Different methods of winter breeding developed in areas where winter sheds were built outside the village (Horehronie, some areas of Gemer). Often, branch farms, mainly for the breeding of milk cows, developed and were widespread. Here, the herdsman, who processed the milk, also stayed with the cattle.
Methods of summer pasturing of cattle depended on how pastures were owned. Two main types of pasturing were known in Slovakia: collective and individual pasturing.
The system of collective pasturing developed mainly in villages that had sufficient areas of pasturage and that used the three-field system of farming. In this case, the cattle of the village were kept in common herds. A special herd was composed mainly of cows that were pastured on the village's closest and highest-quality pastures, which eliminated the problem of milking them at noon, and made it possible for them to spend the night in the village. During the springtime, cows were also pastured on meadows and prielohy.
All opinions my own
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]