved in Texas Democratic state politics and made political contributions to U.S. Senator and later Vice President of the United States Lyndon Johnson
Estes' local contact at the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, Agriculture Department official in Texas was Henry Marshall. Marshall was investigating the Estes case, and ended up dead on June 3, 1961. Although Marshall's face, hands and arms were bruised and he had been shot five times with a bolt-action rifle, meaning that each shot required a pump to eject the shell, the death was ruled a suicide.
County Sheriff Lee Farmer attributed Marshall's death to carbon monoxide poisoning brought about from a hose attached to the exhaust pipe of his car.
On April 4, 1962, Estes' accountant, George Krutilek, was found dead from carbon monoxide poisoning. Krutilek had been questioned by the FBI about Estes the day before. Two of Estes' associates, Harold Orr and Coleman Wade, were also indicted but died of carbon monoxide poisoning (apparent suicides) before they went to trial. Howard Pratt, manager of a Chicago fertilizer supply company, was also found dead in his car from an apparent carbon monoxide poisoning. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billie_Sol_Estes
The Kennedys were worried over the Estes business, especially when they learned that a Republican congressman was planning to use the Estes business to impeach Johnson.
Relations between the Johnson and Kennedy families had always been tense. During the democratic presidential primary in 1960, when Johnson was in the race for the White House, his staff spread stories that the Kennedy brothers were "cross-dressing homosexuals" and that certain Staff members had photographs from a party in Las Vegas to prove it.
Somebody also broke into the Kennedy doctors' office and ransacked the place and a few days later, Texan John Connelly, a Johnson supporter held a press conference to announce that Kennedy had Addison's disease and would not live long enough to fulfill his term.
When the Estes mess was erupting, the Bobby Baker scandal exploded.
Bobby Baker, 34, he was personnel secretary to the Majority leader and was a major power on Capitol Hill and was known, rightfully, as the 101st Senator of the United States.
Starting in the 1950s, Baker became Johnson's protégée, or "Little Lyndon" as he was sarcastically called. Barker started working with the mafia when he tried to get Intercontinental Hotels Corporation, owned by Pan American Airlines, a casinos for them in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
Baker met with mobster Ed Levison, brother to the infamous Louis "Sleep-Out Louie" Levenson, who was the original manager of Myer Lansky's casino, the Havana Riviera in Cuba, and was now running the Fremont in Las Vegas which was secretly owned by Tony Accardo, Sam Giancana and Paul Ricca. Baker and the Levenson brothers had been involved in a series of questionable business deals over the years, in fact Sleep-Out Levenson consigned a $175,000 business loan for Baker a few months before the meeting.
It was probably at this meeting that Baker convinced Giancana that the Dominican Republic, which on the surface anyway, looked stable enough, could be the mob's replacement for Cuba.
In December of 1961, at a pre-inaugural party, Bobby Baker and Vice President Johnson had met with Levenson and mobster Benny Sigelbaum and Johnson's neighbor, lobbyist Fred Black and formed the Serve-U-Corporation, which would provide vending machines for companies working on federally granted programs.
The machines were manufactured by a Chicago-based corporation secretly owned by Tony Accardo, Paul Ricca, Gus Alex and Sam Giancana and others.
Baker's connection to the Serve-U-Corporation is what caused his life to come tumbling down in October of 1963 when he was forced to resign his senate post after a vending machine contractor named Baker in a civil suit as the person who strong-armed them out of defense contractors' plant when they refused to kick back enough money.
Baker was investigated by Robert Kennedy. He discovered Baker had links to Clint Murchison and several Mafia bosses. Evidence also emerged that LBJ was also involved in political corruption. This included the award of a $7 billion contract for a fighter plane, the TFX, to General Dynamics, a company based in Texas. On 7th October, 1963, Baker was forced to leave his job. Soon afterwards, Fred Korth, the Navy Secretary, was also forced to resign because of the TFX contract. (Korth had only got the job in the first place because of LBJ).
