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772The CIA and the JCS plotted to kill JFK part 2

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  • dick.mcmanus
    Jul 1, 2014
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      This plan called for attacks against American bases, equipment and personnel and involved conducting a terrorist campaign in Miami, other cities in Florida and in Washington DC and blaming it on Castro.    It call for the dressing up of American trained Cubans as Communists to make the attacks on American bases and to manufacture an airplane that looked like a Russian MIG to shoot down a “drone aircraft with the pretense that it was a charter flight carrying college students on a holiday” American airliner.  This plan had to be conducted in the next 9-10 months, “but before Cuba could establish relations with Russia that might ‘directly involve the Soviet Union’“ (JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 96-98)


      Kennedy was not amused. He fixed Lemnitzer with a hard look and "said bluntly that we were not discussing the use of US military force," according to Lansdale's notes on the meeting. The president icily added that Lemnitzer might find he did not have enough divisions to fight in Cuba, if the Soviets responded to his Caribbean gambit by going to war in Berlin or elsewhere.


      Despite the president's cold reaction, the joint Chiefs chairman persisted in his war campaign. About a month after the White House meeting, Lemnitzer convened his fellow service chiefs in "the tank," as the JCS conference room was called. Under his direction, they hammered out a stern memo to McNamara insisting "that the Cuban problem be solved in the near future." That would never be accomplished by waiting around for Ed Lansdale's fairy-tale popular uprising, the memo made clear. There was only one way of getting the job done: "The Joint Chiefs of Staff recommend that a national policy of early military intervention in Cuba be adopted by the United States."


      The Soviets may have believed due to the hawkish attitude within the US military that the US may be planning for a second invasion and this may have been the reason Khrushchev deployed the missiles in Cuba. 


      It is possible the Soviet moles inside the CIA may have learned that the Joint Chiefs of Staff under Kennedy had a “winning strategy” as a top-secret military priority.  One spy or mole who worked inside the CIA was KGB -coded name SASHA.  He was Igor Orlov and he spied on the US from 1945 until he wasn’t uncovered as a until 1978. (The Secret History of the CIA, p. 475)


      President Kennedy had repeated clashes with Gen. LeMay wanted to do a first nuclear attack on Russia before they built up their ICBM and bomber missile forces.  Gen. LeMay also disagreed with Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, Air Force Secretary Eugene Zuckert, and the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army General Maxwell Taylor.  


      During the Cuban Missile Crisis at a meeting of the Joint Chief 1n October 1962, Gen. Curtis LeMay, Chief of Staff of the Air Force, clashed again with President Kennedy and Defense Secretary McNamara, arguing that the Air Force should be allowed to bomb the nuclear missile sites in Cuba and he opposed the naval blockade. Even after the crisis, he suggested that Cuba should be invaded anyway, even after the Russians agreed to withdraw. Kennedy refused and LeMay called the peaceful resolution of the crisis "the greatest defeat in our history. At the time, the US military had a “winning strategy” as a top-secret military priority.


      Kennedy's military advisers, (two of which were General Earle Wheeler Army Chief of Staff, General David Shoup Marine Corps Commandant) continued to press him to do a first strike nuclear attack on the Soviets.  Generals Lemnitzer and General LaMay wanted Kennedy to authorize the use of nuclear weapons in both Berlin and Southeast Asia.    (JFK and the Unspeakable, p. 109)


      On October 26, 1962 the US Air Force launched the test of an intercontinental ballistic missile from Vandenberg Air Force Base to the Marshall Islands.   The Soviet Union could have easily seen this as the beginning of a nuclear attack.  The US forces were already near the top rung of the nuclear war status, Defensive Condition (DEFCON -2).   Also Strategic Air Command airborne-alert bombers deliberately flew past their customary turnaround points.  This was unambiguous threat that Soviet radar operators would certainly have recognized and report.  These events may have been due to chance or bad luck, and things just getting out of hand, as Kennedy feared, or the military was playing very dangerous games to get a war going.  JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 24-29) 


      Unknown to the US, the Soviet field commanders in Cuba had been given authority to launch—the only time such authority was delegated by higher command. They had twenty nuclear warheads for medium-range R-12 ballistic missiles capable of reaching US cities (including Washington) and nine tactical nuclear missiles. If Soviet officers had launched them, many millions of US citizens would have been killed. 






