Thanks for letting me know, Joe. I'll let my IT people know that their suggestion didn't work after all.
] On Behalf Of Joe Armata
Sent: Monday, June 07, 2010 3:53 PM
To: Fedor, Helen; Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
Subject: Re: [Slovak-World] Traditional agriculture--15
Yup, the last paragraph got truncated for me after "the widespread".
> Let me know if either of the longer paragraphs get cut off.
> H All opinions my own
> "Growing Grain"
> As late as the first half of the 20th century, a common way of sowing
> grain in Slovakia was by hand. A farmer carried the seed in a sheet
> (rozsievka, s~ijac~ka, trakovica, pudrus~a, plachetka) that had four
> strings attached to it. He held two of them in his left hand, while
> the other two were tied around his neck; he used his right hand to
> strew the seed around the field. If the piece of land were wide,
> then seed was strewn after every step, first on one side and then the
> other. On sloping land, sowing started at the lower end of the field
> and proceeded uphill. The density of the grain sown varied: on less
> fertile soils it was usually strewn more thickly. Before it was
> sown, grain was carefully selected and cleaned. Sowing time depended
> on the local topography and climate. Winter grains were usually sown
> September-October, and spring grains were sown after the snow had
> melted and it was possible to prepare the soil. The sown grain was
> then harrowed.
> Sowing machines were used in Slovakia first on country estates, in
> about the 1930s, and also on the wealthier farms in lowland areas.
> In the northern, more mountainous regions, sowing by hand survived
> until as late as the collectivization of agriculture. It was
> considered more economical and did not requite the purchase of a
> drill and a team of animals.
> In addition to sowing on plowed and prepared soil, other ways of
> digging in the seed also survived in Slovakia. In some villages in
> Kysuce <
> > and Gemer, people used to sow rye at the same time as they
> harvested potatoes; they first took out the potatoes and then dug in
> the grain. In Horehronie <
> http://www.iz.sk/images/maps/mapa-region-sr-horehronie.png >, another
> method of sowing survived as late as the first half of the 20th
> century. An area of land was first fertilized by kos~arovanie (using
> sheepfolds to pen the sheep), then digging the land with hoes, sowing
> the grain, followed by running the flock of sheep through the field,
> which not only trampled down the soil, but also pushed the sown seed
> deeper. This method was not unique to Slovakia; during the Middle
> Ages it was widely used in other countries of Central and Western
> Europe. Both of these latter techniques were only supplementary [not
> the widespread
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