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Handicrafts--29

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  • Fedor, Helen
    The European countries and regions from which journeymen came to Bratislava during their travels were not a constant; they changed based on economics and
    Message 1 of 1 , Nov 10, 2010
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      The European countries and regions from which journeymen came to Bratislava during their travels were not a constant; they changed based on economics and social conditions. There were big changes from the 17th to the 19th centuries. In the 17th century, most of the journeymen came from countries and regions to the west of Bratislava, while in the 19th century, most of the journeymen came to Bratislava from Hungary, especially from the areas to the southeast of Bratislava.

      This change did not happen at once; rather, there was a gradual decrease in the number of journeymen arriving from the German-speaking countries. The first reason was probably a lack of individual professionalism[???] and economic motivation due to the German-speaking countries' faster economic development and greater technical progress. Journeymen avoided the more-backward conditions [in Slovakia?] because these led to both economic and educational losses. Another reason was that German journeymen were pushed out of the employment market by a cheaper work force, i.e., journeymen from Hungary, especially from Banat and Transylvania.

      Interestingly, there was a gradual increase in the number of journeymen from Bohemia and Moravia over the course of the 17th-19th centuries. The proportion of journeymen arriving from Bohemia and Moravia increased from 1% to 7% [of the total number?] in the 17th and the first half of the 18th century, and in the second half of the 18th century their numbers increased from 3% [sic] to 19%. In the 19th century, this proportion rose even higher (from 8% to 18%). Typically, the journeymen did not come from big towns, and a considerable number of them came from the Sudetenland [or would "Sudeten Mts." be more accurate?]

      The area from which the majority of German journeymen came to Bratislava was bounded by Wurtemberg, Vogtland, Thuringia, and Saxony in the west; Silesia in the north; Steiermark, Ka:rnten, and Bac~ka in the south; and Romanian Transylvania in the east.(17)


      H
      All opinions my own


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