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Traditional agriculture--29

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Growing Vegetables In addition to growing grain, raising vegetables also developed as a part of Slovak agrarian culture rather early, as a separate
    Message 1 of 1 , Jun 29, 2010
      "Growing Vegetables"

      In addition to growing grain, raising vegetables also developed as a part of Slovak agrarian culture rather early, as a separate branch[??]. Based on paleo-botanical, archeological, and historical sources, it seems that vegetables were grown on Slovak territory starting in the early Middle Ages. Feudal estates, trying to become economically self-sufficient, built kitchen gardens as well as fruit gardens. The importance of growing vegetables grew along with towns and larger concentrations of the population.

      Legumes, which had already started to play a role in the three-field system during the Middle Ages (improving the quality of agricultural land), became more and more important. The growth of towns and production centers increased demands on the food supply and created new opportunities to sell crops, among which vegetables were important as a relatively-cheap daily food. It is interesting that, even under these circumstances, vegetables were not grown on a large-scale, even in the first half of the 20th century.

      The most important kinds of vegetables-cabbage, carrots, parsley, garlic, and onions-were grown only for home use in almost all of Slovakia. Some of them were grown only in gardens, while others, i.e. cabbage, were grown on higher-quality land, in so-called kapustniska' or zelnice (cabbage fields). This was land that had top priority for fertilization every year, and was usually situated by a river, for irrigation purposes.


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