When the Bobby Baker scandal erupted, J. Edgar Hoover told Bobby Kennedy about suspected Russian spy named Ellen Rometsch and her ties to Baker. Within hours, Rometsch and her husband were deported back to Europe. Pres. John Kennedy mostly had been having sex with her.
Hoover had a meeting with Mike Mansfield, the Democratic leader of the Senate and Everett Dirksen, the Republican counterpart. As a result of the meeting that took place in Mansfield's home the Senate Rules Committee decided not to look into the Rometsch scandal.
Robert Kennedy sent La Verne Duffy to West Germany to meet Romesch. In exchange for a great deal of money she agreed to sign a statement formally "denying intimacies with important people." Kennedy now contacted Hoover and asked him to persuade the Senate leadership that the Senate Rules Committee investigation of this story was "contrary to the national interest". He also warned on 28th October that other leading members of Congress would be drawn into this scandal and so was "contrary to the interests of Congress, too".
In 1965, the FBI had placed a bug on Bobby Baker and those bugs were picking up things that LBJ figured the American people didn't need to know, so, on July 11, 1965, President Lyndon Johnson ordered all of the illegal wiretaps planted by the FBI, including every bug planted against the mob, to be shut down.
Nancy Carole Tyler was Bobby Baker's secretary. She lived with Mary Jo Kopechne, who worked for George Smathers. It was later discovered that the home was owned by Baker who used it to hold sex parties for his political and business associates.
Tyler moved back to Tennessee but returned in 1965 to work with Baker as his bookkeeper at the Carousel Motel. Tyler believed that Baker would leave his wife. When he refused, she became very angry and according to Baker, made scenes. This included threats to commit suicide. Nancy Carole Tyler died in a plane crash outside the Carousel Motel at Ocean City on May 10, 1965.
In 1967 Baker was found guilty of seven counts of theft, fraud and income tax evasions. This included accepting large sums of "campaign donations" intended to buy influence with various senators, but had kept the money for himself. He was sentenced to three years in federal prison but served only sixteen months. http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=4332
October 12, 1964: Mary Meyer is shot to death, execution-style, at 12:45 p.m., on a park path by the Georgetown Canal in Washington, D.C. She was a mistress to Pres. Kennedy and it is alleged she got LSD from Timothy Leary and used it with JFK. Just before Cord Meyer (a high ranking CIA officers in charge of operation Mockingbird, died on March 13, 2001, when questioned about who the thought killed Mary Meyer, he said, " Who had committed such a heinous crime? "The same sons of bitches," he hissed, "that killed John F. Kennedy."
Domingo Benavides was an eyewitness to the murder of Dallas Police Officer J.D. Tippit. He described the murderer of Tippit as a man who did not resemble Lee Harvey Oswald. He described a man that looked much different than Oswald. Eddie Benavides was murdered by gun shot in mid-February, 1964 because he bore a strong resemblance to his brother Domingo. Circumstances of his death are vague.
Rose Cheramie told Louisiana police lieutenant Francis Fruge on November 20, 1963 that two men had been travel with from Miami told her that they were "going to kill President Kennedy when he comes to Dallas in a few days." At the time, Lt Fruge did not believer her, partly because she was a heroin addict in the hospital in for treatment from withdrawal symptoms and a prostitute. On September 4, 1965, Cheramie was found dead from a shot in the head by a gun placed against head and fired.
On May 15, 1966, Lt. Col. Clifford M. Andrew, who had received FDR's stand down order at Military Intelligence in Hawaii, was murdered in his home in Tigard, Oregon, by a bullet in the back of the head. http://www.rense.com/general69/advance.htm
David Ferrie was found dead possibly due to head trauma in his apartment on February 22, 1967. In February 22, 1967, New Orleans DA Jim Garrison announced that he was reopening the investigation into the president's assassination. He said that one of his chief suspects was David W. Ferrie. Ferrie was a CIA contract agent and pilot. Garrison placed Ferrie in protective custody, accompanied by a bodyguard in a New Orleans hotel. On February 21, Ferrie was inexplicably released from protective custody before he had completely testified. Ferrie was found dead dead possibly due to head trauma in his apartment on February 22, 1967.
