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Re: Country Name Changes thru History

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  • Plichta
    Nancy, It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands (Bohemia,
    Message 1 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
    • 0 Attachment
      Nancy,



      It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
      recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
      (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
      as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
      territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
      the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
      Italy.



      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia



      _____

      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Nancy Revak
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




      Frank,

      In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
      the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
      Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
      include both parts to be more accurate.

      Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
      are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
      Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

      Nancy

      --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
      >
      > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
      their
      > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
      origin. Some of
      > the names did not come into existence until years after the
      ancestors
      > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
      > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
      corrections or
      > additions.
      >
      >
      >
      > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
      Name,
      > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
      Slovakia
      > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
      changed
      > from time to time.
      >
      >
      >
      > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
      additions.
      > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
      >
      >
      >
      > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
      formed the
      > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
      >
      > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
      Salzburg,
      > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
      >
      > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
      >
      > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Silesia.
      >
      > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
      >
      > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
      part of
      > Czechoslovakia.
      >
      > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
      >
      > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Slovakia.
      >
      > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
      Slovakia.
      >
      > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
      Reich.
      >
      > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
      Hungary.
      >
      > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
      >
      > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
      the German
      > Reich.
      >
      > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
      Moravia
      > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
      >
      > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
      >
      > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
      >
      > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
      Communist
      > control of the republic.
      > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
      State
      > Treaty.
      >
      > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
      occupied
      > Czechoslovakia.
      >
      > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
      with
      > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
      >
      > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
      >
      > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      > Frank R. Plichta
      >
      > Galax, Virginia
      >
      >
      >
      >
      >
      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      >





      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Plichta
      Nancy, After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but
      Message 2 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
      • 0 Attachment
        Nancy,



        After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
        included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
        but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
        part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
        to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
        Hungary.



        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia



        _____

        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of Nancy Revak
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




        Frank,

        In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
        the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
        Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
        include both parts to be more accurate.

        Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
        are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
        Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

        Nancy

        --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
        >
        > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
        their
        > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
        origin. Some of
        > the names did not come into existence until years after the
        ancestors
        > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
        > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
        corrections or
        > additions.
        >
        >
        >
        > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
        Name,
        > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
        Slovakia
        > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
        changed
        > from time to time.
        >
        >
        >
        > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
        additions.
        > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
        >
        >
        >
        > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
        formed the
        > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
        >
        > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
        Salzburg,
        > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
        >
        > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
        >
        > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Silesia.
        >
        > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
        >
        > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
        part of
        > Czechoslovakia.
        >
        > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
        >
        > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Slovakia.
        >
        > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
        Slovakia.
        >
        > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
        Reich.
        >
        > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
        Hungary.
        >
        > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
        >
        > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
        the German
        > Reich.
        >
        > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
        Moravia
        > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
        >
        > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
        >
        > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
        >
        > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
        Communist
        > control of the republic.
        > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
        State
        > Treaty.
        >
        > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
        occupied
        > Czechoslovakia.
        >
        > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
        with
        > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
        >
        > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
        >
        > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > Frank R. Plichta
        >
        > Galax, Virginia
        >
        >
        >
        >
        >
        > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        >





        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • konekta@nm.psg.sk
        Galicia hungarian? _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Plichta Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM To:
        Message 3 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
        • 0 Attachment
          Galicia hungarian?

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Plichta
          Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



          Nancy,

          After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
          included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
          but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
          part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
          to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
          Hungary.

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Nancy Revak
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

          Frank,

          In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
          the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
          Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
          include both parts to be more accurate.

          Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
          are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
          Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

          Nancy

          --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
          >
          > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
          their
          > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
          origin. Some of
          > the names did not come into existence until years after the
          ancestors
          > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
          > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
          corrections or
          > additions.
          >
          >
          >
          > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
          Name,
          > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
          Slovakia
          > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
          changed
          > from time to time.
          >
          >
          >
          > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
          additions.
          > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
          >
          >
          >
          > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
          formed the
          > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
          >
          > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
          Salzburg,
          > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
          >
          > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
          >
          > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Silesia.
          >
          > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
          >
          > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
          part of
          > Czechoslovakia.
          >
          > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
          >
          > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Slovakia.
          >
          > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
          Slovakia.
          >
          > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
          Reich.
          >
          > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
          Hungary.
          >
          > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
          >
          > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
          the German
          > Reich.
          >
          > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
          Moravia
          > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
          >
          > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
          >
          > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
          >
          > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
          Communist
          > control of the republic.
          > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
          State
          > Treaty.
          >
          > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
          occupied
          > Czechoslovakia.
          >
          > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
          with
          > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
          >
          > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
          >
          > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          > Frank R. Plichta
          >
          > Galax, Virginia
          >
          >
          >
          >
          >
          > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
          >

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        • Martin Votruba
          ... Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does not mean that
          Message 4 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
          • 0 Attachment
            > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
            > while Slovakia was not.

            Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
            Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
            not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
            |

            Martin

            votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
          • konekta@nm.psg.sk
            It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people take it for granted. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
            Message 5 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people
              take it for granted.
              Vladimir

              _____

              From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of Martin Votruba
              Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:36 PM
              To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
              Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



              > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
              > while Slovakia was not.

              Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
              Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
              not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
              |

              Martin

              votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            • Martin Votruba
              ... This is getting quite messy. The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the Empire of Austria in 1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of
              Message 6 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
              • 0 Attachment
                > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                This is getting quite messy.

                The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                other Habsburg land.

                > people take it for granted

                I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                |

                Martin

                votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
              • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                Martin, I m glad I m not alone. Thanks. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                Message 7 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Martin, I'm glad I'm not alone. Thanks.
                  Vladimir


                  _____

                  From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                  Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                  Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:11 PM
                  To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                  Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                  > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                  > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                  > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                  > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                  > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                  > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                  > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                  > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                  > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                  This is getting quite messy.

                  The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                  1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                  etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                  main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                  Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                  Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                  monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                  Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                  in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                  other Habsburg land.

                  > people take it for granted

                  I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                  |

                  Martin

                  votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                • Gergely
                  Frank, Your use of the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia . This really interests me. I d like to know more. I was never aware that Ruthenia ever
                  Message 8 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Frank,

                    Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really interests me. I'd like to know more.

                    I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related names) was an ethnic area.

                    Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province of, and what territory did it encompass.



                    ----- Original Message -----
                    From: Plichta
                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                    Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                    Nancy,

                    It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                    recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                    (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                    as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                    territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                    the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                    Italy.

                    Frank R. Plichta

                    Galax, Virginia

                    _____

                    From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                    Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                    Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                    Frank,

                    In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                    the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                    Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                    include both parts to be more accurate.

                    Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                    are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                    Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                    Nancy

                    --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                    yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                    >
                    > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                    their
                    > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                    origin. Some of
                    > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                    ancestors
                    > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                    > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                    corrections or
                    > additions.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                    Name,
                    > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                    Slovakia
                    > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                    changed
                    > from time to time.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                    additions.
                    > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                    formed the
                    > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                    >
                    > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                    Salzburg,
                    > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                    >
                    > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                    >
                    > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Silesia.
                    >
                    > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                    >
                    > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                    part of
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                    >
                    > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                    Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                    Hungary.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                    the German
                    > Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                    Moravia
                    > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                    >
                    > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                    >
                    > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                    Communist
                    > control of the republic.
                    > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                    State
                    > Treaty.
                    >
                    > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                    occupied
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                    with
                    > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > Frank R. Plichta
                    >
                    > Galax, Virginia
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                    >

                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                  • Plichta
                    Jack, The entire paragraph is a direct quote from The Statesman s Yearbook , Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                    Message 9 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Jack,



                      The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                      Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                      1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                      Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                      Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                      recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                      Germain-en-Layne (1919).



                      Frank R. Plichta

                      Galax, Virginia



                      _____

                      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                      Behalf Of Gergely
                      Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                      Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                      Frank,

                      Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                      interests me. I'd like to know more.

