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Re: Country Name Changes thru History

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  • Plichta
    Jack, The entire paragraph is a direct quote from The Statesman s Yearbook , Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
    Message 1 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
    • 0 Attachment
      Jack,



      The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
      Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
      1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
      Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
      Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
      recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
      Germain-en-Layne (1919).



      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia



      _____

      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Gergely
      Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



      Frank,

      Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
      interests me. I'd like to know more.

      I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
      subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
      names) was an ethnic area.

      Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
      of, and what territory did it encompass.

      ----- Original Message -----
      From: Plichta
      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
      Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

      Nancy,

      It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
      recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
      (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
      as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
      territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
      the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
      Italy.

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia

      _____

      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Nancy Revak
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

      Frank,

      In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
      the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
      Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
      include both parts to be more accurate.

      Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
      are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
      Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

      Nancy

      --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
      >
      > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
      their
      > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
      origin. Some of
      > the names did not come into existence until years after the
      ancestors
      > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
      > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
      corrections or
      > additions.
      >
      >
      >
      > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
      Name,
      > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
      Slovakia
      > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
      changed
      > from time to time.
      >
      >
      >
      > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
      additions.
      > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
      >
      >
      >
      > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
      formed the
      > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
      >
      > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
      Salzburg,
      > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
      >
      > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
      >
      > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Silesia.
      >
      > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
      >
      > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
      part of
      > Czechoslovakia.
      >
      > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
      >
      > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Slovakia.
      >
      > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Slovakia.
      >
      > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
      Reich.
      >
      > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
      Hungary.
      >
      > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
      >
      > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
      the German
      > Reich.
      >
      > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
      Moravia
      > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
      >
      > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
      >
      > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
      >
      > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
      Communist
      > control of the republic.
      > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
      State
      > Treaty.
      >
      > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
      occupied
      > Czechoslovakia.
      >
      > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
      with
      > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
      >
      > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
      >
      > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      > Frank R. Plichta
      >
      > Galax, Virginia
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      >

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Plichta
      No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as the
      Message 2 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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        No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical
        area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as
        the Kingdom of Hungary.



        The border is very well defined on my "Central Europe in 1812" as well as
        the map of "Central Europe, 1815-1866" which shows both the Empire of
        Austria, Kingdom of Prussia and the Kingdom of Hungary. The source of the
        maps is: "Historical Atlas" by William R. Shepherd, Professor of History in
        Columbia University, Fifth Edition Revised, 1926, New York, Henry Holt and
        Company, printed in Leipzig, Germany. The same maps also appear in the
        Eighth Edition, 1956 published by Barnes & Noble, Inc. New York, printed in
        the U.S.A.



        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia



        _____

        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of konekta@...
        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:43 AM
        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



        Galicia hungarian?

        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of Plichta
        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

        Nancy,

        After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
        included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
        but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
        part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
        to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
        Hungary.

        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia

        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of Nancy Revak
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

        Frank,

        In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
        the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
        Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
        include both parts to be more accurate.

        Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
        are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
        Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

        Nancy

        --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
        >
        > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
        their
        > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
        origin. Some of
        > the names did not come into existence until years after the
        ancestors
        > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
        > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
        corrections or
        > additions.
        >
        >
        >
        > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
        Name,
        > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
        Slovakia
        > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
        changed
        > from time to time.
        >
        >
        >
        > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
        additions.
        > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
        >
        >
        >
        > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
        formed the
        > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
        >
        > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
        Salzburg,
        > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
        >
        > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        >
        > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Silesia.
        >
        > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
        >
        > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
        part of
        > Czechoslovakia.
        >
        > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
        >
        > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Slovakia.
        >
        > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Slovakia.
        >
        > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
        Reich.
        >
        > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
        Hungary.
        >
        > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
        >
        > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
        the German
        > Reich.
        >
        > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
        Moravia
        > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
        >
        > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
        >
        > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
        >
        > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
        Communist
        > control of the republic.
        > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
        State
        > Treaty.
        >
        > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
        occupied
        > Czechoslovakia.
        >
        > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
        with
        > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
        >
        > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
        >
        > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > Frank R. Plichta
        >
        > Galax, Virginia
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        >

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Gergely
        OK, thanks. I ll try to find it. Jack Gergely ... From: Plichta To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM Subject: [Slovak-World]
        Message 3 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
        • 0 Attachment
          OK, thanks.
          I'll try to find it.