      In the fall of 1962, Pres. Kennedy sent James Donovan to negotiate with Fidel Castro the release of the Bay of Pigs prisoners, so they could return to their families in Miami and elsewhere.   In early April 1963, James Donovan returned to Cuba to negotiate the release of more Bay of Pigs prisoners of war.  Castro raised with Donovan the issue of future US policy.  Castro said, “ideal government was not to be Soviet oriented,” and asked how diplomatic ties with the US might be resumed.    


      In 1962, James Donovan was the Kennedy-backed Democratic candidate for a US Senate seat in the state of New York.  He lost the election to Jacob Javits a Republican, who was originally allied with Governor Nelson Rockefeller.






      On January 17, 1963, President Kennedy presented his proposals for tax reform. This included relieving the tax burdens of low-income and elderly citizens. Kennedy also claimed he wanted to remove special privileges and loopholes. He even said he wanted to do away with the oil depletion allowance. It is estimated that the proposed removal of the oil depletion allowance would result in a loss of around $300 million a year to Texas oilmen.  "Numerous studies showed that the oilmen were getting a tax break that was unprecedented in American business. While other businessmen had to pay taxes on their income regardless of what they sold, the oilmen got special treatment."


      President Kennedy became concerned about people like the Texas oilman, H. L. Hunt were using tax exemptions to spread right-wing propaganda.  A strong opponent of Fidel Castro, H.L. Hunt helped to fund the Cuban Revolutionary Council, a group that worked with the mafia and the CIA in an effort to remove Castro from power. Hunt established the Placid Oil Company in 1935, had a headquarters in Dallas, Texas, and in 1948 a newspaper reported he was the richest man in the United States. It estimated the value of his oil properties at $263 million and the daily production of crude from his wells at 65,000 barrels.


      "An oilman drills a well that costs $100,000. He finds a reservoir containing $10,000,000 worth of oil. The well produces $1 million worth of oil per year for ten years. In the very first year, thanks to the depletion allowance, the oilman could deduct 27.5 per cent, or $275,000, of that $1 million in income from his taxable income. Thus, in just one year, he's deducted nearly three times his initial investment. But the depletion allowance continues to pay off. For each of the next nine years, he gets to continue taking the $275,000 depletion deduction. By the end of the tenth year, the oilman has deducted $2.75 million from his taxable income, even though his initial investment was only $100,000."

      (Source: Cronies: Oil, the Bushes, and the Rise of Texas, America's Superstate, by Robert Bryce)






      Then there was the issue of Pres. John Kennedy signing a virtually unknown Presidential decree, Executive Order 11110, on June 4, 1963. This decree returned to the US Federal government the Constitutional right to create and "to issue silver certificates against any silver bullion, silver, or standard silver dollars in the Treasury."  As a result, nearly $4.3 billion in new "Kennedy Bills" were created through the US Treasury instead of the Federal Reserve System. In 1964, Kennedy's successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, stated that, "Silver has become too valuable to be used as money." The Kennedy bills were removed from circulation.

      The importance of these bills is not to be underestimated. The regular Federal Reserve Notes are created through the Fed who exchanges them for an interest-paying government bond. These "United States Notes" were directly created through the U.S. Treasury and backed by the silver held there.  There was no interest to be paid on these bills by the government (or more correctly, by the tax-payer) to the Federal Reserve.