Clyde Johnson was shot to death on July 23, 1969 near Greensburg, LA. Johnson was to have been one of New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison's star witnesses in the trial of Clay Shaw for his alleged role in the murder of President Kennedy. Jones states that Johnson was prepared to testify as to the "personal relationship" between Shaw and Lee Harvey Oswald. Martindale, describing Johnson as "an admitted homosexual," states that he was prepared to testify that he "attended parties at which Shaw, Ferrie, Ruby and Oswald were present."
On February 12, 1969 while in New York, a hand grenade was thrown at Richard Case Nagell from a speeding automobile. After this, Nagell went to New Orleans. He told the DA Jim Garrison that he did not think it would be a good idea for him to testify at the Clay Shaw trial. He then turned over the remnants of the grenade to Garrison and his staff. (p. 436)
Here is the background on Nagell and explains why someone would want him dead.
In 1953, during the Korean War, Richard Case Nagell, 23, attended the Monterey School of Languages. Sometime around 1954, Nagell he was transferred to Army Counter Intelligence Corp and as an officer, he served in both Korea and Japan. His work involved opening the mail of suspected communists with postal inspectors right next to him. They broke into the offices of suspected communist organizations and stole whole file cabinets. (p. 47) It was in the winter of 1955-56 that the CIA first recruited Nagell. (p. 48)
In October of 1962, while Nagell was working undercover for the CIA as a double agent (playing the role of working for the Soviets) and he was told by his Soviet contact that the Soviets had heard that a Cuban group named Alpha 66 had been talking about a plot to kill JFK. The contact asked him to investigate the rumor to see if it was true. If it was to try and ascertain those involved, the method to be used etc. (p. 154)
In September, 1963, Nagell walked into a bank in El Paso, Texas, and fired two shots into the ceiling and then waited to be arrested outside the bank in his car. Nagell claimed he did this to isolate himself from being linked to the JFK assassination plot.
The arresting officer was Jim Bundren. When Bundren searched Nagell one of the odd things he found on him was a mimeographed newsletter from the Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). (p. 2) He also found in the trunk of Nagell's car; a suitcase, two briefcases filled with documents, two tourist cards for entry into Mexico (one in the name of Aleksei Hidel - Oswald's CIA undercover name), a tiny Minox miniature spy camera, and a miniature film development lab.. Nagell also had uncannily resemblance to Oswald.
On the way to the El Paso Federal Building, Nagell issued a statement to the FBI: "I would rather be arrested than commit murder and treason."
Nagell calmed that the Soviets had tasked him to warn Oswald to leave the country because he was possibly being set up as a pasty and if Oswald refused, than the Soviets ordered Nagell to kill Oswald.
Bundren stated that at a preliminary hearing, Nagell related to the officer the obvious: that he wanted to be caught. To which Bundren replied that he knew Nagell was not out to rob the bank.
The following colloquy then occurred:
Nagell: Well, I'm glad you caught me. I really don't want to be in Dallas.
Bundren: What do you mean by that?
Nagell: You'll see soon enough. (p. 3)
As Nagell told author Dick Russell, the CIA was not the only government agency he tried to notify in advance of the murder. He also was in contact with the FBI. In fact, an FBI agent's phone number was in his notebook. But that wasn't all. He also had written down the names of two Soviet officials, six names under the rubric of CIA, a LA post office box for the FPCC, and an address and phone number for one Sylvia Duran of the Cuban Consulate in Mexico. This last was in Oswald's notebook also. (p. 6)
Nagell was charged with armed robbery and ended up spending the next five years in prison. After prison, New Orleans US District Attorney (DA) Jim Garrison was the first person to take Richard Nagell claims seriously. Garrison was the first law enforcement authority with whom Nagell confided in directly. Nagell's information was being reinforced to him from multiple angles and interested in the Cuban exile aspect. Garrison re-opened the case in the fall of 1966.