          Jack Gergely
          ----- Original Message -----
          From: Plichta
          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
          Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


          Jack,

          The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
          Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
          1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
          Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
          Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
          recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
          Germain-en-Layne (1919).

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Gergely
          Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

          Frank,

          Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
          interests me. I'd like to know more.

          I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
          subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
          names) was an ethnic area.

          Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
          of, and what territory did it encompass.

          ----- Original Message -----
          From: Plichta
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
          Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

          Nancy,

          It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
          recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
          (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
          as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
          territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
          the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
          Italy.

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Nancy Revak
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

          Frank,

          In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
          the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
          Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
          include both parts to be more accurate.

          Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
          are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
          Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

          Nancy

          --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
          >
          > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
          their
          > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
          origin. Some of
          > the names did not come into existence until years after the
          ancestors
          > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
          > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
          corrections or
          > additions.
          >
          >
          >
          > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
          Name,
          > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
          Slovakia
          > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
          changed
          > from time to time.
          >
          >
          >
          > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
          additions.
          > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
          >
          >
          >
          > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
          formed the
          > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
          >
          > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
          Salzburg,
          > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
          >
          > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
          >
          > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Silesia.
          >
          > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
          >
          > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
          part of
          > Czechoslovakia.
          >
          > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
          >
          > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Slovakia.
          >
          > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Slovakia.
          >
          > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
          Reich.
          >
          > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
          Hungary.
          >
          > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
          >
          > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
          the German
          > Reich.
          >
          > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
          Moravia
          > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
          >
          > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
          >
          > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
          >
          > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
          Communist
          > control of the republic.
          > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
          State
          > Treaty.
          >
          > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
          occupied
          > Czechoslovakia.
          >
          > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
          with
          > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
          >
          > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
          >
          > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          > Frank R. Plichta
          >
          > Galax, Virginia
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
          >

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        • vchromoho
          Subcarpathian Rus (aka Carpatho-Ruthenia ): http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia Carpatho-Ukraine:
          Message 4 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
          • 0 Attachment
            Subcarpathian Rus' (aka "Carpatho-Ruthenia"):
            http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html
            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia

            Carpatho-Ukraine:
            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpatho-Ukraine

            From the first link above:

            "In documents generated at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the
            formulation, "territory inhabited by Ruthenians south of the
            Carpathians," was used; in documents from this period produced by
            Rusyn-American immigrants the terms Subcarpathian Rus' and Rusinia
            appeared. It was Czechoslovakia's constitution (1920) which for the
            first time used as an official name Subcarpathian Rus' (Czech:
            Podkarpatska Rus), although in some Czech publications the term
            Rusinsko was employed. Subcarpathian Rus' referred, however, only to
            the new country's administrative unit, basically east of the Uzh
            river (eastern Uzh, Bereg, Ugocha, and Maramarosh counties). Other
            Rusyn-inhabited lands south of the Carpathians that fell under a
            Slovak provincial administration (in western Uzh, Zemplyn, Sharysh,
            and *Spish counties) gradually came to be known as the Preshovs'ka,
            Priashovs'ka Rus', or the *Presov Region. Ukrainian emigres who
            settled in Subcarpathian Rus' after 1919 used a wide range of names,
            including Pidkarpats'ka Rus' (Subcarpathian Rus'), Prykarpats'ka
            Ukraina (Ukraine near the Carpathians), Zakarpats'ka Ukraina
            (Ukraine beyond the Carpathians), Karpats'ka Ukraina (Carpatho-
            Ukraine), and even the vague term Sribna Zemlia (The Silver Land).
            After Czechoslovakia introduced a new territorial-administrative
            reform (July 1927) the republic was divided into four lands, the
            farthest east of which received the formal designation, Zeme
            podkarpatoruska (The Subcarpathian Land).