      On June 10, 1963, President Kennedy made a speech at American University, “the peace speech”.   He was trying to reverse the 18 years of US-Soviet polarization and pressure from the Pentagon for a preemptive strike on the Soviets.  Kennedy’s speech talked about the history of World War II wherein 20 million Russians lost their lives, that millions of Russians homes and farms were burned and sacked, a third of the nation’s territory including nearly two thirds of its industrial base was turned into a wasteland—a loss equivalent to the devastation of everything east of Chicago in the USA.  He said, “Peace need not be impracticable, and war need not be inevitable.” He reiterated the consequences of nuclear war, the fear and dangers of radioactive fallout.   This was the first time since the beginning of the Cold War that any US President had made a speech wherein he spoke favorably about Russia. (JFK and the Unspeakable,  (p. 35, pgs. 42-45, and  p. 51)


      Journalist David Halberstam stated that President Kennedy planned to replace John McCone as CIA Director with Jack Conway, Walter Reuther's chief political lobbyist.  Walter Reuther, vice-president AFL-CIO, who was active in the campaign against the Vietnam War.      In 1940 J. Edgar Hoover stated: "Walter Reuther was one of the Reuther brothers of the CIO, an avowed Communist, who was educated at the propaganda college in Moscow; was sent to this country eight or nine years ago, and was active in the Detroit area." It was suggested to the FBI by one of its informants that Walter Reuther's anti-communism was insincere, and merely a self-serving ruse in his quest for power. Walter Reuther was characterized as a Communist mole within the labor movement. The Communist Party of the United States of America had tried to recruit Walter Reuther, but was unsuccessful. In June 1963, Victor Lasky reported that Walter Reuther had urged United States Attorney General Robert Kennedy to curb the FBI's war on Communism. [NY Journal American 6.5.63]


      After the war Victor Lasky wrote a series of articles on communist infiltration of American institutions.  He was a public relations executive for Radio Liberty (1956-1960), one of the CIA's largest propaganda operations.   Lasky was an important figure in the CIA's Operation Mockingbird.  He was also co-founder and first vice president of The Council Against Communist Aggression and he was also a close associate of CIA director, William Casey.








      Pres. Kennedy moved for a Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.   The Joint Chiefs of Staff declared themselves, “opposed to a comprehensive test ban under almost any terms.”   The Limited Test Ban Treaty outlawing nuclear tests “in the atmosphere, beyond its limits, including outer space, or underwater, including territorial waters or high seas.”   On July 26, 1963, he made a television appeal to the nation for support of the test ban treaty.   On September 24, 1963 the US Senate voted to ratify the treaty by 80 Senators to 19.  (JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 49-54)


      It is interesting to note the high number of open air / or above ground or space based, nuclear test explosion during the period.  Operation Dominic was a series of 36 nuclear test explosions conducted in 1962 by the United States in the Pacific



      October 2, 1962,   Johnston Atoll,    75 kiloton

      October 6, 1962,   Johnston Atoll,    11.3 kilotons

      October 18,1962,  Johnston Atoll,   1.9 megatons

      October 20, 1962, Johnston Atoll,     7 kilotons

      Operation Fishbowl, high altitude nuclear explosion, 147 km altitude, XM-33 Strypi rocket XW-50X1 warhead, no fireball


      October 26, 1962, Johnston Atoll,   410 kilotons  

      Operation Fishbowl, high altitude nuclear explosion, 50 km altitude, Thor missile, W50 warhead, fireball formed, large disruption of ionosphere did not occur


      October  27, 1962, Johnston Atoll,     800 kilotons

      October  30, 1962, Johnston Atoll,    8.3 megatons

      Last US air dropped nuclear bomb


      November 1, 1962, Johnston Atoll,    410 kilotons

      Operation Fishbowl, high altitude nuclear explosion, 97 km altitude, Thor missile with W-50 warhead, dramatic aurora-like effects, extensive ionosphere disruption, radio communication over central Pacific disrupted for over three hours


      November 4, 1962, Johnston Atoll,   between 1 to 40 kilotons

      Operation Fishbowl, 21 km (69,000 ft) altitude, small enough to fit onto a Nike Hercules missile with a W31 warhead, test of a missile defense system, regarded to be the last true U.S. atmospheric nuclear test.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Dominic


