- On the territory of today's Slovakia, pictorial documentation gives evidence of screw presses as late as the second half of the 17th century, and recent documentation gives evidence of the use of board presses < http://www.guropia.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/img_2278.jpg > since the 18th century. The same was true of Hungary. Evidence from eastern Moravia and Austria exists from approximately 100 years earlier. The number of wine-making presses of all types increased in Slovakia in the 19th century.
Board presses that used a weight were used in the Male' Karpaty region, where their larger capacity met the needs of the market. Board presses without a weight were widespread on the larger farms of central Slovakia. They were called morda'r or s~otov, and were smaller than presses with a weight. Screw presses are also considered to be board presses because they create pressure similarly. In Slovakia, screw presses were used in some villages near [in the region of?] Novohrad < http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Novohrad.jpg<(http:/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d9/Novohrad.jpg> >, where they had come from neighboring Hungary.
Screw presses, evidence of which comes from western and central Slovakia (and in modern variants also from eastern Slovakia), were more numerous in Slovakia. They responded to the smaller wine-making operations of farming estates.
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