The day after the Assassination Records Review Board sent Nagell a letter requesting a deposition, he died. 1st November, 1995.
The Most Important Witness, Pt. 2 On the Trail of the JFK Assassins, by Dick Russell
FBI Director Patrick Gray had a reputation for stopping investigations that would lead to possible conspiracies. He halted the investigations of Ruben Salazar's murder in LA. Salazar was a Mexican-American journalist who was killed at the first Chicano-sponsored antiwar protest, by a sheriff's deputy on August 29, 1970. A coroner's inquest ruled the shooting a homicide, but the sheriff's deputy involved, Tom Wilson, was never prosecuted. Salazar had been working on an expose of law enforcement, which would reveal secret alliances among the CIA, the Army, the FBI, California's attorney general and local police authorities.
L.A. District Attorney Robert Meyer received a phone call from L. Patrick Gray--who had recently become acting head of the FBI after J. Edgar Hoover's death--telling Meyer to halt the investigation. Investigative journalist Mae Brussell called Meyer and asked if he would help with her research. She wanted to find out why the Justice Department in Washington was stopping a D.A. in Los Angeles from investigating the killing of a reporter. A month later, Meyer was found dead "of an apparent heart attack" in a parking lot in Pasadena. And L. Mae Brussell also researched the JFK assassination for eight-and-a-half years. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/paul-krassner/remembering-ruben-salazar_b_98635.html
The relationship between Nixon and Bebe Rebozo tightened in Cuba in the early '50s, according to historian Anthony Summers, when Nixon was gambling very heavily, and Rebozo covered Nixon's losses possibly as much as $50,000. Most of Nixon's gambling took place at Lansky's Hotel Nacional. Lansky rolled out the royal treatment for Nixon, who stayed in the Presidential Suite on the owner's tab. The Miami police said Rebozo was an entrepreneur, a gambler and that he was very close to Meyer (Lansky).''
Nixon and Rebozo were very close friends if not lovers. He had a room in the White House and he lived next door to Nixon's Key Biscayne house. Rabozo did business in Florida with at least two of the Watergate burglars, Bernard Barker and Eugenio Martinez.
Former Mafia consigliere Bill Bonanno, the son of legendary New York godfather Joe Bonanno, asserts that Nixon ''would never have gotten anywhere'' without his old mafia allegiances. And he reports that through Rebozo Nixon ''did business for years with people in Florida like Santos Trafficante's Miami crime family, profiting from real estate deals, arranging for casino licensing, covert funding for anti-Castro activities, and so forth.''
So how did a working class guy like Rebozo afford to open a bank? An American-born Cuban, Rebozo was a high school grad whose first big job was as a steward with Pan-American Airways. Later he owned a gas station; got into re-treading old tires for a time; and then purchased a coin laundryfrom which he allegedly ran a numbers racket. Rabozo purchased land in Florida with a reputed front man for Meyer Lansky, Robert Fincher. Telephone records show Fincher was in regular contact with Trafficante and New Orleans mafia boss, Carlos Marcello. Rabozo opened a bank on Key Biscayne, a small island just South of Miami in 1964. The bank reputedly laundered mafia moneymostly the "skim" from gambling casinos in the Bahamas.
Rebozo was a principal secret mafia/CIA go-between in assassination plots hatched by Vice President Richard Nixon against Cuban leader Fidel Castro. He was a big deal in the Cuban exile community in Miami.
The FBI said Rebozo was cozy with Mafia bossesespecially Tampa godfather Santos Trafficante and Alfred ("Big Al") Polizzi of Cleveland. Investigative journalist Anthony Summers notes that, by the 1960s, there was no doubt among G-men that Rebozo was pals with a who's who of the country's major gangsters.
