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RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

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  • Plichta
    Vladimir, Other Sources: 1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955. Entry:
    Message 1 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
    • 0 Attachment
      Vladimir,



      Other Sources:

      1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
      University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.



      Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
      thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
      as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
      the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
      possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
      Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
      crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
      'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
      from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
      against Hungary."



      2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
      Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
      Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.



      Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
      Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
      with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
      alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."





      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia



      _____

      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Plichta
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



      Vladimir,

      Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
      of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
      Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
      Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
      London, 1040

      Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
      March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
      on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
      Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
      the following provisions:

      "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
      for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
      are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
      westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
      along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
      White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
      military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

      "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
      army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

      "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
      25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
      National Bank.

      "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
      material at present located within its borders.

      "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

      I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
      I'll continue to look and post the information later.

      Frank

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia

      _____

      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of konekta@.... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

      Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
      Vladimir

      _____

      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
      To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
      <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

      There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
      ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
      the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
      departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
      following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
      additions.

      The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
      Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
      and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
      from time to time.

      I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
      Please provide a source or reference for your information.

      1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
      Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

      1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
      Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

      1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

      10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

      11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

      11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
      Czechoslovakia.

      1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

      1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

      3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

      3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

      3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
      Reich.

      3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
      (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

      1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

      8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
      control of the republic.
      5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
      Treaty.

      8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
      Czechoslovakia.

      1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
      hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

      1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

      1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • konekta@nm.psg.sk
      Frank, Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate, while Slovakia was not. Give up. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Message 2 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
      • 0 Attachment
        Frank,
        Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate, while Slovakia was
        not.
        Give up.
        Vladimir


        _____

        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of Plichta
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:22 PM
        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



        Vladimir,

        Other Sources:

        1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
        University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.

        Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
        thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
        as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
        the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
        possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
        Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
        crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
        'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
        from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
        against Hungary."

        2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
        Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
        Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.

        Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
        Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
        with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
        alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."

        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia

        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of Plichta
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

        Vladimir,

        Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
        of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
        Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
        Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
        London, 1040

        Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
        March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
        on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
        Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
        the following provisions:

        "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
        for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
        are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
        westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
        along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
        White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
        military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

        "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
        army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

        "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
        25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
        National Bank.

        "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
        material at present located within its borders.

        "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

        I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
        I'll continue to look and post the information later.

        Frank

        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia

        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of konekta@... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg> .
        <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

        Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
        Vladimir

        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
        To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
        <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

        There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
        ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
        the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
        departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
        following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
        additions.

        The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
        Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
        and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
        from time to time.

        I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
        Please provide a source or reference for your information.

        1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
        Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

        1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
        Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

        1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

        10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

        11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

        11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
        Czechoslovakia.

        1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

        1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

        3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

        3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

        3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
        Reich.

        3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
        (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

        1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

        8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
        control of the republic.
        5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
        Treaty.

        8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
        Czechoslovakia.

        1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
        hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

        1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

        1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • konekta@nm.psg.sk
        Slovakia also was not occupied by the Germans in any considerable size till Sept.1944. Parts of Slovakia were occupied by Poland and Hungary. Vladimir _____
        Message 3 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
        • 0 Attachment
          Slovakia also was not occupied by the Germans in any considerable size till
          Sept.1944.
          Parts of Slovakia were occupied by Poland and Hungary.
          Vladimir



          _____

          From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Plichta
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:22 PM
          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



          Vladimir,

          Other Sources:

          1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
          University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.

          Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
          thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
          as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
          the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
          possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
          Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
          crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
          'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
          from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
          against Hungary."

          2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
          Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
          Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.

          Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
          Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
          with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
          alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Plichta
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

          Vladimir,

          Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
          of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
          Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
          Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
          London, 1040

          Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
          March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
          on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
          Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
          the following provisions:

          "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
          for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
          are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
          westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
          along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
          White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
          military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

          "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
          army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

          "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
          25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
          National Bank.

          "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
          material at present located within its borders.

          "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

          I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
          I'll continue to look and post the information later.

          Frank

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of konekta@... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg> .
          <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

          Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
          Vladimir

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
          To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
          <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

          There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
          ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
          the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
          departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
          following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
          additions.