      In September 12, 1963, Major General Harold K. "Johnny" Johnson, USA, Assistant or acting deputy chief of staff for military operations, was talking about an estimated 30 million casualties out to a 1968 time frame, and it would be impossible to the US to achieve nuclear superiority.  General Johnson made a further statement, “Each of the strategies used against the USSR would result in at least 140 million fatalities in the USSR and as three million Americans.  Our problem is how to catch more of the Soviet missiles before they are launched…” I assume they did not know about nuclear winter yet. (pgs. 234- 242)






       On May 6, 1963, Pres. Kennedy order 1,000 US troops removed from South Vietnam by December 31, 1963.  On October 11, 1963, Kennedy issued a secret order for a US withdrawal from Vietnam in National Security Action Memorandum (NSAM 263).   Kennedy had decided to pull all of them by the end of 1965.


      Averell Harriman and Roger Hilsman in charge of the State Departments Vietnam Desk, precipitated a decision for US support of a coup against Diem.  They and Henry Cabet Lodge, the Ambassador to South Vietnam, had manipulated Kennedy into supporting a coup by South Vietnamese Generals.  Lodge was a Republican who had run for election to the Senate and lost and was Nixon’s Vice Presidential Candidate in the run for President against Kennedy. The Pentagon and Joint Chiefs dragged their heels on finishing the Vietnam withdrawal plan

      (JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 93 - 94, p. 125, and  p.181).


      In the early summer of 1963, Kennedy had kept his military and CIA advisers out of his discussion on Vietnam.   According to then Assistant Secretary of Defense William P. Bundy, Kennedy consulted on Vietnam with just a few advisers in the State Department and White House, thereby leaving out representatives of the Defense Department, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the CIA.    These advisers knew they had been left out of other key decisions, as Pres. Kennedy had done with his decision on the test ban treaty.  The reason was simple.  Kennedy knew the military-intelligence elite opposed to all his efforts to end the Cold War.  They wanted to win it.   Kennedy felt that his own demise was increasingly likely if he continued to buck his military advisers. (JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 180-186)




      It should be emphasized that prior to Kennedy’s death, Castro views toward Kennedy had been changed due to his trip to Russia and conversations he had with Khrushchev via a letter and during Castro visit with Khrushchev in the USSR from May thru early June 1963. 


      In a secret June 5, 1963 memorandum, Richard Helms wrote that CIA had just received a report that, “at the request of Khrushchev, Castro was returning (from his visit with the Soviet leader) to Cuba with the intention of adopting a conciliatory policy toward the Kennedy administration ‘for the time being’.”   This was not what the anti-communist hawks wanted to happen.   (JFK and the Unspeakable, pgs. 67-69)


      On September 20, 1963, Kennedy gave secret approval for William Attwood, a distinguished journalist, “to make discreet contact” with Dr. Carlos Lechuga, Cuba’s UN ambassador in order to explore a possible dialogue with Castro.   This started a secret dialogue toward an actual rapprochement with Castro.  Castro felt that Kennedy was a man he could talk to.   Castro responded positively, saying it was “a step forward toward reduction of the danger of crisis and war.”  This was going on while the CIA was working to assassinate Castro (Unspeakable, p. 6, p. 70, Unspeakable, pgs. 84- 89)





      The Evidence that the CIA and the Joint Chiefs of Staff were Behind the JFK Assassination. 



      First let me start with a deeper look at Lee Harvey Oswald, who was born in New Orleans on October, 18 1939.  Harvey” was his paternal grandmother's maiden name.   Lee had stayed with his aunt Lillian Murret and her husband when he was a young boy until the time that he was about 2 years old.   The Murret’s daughter, Marilyn D. Murret was about 11 or 12 years old at that time.  When she was questioned after Pres. Kennedy was killed, she stated that she thought Lee’s mother “had to work at a hosiery shop or at department stores and her mother and father kept him.” She said, Lee’s father had died before he was born and his brothers had lived in an orphan home here in New Orleans.