Polizzi was a drug trafficker associated with the Syndicate's financial genius, Meyer Lansky. In 1964, the Federal Bureau of Narcotics (FBN) branded Polizzi "one of the most influential members of the underworld in the United States." Rebozo and Polizzi were partners in developing a Cuban shopping center in Miami.
Castle Bank and Trust Company offshore in Nassau operated as a laundry for both CIA and organized crime funds. (The Strength of the Wolf, p. 373) In 1973 the Internal Revenue Service began what was called Operation Trade Winds, an investigation into money-laundering banks. During its investigation it discovered that some major organized crime was using the Castle Bank. It soon became clear that the bank was laundering CIA funds and drug profits. As a result of Operation Trade Winds, it was discovered that a Richard M. Nixon had an account at Helliwell's Castle Bank.
CIA officer Paul Helliwell job was to hid the connection of CIA funding for covert operations and his banks also handled real estate investments for the Lansky mafia. Resorts International was part of the global CIA-mob connection and it was a CIA front company.
The IRS eventually announced that it was dropping its investigation of Castle Bank because of "legal problems". According to the Wall Street Journal, the real reasons for this was "pressure from the Central Intelligence Agency. http://www.theantechamber.net/index.htm#cs
John Herbert Meier was an employee of Howard Hughes. He got Mike Merhige a job at Hughes Aircraft, not knowing he was also working for the CIA. Merhige asked if Hughes would help finance the campaigns of Senators and Congressmen that the CIA liked (including Gerald Ford).
March 1969: at the Airport Hotel in Miami, Ken Wright (the head of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute) gave Charles Gregory "Bebe" Rebozo a million dollars cash (for Richard Nixon from Hughes). Meier was also there in the room. CIA people were outside everywhere for protection.
In November 1970 Hughes left Nevada and went to Paradise Island in the Bahamas under Daniel K. Ludwig's protection. Ludwig was reported to be at the time to be the third riches man in the world. Ludwig owned an eight-hotel chain called Princess Hotels International and three of them are in the Bahamas.
E. Howard Hunt was the first chief of covert operations for the CIA Domestic Operations Division. Working for this CIA division, Virgino Gonzales, now doing surveillance on Meier, By spring of 1971, Meier had been under surveillance for three years.
Meier discovered the CIA was supplying Hughes with drugs, and wondered if it was effecting his mental state. Hughes had become a codeine addiction probably resulted from recovering from two of his plane crashes in the 1940s.
February 4, 1971: Attorney General John Mitchell authorized the burglary of O'Brien's office at Watergate and publisher Hank Greenspan's office in Las Vegas. Hunt met with a Hughes security man for info on Greenspan's office. The burglaries didn't happen.
Meier told F. Donald Nixon (Richard Nixon's brother) that he gave Larry O'Brien all of his information regarding the million dollars cash given by Hughes. Meier overheard Don telling this to Richard Nixon on the phone. February 8, 1971: Don Nixon asked Meier to help recover damaging information given to Larry O'Brien. Meier said no. February 29, 1971: Meier, George Clifford and Louis Russell met at a restaurant. Russell claimed that the Republicans were planning to break into O'Brien's office in the Democratic National Committee headquarters.
Louis "Lou" James Russell, an old friend of Nixon, died of a massive heart attack on July 2, 1973.
In 1948 Russell a private detective, met Richard Nixon and became his chief investigator into the Alger Hiss case. Later he became a staff member of the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA). Russell also met two other men of importance during this period, James W. McCord and Lee R. Pennington, a member of the American Legion.
Russell worked for Security International, a company owned by James McCord and a former CIA officer named William Shea. He worked at "McCord Associates," a CIA front run by McCord. Lou Russell worked as a private detective for an agency that was helping George H.W. Bush, then chairman of the RNC. It is a rumor that Lou Russell was the fabled "sixth burglar" of Watergate, the one who got away. Russell told his daughter that he believed he had been poisoned.
