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Folk trade--15

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Apprentice tinkers worked under poor conditions under their gazda ( master ), mainly in Austria and Germany. Sources say that they organized themselves
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 21, 2010
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      Apprentice tinkers worked under poor conditions under their gazda ("master"), mainly in Austria and Germany. Sources say that they organized themselves politically in Vienna, and in 1911 they became members of a Viennese youth organization. In 1910, they had already established their own political organization, named Slovak Social Democracy, in the 10th and 12th districts of Vienna, and met regularly every month. In the 12th district they also had their own cultural center and library. In 1910, tinkers also established an organization in Prague. The social and political center of tinkers in Russia was St. Petersburg.(12)

      It was typical for tinkers to migrate within Europe and also overseas. During their peak period, from the first half of the 18th century to the second half of the 19th century, itinerant traders from Turiec dealing in medical oils, tinctures, and herbs visited almost all of Europe. They worked in the former Kingdom of Hungary, Silesia, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, Austria, Bohemia, Moravia, Transylvania, and Poland. There is evidence that, in the second half of the 18th century, they were also known in France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland.


      H
      All opinions my own


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