                      I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                      subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                      names) was an ethnic area.

                      Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                      of, and what territory did it encompass.

                      ----- Original Message -----
                      From: Plichta
                      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                      Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                      Nancy,

                      It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                      recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                      (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                      as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                      territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                      the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                      Italy.

                      Frank R. Plichta

                      Galax, Virginia

                      _____

                      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                      yahoogroups.com] On
                      Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                      Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                      Frank,

                      In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                      the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                      Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                      include both parts to be more accurate.

                      Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                      are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                      Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                      Nancy

                      --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                      yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                      >
                      > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                      their
                      > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                      origin. Some of
                      > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                      ancestors
                      > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                      > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                      corrections or
                      > additions.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                      Name,
                      > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                      Slovakia
                      > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                      changed
                      > from time to time.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                      additions.
                      > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                      formed the
                      > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                      >
                      > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                      Salzburg,
                      > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                      >
                      > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                      >
                      > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Silesia.
                      >
                      > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                      >
                      > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                      part of
                      > Czechoslovakia.
                      >
                      > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                      >
                      > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                      Reich.
                      >
                      > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                      Hungary.
                      >
                      > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                      >
                      > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                      the German
                      > Reich.
                      >
                      > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                      Moravia
                      > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                      >
                      > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                      >
                      > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                      Communist
                      > control of the republic.
                      > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                      State
                      > Treaty.
                      >
                      > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                      occupied
                      > Czechoslovakia.
                      >
                      > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                      with
                      > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                      >
                      > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                      >
                      > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > Frank R. Plichta
                      >
                      > Galax, Virginia
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                      >

                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                    • Plichta
                      No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as the
                      Message 10 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                      • 0 Attachment
                        No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical
                        area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as
                        the Kingdom of Hungary.



                        The border is very well defined on my "Central Europe in 1812" as well as
                        the map of "Central Europe, 1815-1866" which shows both the Empire of
                        Austria, Kingdom of Prussia and the Kingdom of Hungary. The source of the
                        maps is: "Historical Atlas" by William R. Shepherd, Professor of History in
                        Columbia University, Fifth Edition Revised, 1926, New York, Henry Holt and
                        Company, printed in Leipzig, Germany. The same maps also appear in the
                        Eighth Edition, 1956 published by Barnes & Noble, Inc. New York, printed in
                        the U.S.A.



                        Frank R. Plichta

                        Galax, Virginia



                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of konekta@...
                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:43 AM
                        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                        Galicia hungarian?

                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                        yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of Plichta
                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
                        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                        Nancy,

                        After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                        included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                        but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                        part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                        to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                        Hungary.

                        Frank R. Plichta

                        Galax, Virginia

                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                        yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                        Frank,

                        In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                        the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                        Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                        include both parts to be more accurate.

                        Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                        are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                        Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                        Nancy

                        --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                        yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                        >
                        > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                        their
                        > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                        origin. Some of
                        > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                        ancestors
                        > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                        > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                        corrections or
                        > additions.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                        Name,
                        > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                        Slovakia
                        > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                        changed
                        > from time to time.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                        additions.
                        > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                        formed the
                        > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                        >
                        > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                        Salzburg,
                        > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                        >
                        > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                        >
                        > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Silesia.
                        >
                        > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                        >
                        > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                        part of
                        > Czechoslovakia.
                        >
                        > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                        >
                        > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                        Reich.
                        >
                        > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                        Hungary.
                        >
                        > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                        >
                        > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                        the German
                        > Reich.
                        >
                        > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                        Moravia
                        > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                        >
                        > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                        >
                        > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                        Communist
                        > control of the republic.
                        > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                        State
                        > Treaty.
                        >
                        > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                        occupied
                        > Czechoslovakia.
                        >
                        > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                        with
                        > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                        >
                        > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                        >
                        > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > Frank R. Plichta
                        >
                        > Galax, Virginia
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                        >

                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                      • Gergely
                        OK, thanks. I ll try to find it. Jack Gergely ... From: Plichta To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM Subject: [Slovak-World]
                        Message 11 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                        • 0 Attachment
                          OK, thanks.
                          I'll try to find it.