            When, on October 11, 1938, the province was given its own autonomous
            government, Subcarpathian Rus' became again the official name as
            entered into Czechoslovak constitutional law (November 22, 1938)."

            --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, "Gergely" <gergely@...> wrote:
            >
            > OK, thanks.
            > I'll try to find it.
            >
            > Jack Gergely
            > ----- Original Message -----
            > From: Plichta
            > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
            > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
            > Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History
            >
            >
            > Jack,
            >
            > The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's
            Yearbook",
            > Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for
            the Year
            > 1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York,
            C 1975 The
            > Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
            > Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I
            would
            > recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
            > Germain-en-Layne (1919).
            >
            > Frank R. Plichta
            >
            > Galax, Virginia
            >
            > _____
            >
            > From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-
            World@yahoogroups.com] On
            > Behalf Of Gergely
            > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
            > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
            > Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru
            History
            >
            > Frank,
            >
            > Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia".
            This really
            > interests me. I'd like to know more.
            >
            > I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined
            political area or
            > subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of
            the related
            > names) was an ethnic area.
            >
            > Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a
            province
            > of, and what territory did it encompass.
            >
          • Plichta
            ... Martin, I don t make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are well respected and known for their historical accuracy. In The
            Message 5 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              >Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _
              >Martin



              Martin,



              I don't make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are
              well respected and known for their historical accuracy.



              In "The Statesman's YearBook" Edited by Brian Hunter, the 132nd Edition
              dated 1995-96, printed by St. Martin's Press, New York, it states on page
              156, under the article for Austria (Republik Oesterreich) and I quote
              directly: "History: Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,
              the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918." It then goes on to
              say that "On 12 March 1938 Austria was forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany."



              If you are not familiar with "The Statesman's Yearbook" it is an annual
              publication, first published in 1864 and is used extensively as a primary
              reference source for diplomats around the world. The 2007 edition is the
              142nd year the reference has been published. From their website at:
              http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/about


              About The Statesman's Yearbook
              Dr Barry Turner, only the seventh editor in the 142-year history of The
              Statesman's Yearbook


              The Statesman's Yearbook was conceived of by Robert Carlyle and brought into
              being with the help of William Gladstone. Their vision for the book was an
              authoritative and accessible volume containing information essential for
              diplomats, politicians and all statesmen involved with international
              affairs. It quickly gained recognition as an indispensable reference tool
              and has been published continuously since 1864, through two world wars,
              without missing an edition. It was ranked by Library Journal as one of the
              top 20 best reference resources of the millennium.

              Today, international affairs concern almost every one of us and the scope of
              the book has become correspondingly broader, with expanded coverage of
              history, politics, economics, trade and infrastructure for each country, all
              thoroughly researched and verified by a dedicated editorial team. It also
              provides extensive further reading lists and web links for further research.

              In a world where opinion, propaganda and inaccuracy are frequently put
              forward as fact, The Statesman's Yearbook remains the first point of
              reference for anyone needing reliable, concise information on any country in
              the world.

              See the Reviews of The Statesman's
              <http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/reviews> Yearbook.



              Frank R. Plichta

              Galax, Virginia





              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            • Martin Votruba
              ... I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I quoted that post about it,
              Message 6 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
              • 0 Attachment
                > the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918."

                I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the
                Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I
                quoted that post about it, not yours.

                > the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory
                > within the political entity known as the Kingdom of Hungary.

                It never was.


                Martin

                votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
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