"Food and Eating"--7
- “Fruit Dishes”
Wild fruits and forest-fruits [berries?] were always picked and eaten
as nutritious food supplements. Fruit dishes were prepared in areas
where much fruit was grown, and the surplus was preserved. These dishes
were mainly fruit soups, which were cooked from both fresh and dried
fruit. Usually they were eaten with bread or potatoes, and were
considered a fasting meal. The most widespread way of preserving fruit
was drying it. Dried fruit was formerly eaten with bread, and its juice
was served as a drink and sweetener [Was it juiced before it was
dried?]. Another traditional way of conserving fruit was to make fruit
butters without any sugar; in Slovakia, this was made mainly from plums.
Properly made fruit butter lasted for a couple of years, but before it
was used it had to be cooked again. Fruit butter was spread on bread,
mixed with pasta, and used to fill cakes. In folk religion, fruit was a
symbol of health, beauty, and love, and was therefore considered a
Vegetable oils were produced in Slovakia not only for cooking and
healing, but also for lighting. Flax, hemp, poppy, rape [canola], and
mustard were among traditional oil-bearing crops. Oil was also made
from sunflower and pumpkin seeds, from nuts, and in times of shortage,
also from acorns and beech nuts. Until the beginning of the 20th
century, oil was produced at home. Hucksters from the more productive
areas used to go around selling oil [see below]. Vegetable oils
replaced animal fats in cooking mainly during periods of fasting, when
animal fats were forbidden.
QUESTION: Does “huckster” here mean “olejkar”? I posted the
first page (the remaining pages cover Transylvania.) of an article on
“Wandering Healers, Medicine Hawkers in Slovakia and
Transylvania” by Bela Gunda in the _Southwestern Journal of
Anthropology_, vol.5, no.2 (summer 1949), pp.147-50.
> Wild fruits and forest-fruits [berries?]Yes, the word _bobul~ka_ means a berry (edible or not), but it is used only to describe the shape if people need to. The phrase _lesne' plody_ stands for what's commonly meant by "berries" in English.
> Dried fruit was formerly eaten with bread, and its juiceMy guess is that they meant "or," "or" ("and also," "and also"). Drying seems to have gone away if they're still talking about berries here? ("Prune plums" might make it clearer that other plums were not involved, because they didn't grow there.)
> was served as a drink and sweetener [Was it juiced before it was