      Marilyn Murret said, “He was adorable, and his personality, he was just--well, he was very bright, you know, very observant, and he was just a darling child….He didn't have the same interests with the other children. I mean, he liked to read, and he loved nature… he read encyclopedias like somebody else would read a novel….he wanted to play ball, and he didn't have the money to buy the equipment…. and I can't remember whether my brothers or somebody gave him some equipment, and he was very appreciative, very thankful, you know. And I mean I guess he couldn't do what the other children did, because he couldn't afford it. I mean he was interested in sports at that time.

      Marilyn heard from others about Lee, “…they ridiculed him at the school. I don't know if it was because of the way he was dressed or not, but I actually didn't see anything wrong with his appearance, and so, he was riding in the streetcar one day, I believe, and he sat next to some Negroes. Well, when he got out of the streetcar, or bus, or whatever it was, these boys ganged up on him, and hit him in the mouth, and loosened his front teeth, I believe. But this I only know from my mother.”  After the assassination, her mother told her that the rumors slandering Oswald as to him being, “always in fights… that she didn't think it was his fault, because she remembered those particular incidents.

      Q:  And he gave no indication of any behavior problems? no indication of any behavior problems?

      A:  Marilyn Murret. No; he was darling.  And very pleasant, you know, not the type of child who if he didn't get his way would start screaming-- never any of that. He was just a very pleasant child.


      (Source: Legend: The Second World of Lee Harvey Oswald , by Edward Jay Epstein, (1978)

       School records of show Lee's admission into the first grade in Fort Worth, TX on October 31, 1945 at age five years and nine months old.  He was present on 82 school days and absent on 15, and received all A's and B's but he had not completed the work of the first grade.  He was enrolled for a second time into the first grade in Covington, LA.  When his parents moved back Fort Worth he was withdrawn on January 23, 1947.  In May 1947 he completed the first grade at a Fort Worth elementary school and got B's in every subject except physical education and health, in which he received A's. In the fall, he entered the second grade in the same school June completed the second grade with a record mostly of B's and A's.

      Lee entered the third grade at the Arlington Heights Elementary School. He remained at Arlington Heights for the entire school year, completing the third grade with a satisfactory record, which included A's in social studies, citizenship, elementary science, art, and music, and a D in spelling. In September 1949, he transferred to the Ridglea West Elementary School, where he remained for the next 3 years. Lee's record at Ridglea is not remarkable in any respect. In the fourth and fifth grades, he received mostly B's; in the sixth grade, B's and C's predominate. He received D's in both the fifth and sixth grades in spelling and arithmetic; in the fourth and sixth grades, C's are recorded for Spanish, which may account for his rudimentary familiarity with that language later on. In the fourth grade his IQ was recorded at 103; on achievement tests in each of the 3 years, he twice did best in reading and twice did worst in spelling.

      Lee is generally characterized as an unexceptional but rather solitary boy during these years. A fourth grade teacher, Mrs. Clyde I. Livingston, described him as a lonely boy, quiet and shy, who did not easily form friendships with other students. But Richard W. Garrett has stated that he was a classmate of Lee in the fourth or fifth grade and found him easy to get along with; he recalled playing with Lee often at school and sometimes walking home together with him. Mrs. Livingston recalled that at Christmas 1949, Lee, now ten years old, gave her a puppy and afterward came to her home to see the puppy and talk to her and her family.

      Lee's relationship with his two older brothers was good but limited by the difference in their ages. He still had a dog, but there were few children of his age in the neighborhood, and he appears to have been by himself after school most of the time. He read a lot, had a stamp collection, and played chess and Monopoly with his brothers. Mrs. Murret remembered that on a visit to her home in New Orleans, Lee refused to play with other children or even to leave the house; he preferred to stay indoors and read (mostly "funnybooks") or listen to the radio. Hiram Conway, a neighbor on Ewing Street, thought Lee was an intelligent child, who picked things up easily.

      In August, 1952 Lee (age 13) moved to New York City with his mother. On March 12, 1953 a school attendance officer filed a petition in court that Lee had been "excessively absent from school" between October and January, that he had refused to register at Public School 44 or to attend school there, and that he was "beyond the control of his mother insofar as school attendance is concerned.”

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