- Cultivating land with arable tools was more advanced, and was typical
all over today’s Slovakia in the first half of the 20th century.
We can divide arable tools into two basic groups, based on what they
1. tools that simply dug the land without turning over the soil and
making regular furrows;
2. tools that turned over the soil and made regular furrows.
The first group includes ridging-plows with a slide <
>. The second group includes single-bottom plows <http://www.icollector.com/images/238/3676/3676_1167_1_md.jpg > with
asymmetric plowshares, and reversible plows with symmetrical plowshares
(although this plowshare doesn’t look so symmetrical to me, but I’m a
city girl and what do I know <
Historically, the most interesting tools are the ards <
which were still used in the first half of the 20th century in eastern
Slovakia (Spis~, S~aris~). We resstrict ourselves to ards without
slides (hak, hok, or hik). [I’m not sure what they mean by “slide.”
I’m guessing that English uses a different word.] These are very
similiar to ards from the time of Great Moravia and the period at the
beginning of the Kingdom of Hungary.
The long-standing use of ards in Slovak agrarian culture can be largely
explained by the survival of the three-field farming system in
underdeveloped areas. A narrow ard was easier to use in the first
plowing of a field overgrown with grass than was a heavy plow with broad
plowshares. The ard was also easier to use on steep and
difficult-to-work fields (often full of rocks and roots)--it was lighter
than a plow and put less demand on the team and the plowman.
All opinions my own