                          Jack Gergely
                          ----- Original Message -----
                          From: Plichta
                          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                          Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                          Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                          Jack,

                          The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                          Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                          1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                          Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                          Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                          recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                          Germain-en-Layne (1919).

                          Frank R. Plichta

                          Galax, Virginia

                          _____

                          From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                          Behalf Of Gergely
                          Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                          Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                          Frank,

                          Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                          interests me. I'd like to know more.

                          I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                          subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                          names) was an ethnic area.

                          Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                          of, and what territory did it encompass.

                          ----- Original Message -----
                          From: Plichta
                          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                          Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                          Nancy,

                          It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                          recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                          (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                          as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                          territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                          the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                          Italy.

                          Frank R. Plichta

                          Galax, Virginia

                          _____

                          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                          yahoogroups.com] On
                          Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                          Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                          Frank,

                          In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                          the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                          Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                          include both parts to be more accurate.

                          Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                          are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                          Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                          Nancy

                          --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                          yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                          >
                          > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                          their
                          > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                          origin. Some of
                          > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                          ancestors
                          > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                          > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                          corrections or
                          > additions.
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                          Name,
                          > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                          Slovakia
                          > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                          changed
                          > from time to time.
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                          additions.
                          > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                          formed the
                          > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                          >
                          > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                          Salzburg,
                          > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                          >
                          > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                          >
                          > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                          Silesia.
                          >
                          > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                          >
                          > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                          part of
                          > Czechoslovakia.
                          >
                          > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                          >
                          > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                          Slovakia.
                          >
                          > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                          Slovakia.
                          >
                          > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                          Reich.
                          >
                          > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                          Hungary.
                          >
                          > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                          >
                          > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                          the German
                          > Reich.
                          >
                          > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                          Moravia
                          > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                          >
                          > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                          >
                          > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                          >
                          > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                          Communist
                          > control of the republic.
                          > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                          State
                          > Treaty.
                          >
                          > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                          occupied
                          > Czechoslovakia.
                          >
                          > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                          with
                          > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                          >
                          > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                          >
                          > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          > Frank R. Plichta
                          >
                          > Galax, Virginia
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          >
                          > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                          >

                          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                        • vchromoho
                          Subcarpathian Rus (aka Carpatho-Ruthenia ): http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia Carpatho-Ukraine:
                          Message 12 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Subcarpathian Rus' (aka "Carpatho-Ruthenia"):
                            http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html
                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia

                            Carpatho-Ukraine:
                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpatho-Ukraine

                            From the first link above:

                            "In documents generated at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the
                            formulation, "territory inhabited by Ruthenians south of the
                            Carpathians," was used; in documents from this period produced by
                            Rusyn-American immigrants the terms Subcarpathian Rus' and Rusinia
                            appeared. It was Czechoslovakia's constitution (1920) which for the
                            first time used as an official name Subcarpathian Rus' (Czech:
                            Podkarpatska Rus), although in some Czech publications the term
                            Rusinsko was employed. Subcarpathian Rus' referred, however, only to
                            the new country's administrative unit, basically east of the Uzh
                            river (eastern Uzh, Bereg, Ugocha, and Maramarosh counties). Other
                            Rusyn-inhabited lands south of the Carpathians that fell under a
                            Slovak provincial administration (in western Uzh, Zemplyn, Sharysh,
                            and *Spish counties) gradually came to be known as the Preshovs'ka,
                            Priashovs'ka Rus', or the *Presov Region. Ukrainian emigres who
                            settled in Subcarpathian Rus' after 1919 used a wide range of names,
                            including Pidkarpats'ka Rus' (Subcarpathian Rus'), Prykarpats'ka
                            Ukraina (Ukraine near the Carpathians), Zakarpats'ka Ukraina
                            (Ukraine beyond the Carpathians), Karpats'ka Ukraina (Carpatho-
                            Ukraine), and even the vague term Sribna Zemlia (The Silver Land).
                            After Czechoslovakia introduced a new territorial-administrative
                            reform (July 1927) the republic was divided into four lands, the
                            farthest east of which received the formal designation, Zeme
                            podkarpatoruska (The Subcarpathian Land).

