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RE: [Slovak-World] Lattimer Massacre was 110 years ago

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  • konekta@nm.psg.sk
    This has been ordered/requested by the owners of the mine. Is it known, who they were? Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
    Message 1 of 2 , Sep 3, 2007
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      This has been ordered/requested by the owners of the mine. Is it known, who
      they were?


      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Sinbad Schwartz
      Sent: Monday, September 03, 2007 1:25 AM
      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [Slovak-World] Lattimer Massacre was 110 years ago

      http://tinyurl. <http://tinyurl.com/yos997> com/yos997

      Hazelton Standard~Speaker

      Lattimer Massacre was 110 years ago
      Sunday, 02 September 2007
      By ED CONRAD
      Staff Writer

      One of the most violent events in the history of American labor will
      be recalled next Sunday at the Anthracite Heritage Museum in McDade
      Park, Scranton.

      An illustrated presentation by Richard G. Healey, a professor at the
      University of Portsmouth in the United Kingdom and an expert on
      anthracite history, will mark the 110th anniversary of the Lattimer
      Massacre, which occurred Sept. 10, 1897.

      Nineteen miners were shot to death and 36 more wounded during a
      confrontation with the Luzerne County sheriff and his deputies while
      marching to protest working conditions and wages.

      The strikers, all dressed in their Sunday best, were unarmed and the
      miner in front of the line of march was carrying a large American
      They were on strike from a colliery near Humboldt and were headed to
      the A.D. Pardee & Co. colliery near Lattimer to ask other miners to
      join their cause and go out on strike as well.

      The miners - mostly Slovak, Lithuanian and Polish - had been warned
      earlier by Luzerne County Sheriff James Martin that their march was
      considered an act of civil disorder. That enabled Martin to deputize
      a posse of 87 men who were armed with Winchester repeating rifles or

      The miners were still quite a distance from Lattimer when Martin
      forced them to stop, then read a proclamation banning such
      demonstrators in the county. He then pointed his pistol at the head
      of one of the strikers closest to him.

      Meanwhile, some of his deputies began roughing up a few strikers,
      breaking one man's arm with a rifle butt. But the striking miners
      resumed their march, and the sheriff and his deputies left on trolley

      When the marchers approached Lattimer a short time later, however,
      Martin and about 60 armed deputies again showed up and the miners
      were ordered to disband immediately and go home - or else. But the
      strikers stood their ground.

      It was then that Martin or one of the posse members yelled "Fire!"
      and suddenly a single shot rang out. It set off a volley of gunfire
      and a bloodbath.

      The first striker to be killed reportedly was Stege Urich, a Slovak
      immigrant, who had been carrying the flag.

      Cornelieus "Connie " Burke, who was 11 at the time, witnessed part of
      the massacre and discussed it in 1972 while a very old man.
      "I was too far back to see what actually happened," he recalled. "But
      I could hear the sound of gunfire.

      "When I got up there. Oh, my God! The poor fellows were lying across
      the trolley tracks on the hillside. Some had died and some were
      dying. Some were crying for water.

      "I picked up a little can and carried some water to one of the dying
      miners," he continued. "It was a terrible sight and so much confusion
      existed. Everyone was running in all directions.

      "They searched some of the men who were shot and found they were
      carrying no weapons." It was later determined that one of the
      marchers was armed with a pistol.

      Of the 19 men killed at the site, 14 were Polish, four Slovak and one

      Six of the wounded later died, bringing the final death count to 25.
      Martin and many members of his posse were charged in the bloodshed
      but were acquitted by a county jury.

      The program next Sunday at the Scranton museum, beginning at 2 p.m.,
      will provide the background and context of the period in which the
      Lattimer Massacre occurred.

      Healey began his research on anthracite history in 1978 for his
      doctoral dissertation and has continued his studies to the present

      In remembrance of the event, Healey will present a program
      titled "Railroads, Cartels and Corporate Control: Aspects of Change
      in the Late 19th Century Anthracite Coal Industry."

      He also will be releasing a new book, "The Pennsylvania Anthracite
      Coal Industry 1850-1902: Economic Cycles, Business Decision-Making
      and Regional Dynamics," which is expected to be available for
      purchase at the museum's bookstore.

      The program also coincides with the 138th anniversary of the Avondale
      mine disaster.

      On the morning of Sept. 6, 1869, a fire broke out inside the Avondale
      Colliery, about a mile outside Plymouth, engulfing the mine shaft and
      trapping miners inside. Several other structures, including the
      breaker and engine house, were also set ablaze.

      By the time rescue crews were able to enter what remained of the mine
      shaft, 109 miners had died, many from suffocation. Two rescue workers
      also lost their lives trying to reach the trapped miners.

      Although the disaster eventually led to an increase and improvement
      in mine safety, it also convinced miners to form a labor union that
      eventually became the United Mine Workers of America

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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