In March, 1972, Russell purchased $3,000 in electronic eavesdropping equipment from John Leon. Russell's friend, Charles F. Knight, was told that this equipment had been purchased for James W. McCord. This equipment was used to tape the telephone conversations between politicians based at the Democratic Party National Committee and a small group of prostitutes run by Phillip Mackin Bailley that worked their trade in the Columbia Plaza. On 16th June, 1972, Lou Russell told his daughter he had to return to Washington to do "some work for McCord" that night.
June 17, 1972 Watergate Burglars arrested.
John Leon was a friend and associate of Lou Russell. He was collecting statements about Watergate, and was to be the focus of a press conference. George Bush, the chairman of the RNC announced there would be press conference on July 13, 1973. John Leon was to be the star witness. However, Leon suffered a heart-attack and died on the day he was due to appear at the press conference.
John Leon worked as a private detective. In 1960 he was employed by Carmine Bellino to bug the phones of Engelhard Industries for JFK during the presidential election. Leon was later convicted of wire-tapping. By the early 1970s he was running a detective agency called Allied Investigators Incorporated in Washington. Lou Russell was one of the men Leon employed.
Leon claimed that Russell had been a spy for the Democratic Party within CREEP and that he had tipped off Carmine Bellino and the police about the Watergate break-in. Leon claimed that Watergate was a set up and the operation had been sabotaged from within. http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=4685
An article in the Harvard Crimson quotes Felipe De Diego, a Cuban exile who took part in the break-in at psychiatrist Daniel Ellsberg's office, as saying:
"Two burglaries took place at Hoover's Washington home. The first was in the winter of 1972 to retrieve documents that might be used for blackmail against the White House.
"After the first burglary," according to Diego, "a second burglary was carried out; this time, whether by design or misunderstanding, a poison, thyonphosphate genre, was placed in Hoover's personal toilet articles. Hoover died shortly after that."
Thyonphosphate genre is a drug that induces heart seizures. Its presence in a corpse is undetectable without an autopsy. No autopsy was ever performed on the body of J. Edgar Hoover. J. Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI, died on May 1, 1972, a month before Watergate. There is considerable evidence that he may have known about the White House "dirty tricks."
Watergate was a coup d'etat and maybe a reason for all these mysterious deaths
Broadly speaking, Watergate was a coup d'etat which was instrumental in laying the basis for the specific new type of authoritarian-totalitarian regime which now rules the United States. The purpose of the coup was to rearrange the dominant institutions of the U.S. government so as to enhance their ability to carry out policies agreeable to the increasingly urgent dictates of the
Morgan-Rockefeller-Mellon-Harriman financier faction.
The reason why the Watergate scandal escalated into the overthrow of Nixon has to do with the international monetary crisis of those years, and with Nixon's inability to manage the collapse of the Bretton Woods system and the U.S. dollar in a way satisfactory to the Anglo-American financial elite.
In John Dean's testimony in July 1973 before Senator Sam Ervin's Watergate investigating committee, he said: "Last week's newest up-valuation of the West German D-Mark pushed the inflation-soaked Nixon Administration one very large step closer toward 'Watergate' impeachment. There was surging contempt for the government's handling of international and domestic financial problems over the past six months."
Mr. Nixon devaluated of the dollar, a temporary expedient giving a very brief breathing-space to get back to the work of establishing dollar convertibility. Nixon continued his bungling,
suggesting that this devaluation made conditions more favorable for negotiating trade and tariff concessions -- more trade war.
The financiers of the world weighed Mr. Nixon's wisdom, and began selling the dollar at still-greater discounts. The U.S. domestic economy exploded into Latin American style inflation. General commodity speculation reflected a total loss of confidence in all currencies.
As LaRouche points out, it was the leading Anglo-American financier factions which decided to dump Nixon, and availed themselves of the preexisting Wate
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