                            When, on October 11, 1938, the province was given its own autonomous
                            government, Subcarpathian Rus' became again the official name as
                            entered into Czechoslovak constitutional law (November 22, 1938)."

                            --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, "Gergely" <gergely@...> wrote:
                            >
                            > OK, thanks.
                            > I'll try to find it.
                            >
                            > Jack Gergely
                            > ----- Original Message -----
                            > From: Plichta
                            > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                            > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                            > Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History
                            >
                            >
                            > Jack,
                            >
                            > The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's
                            Yearbook",
                            > Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for
                            the Year
                            > 1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York,
                            C 1975 The
                            > Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                            > Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I
                            would
                            > recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                            > Germain-en-Layne (1919).
                            >
                            > Frank R. Plichta
                            >
                            > Galax, Virginia
                            >
                            > _____
                            >
                            > From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-
                            World@yahoogroups.com] On
                            > Behalf Of Gergely
                            > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                            > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                            > Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru
                            History
                            >
                            > Frank,
                            >
                            > Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia".
                            This really
                            > interests me. I'd like to know more.
                            >
                            > I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined
                            political area or
                            > subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of
                            the related
                            > names) was an ethnic area.
                            >
                            > Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a
                            province
                            > of, and what territory did it encompass.
                            >
                          • Plichta
                            ... Martin, I don t make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are well respected and known for their historical accuracy. In The
                            Message 13 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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                              >Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _
                              >Martin



                              Martin,



                              I don't make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are
                              well respected and known for their historical accuracy.



                              In "The Statesman's YearBook" Edited by Brian Hunter, the 132nd Edition
                              dated 1995-96, printed by St. Martin's Press, New York, it states on page
                              156, under the article for Austria (Republik Oesterreich) and I quote
                              directly: "History: Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,
                              the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918." It then goes on to
                              say that "On 12 March 1938 Austria was forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany."



                              If you are not familiar with "The Statesman's Yearbook" it is an annual
                              publication, first published in 1864 and is used extensively as a primary
                              reference source for diplomats around the world. The 2007 edition is the
                              142nd year the reference has been published. From their website at:
                              http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/about


                              About The Statesman's Yearbook
                              Dr Barry Turner, only the seventh editor in the 142-year history of The
                              Statesman's Yearbook


                              The Statesman's Yearbook was conceived of by Robert Carlyle and brought into
                              being with the help of William Gladstone. Their vision for the book was an
                              authoritative and accessible volume containing information essential for
                              diplomats, politicians and all statesmen involved with international
                              affairs. It quickly gained recognition as an indispensable reference tool
                              and has been published continuously since 1864, through two world wars,
                              without missing an edition. It was ranked by Library Journal as one of the
                              top 20 best reference resources of the millennium.

                              Today, international affairs concern almost every one of us and the scope of
                              the book has become correspondingly broader, with expanded coverage of
                              history, politics, economics, trade and infrastructure for each country, all
                              thoroughly researched and verified by a dedicated editorial team. It also
                              provides extensive further reading lists and web links for further research.

                              In a world where opinion, propaganda and inaccuracy are frequently put
                              forward as fact, The Statesman's Yearbook remains the first point of
                              reference for anyone needing reliable, concise information on any country in
                              the world.

                              See the Reviews of The Statesman's
                              <http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/reviews> Yearbook.



                              Frank R. Plichta

                              Galax, Virginia





                              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                            • Martin Votruba
                              ... I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I quoted that post about it,
                              Message 14 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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                                > the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918."

                                I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the
                                Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I
                                quoted that post about it, not yours.

                                > the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory
                                > within the political entity known as the Kingdom of Hungary.

                                It never was.


                                Martin

                                votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
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