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Traditional agriculture--44

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Great Moravia presented a similar picture of animal breeding. Cattle were slaughtered at a greater
    Message 1 of 1 , Jul 26, 2010
      Great Moravia < http://www.pitt.edu/~votruba/qsonhist/assets/vm350.gif > presented a similar picture of animal breeding. Cattle were slaughtered at a greater age than pigs, which indicates their use in producing dairy goods and in working as draft animals.

      Tools included short grass scythes and stable forks < http://www.brighteyesandbobtails.co.uk/acatalog/1020_Stable_fork.JPG > for dung. As for plants, vetch (Viciaceae) < http://www.agroatlas.ru/content/cultural/Vicia_sativa_K/Vicia_sativa_K.jpg > was planted, which indicates that peasants in Great Moravia tried to provide enough fodder (hay, oats, vetch) for the needs of more-intensive animal breeding. Thus, the Slavs of the time were already trying to solve the main problem of livestock production during the feudal period: a shortage of fodder.

      During the last years of Great Moravia's existence, a new ethnic element spread among the Trans-Tisa [River] < http://hungaria.org/uploaded/images/20030328-222304.jpg > Slavs-the Magyars, who were pastoralists with a semi-nomadic way of life. They found good pastures for their herds of cattle in the lowlands and along the central flows of larger rivers, often in areas where Slavs already lived. With living space becoming more crowded, mainly after the Magyars' defeat on the Lech River < http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lech_(river) > in 955, this slowly forced the Magyars toward a more-settled way of life, with more-intensive agriculture. In areas with better conditions, extensive grazing was still their main occupation in the second half of the 12th century. This was later reflected in other aspects of life as well.

      All opinions my own

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