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RE: [Slovak-World] Traditional agriculture--15

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Thanks for letting me know, Joe. I ll let my IT people know that their suggestion didn t work after all. H From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
    Message 1 of 3 , Jun 7, 2010
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      Thanks for letting me know, Joe. I'll let my IT people know that their suggestion didn't work after all.


      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Joe Armata
      Sent: Monday, June 07, 2010 3:53 PM
      To: Fedor, Helen; Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: Re: [Slovak-World] Traditional agriculture--15

      Yup, the last paragraph got truncated for me after "the widespread".


      > Let me know if either of the longer paragraphs get cut off.
      > H All opinions my own
      > "Growing Grain"
      > As late as the first half of the 20th century, a common way of sowing
      > grain in Slovakia was by hand. A farmer carried the seed in a sheet
      > (rozsievka, s~ijac~ka, trakovica, pudrus~a, plachetka) that had four
      > strings attached to it. He held two of them in his left hand, while
      > the other two were tied around his neck; he used his right hand to
      > strew the seed around the field. If the piece of land were wide,
      > then seed was strewn after every step, first on one side and then the
      > other. On sloping land, sowing started at the lower end of the field
      > and proceeded uphill. The density of the grain sown varied: on less
      > fertile soils it was usually strewn more thickly. Before it was
      > sown, grain was carefully selected and cleaned. Sowing time depended
      > on the local topography and climate. Winter grains were usually sown
      > September-October, and spring grains were sown after the snow had
      > melted and it was possible to prepare the soil. The sown grain was
      > then harrowed.
      > Sowing machines were used in Slovakia first on country estates, in
      > about the 1930s, and also on the wealthier farms in lowland areas.
      > In the northern, more mountainous regions, sowing by hand survived
      > until as late as the collectivization of agriculture. It was
      > considered more economical and did not requite the purchase of a
      > drill and a team of animals.
      > In addition to sowing on plowed and prepared soil, other ways of
      > digging in the seed also survived in Slovakia. In some villages in
      > Kysuce <
      > http://www.slovensko-privat.sk/domain/slovensko-privat/files/tipy-na-vylet/kysuce/kysuce.jpg
      > > and Gemer, people used to sow rye at the same time as they
      > harvested potatoes; they first took out the potatoes and then dug in
      > the grain. In Horehronie <
      > http://www.iz.sk/images/maps/mapa-region-sr-horehronie.png >, another
      > method of sowing survived as late as the first half of the 20th
      > century. An area of land was first fertilized by kos~arovanie (using
      > sheepfolds to pen the sheep), then digging the land with hoes, sowing
      > the grain, followed by running the flock of sheep through the field,
      > which not only trampled down the soil, but also pushed the sown seed
      > deeper. This method was not unique to Slovakia; during the Middle
      > Ages it was widely used in other countries of Central and Western
      > Europe. Both of these latter techniques were only supplementary [not
      > the widespread

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