          The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
          Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
          and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
          from time to time.

          I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
          Please provide a source or reference for your information.

          1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
          Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

          1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
          Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

          1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

          10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

          11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

          11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
          Czechoslovakia.

          1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

          1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

          3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

          3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

          3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
          Reich.

          3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
          (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

          1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

          8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
          control of the republic.
          5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
          Treaty.

          8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
          Czechoslovakia.

          1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
          hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

          1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

          1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        • helene cincebeaux
          The Summer issue of Slovakia is hot off the press; it s published by the Slovak Heritage & Folklore Society International If you would like to see a copy it is
          Message 4 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
          • 0 Attachment
            The Summer issue of Slovakia is hot off the press;
            it's published by the Slovak Heritage & Folklore
            Society International

            If you would like to see a copy it is $3 - mail to
            Helene Cincebeaux, 151 Colebrook Dr, Rochester NY
            14617.

            The 12 page issue includes articles on

            Janosik, the Slovak Robin Hood by Sylvia Marcinko Chai


            Genealogy Research Aids by John Adam

            Slovakia's UNESCO Treasures

            A Slovak-American Family by Treena Rowan

            The Zamagurie Region DNA Project by Karen Melis

            and a really smashing cover - a naive painting showing
            Slovakia's mighty Vah River, the pastoral life and
            legends, the music, shrines, castles and the raft
            riders on the river.

            helene cincebeaux, editor
            Slovakia and Slovak Pride data base




            ____________________________________________________________________________________
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          • Nancy Revak
            Frank, In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
            Message 5 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              Frank,

              In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
              the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
              Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
              include both parts to be more accurate.


              Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
              are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
              Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

              Nancy

              --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
              >
              > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
              their
              > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
              origin. Some of
              > the names did not come into existence until years after the
              ancestors
              > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
              > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
              corrections or
              > additions.
              >
              >
              >
              > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
              Name,
              > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
              Slovakia
              > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
              changed
              > from time to time.
              >
              >
              >
              > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
              additions.
              > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
              >
              >
              >
              > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
              formed the
              > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
              >
              > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
              Salzburg,
              > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
              >
              > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
              >
              > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
              Silesia.
              >
              > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
              >
              > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
              part of
              > Czechoslovakia.
              >
              > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
              >
              > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
              Slovakia.
              >
              > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
              Slovakia.
              >
              > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
              Reich.
              >
              > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
              Hungary.
              >
              > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
              >
              > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
              the German
              > Reich.
              >
              > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
              Moravia
              > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
              >
              > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
              >
              > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
              >
              > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
              Communist
              > control of the republic.
              > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
              State
              > Treaty.
              >
              > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
              occupied
              > Czechoslovakia.
              >
              > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
              with
              > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
              >
              > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
              >
              > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
              >
              >
              >
              >
              >
              > Frank R. Plichta
              >
              > Galax, Virginia
              >
              >
              >
              >
              >
              > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
              >
            • Plichta
              Nancy, It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands (Bohemia,
              Message 6 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
              • 0 Attachment
                Nancy,



                It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                Italy.



                Frank R. Plichta

                Galax, Virginia



                _____

                From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




                Frank,

                In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                include both parts to be more accurate.

                Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                Nancy

                --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                >
                > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                their
                > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                origin. Some of
                > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                ancestors
                > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                corrections or
                > additions.
                >
                >
                >
                > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                Name,
                > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                Slovakia
                > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                changed
                > from time to time.
                >
                >
                >
                > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                additions.
                > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                >
                >
                >
                > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                formed the
                > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                >
                > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                Salzburg,
                > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                >
                > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                >
                > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                Silesia.
                >
                > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                >
                > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                part of
                > Czechoslovakia.
                >
                > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                >
                > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                Slovakia.
                >
                > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                Slovakia.
                >
                > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                Reich.
                >
                > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                Hungary.
                >
                > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                >
                > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                the German
                > Reich.
                >
                > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                Moravia
                > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                >
                > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                >
                > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                >
                > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                Communist
                > control of the republic.
                > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                State
                > Treaty.
                >
                > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                occupied
                > Czechoslovakia.
                >
                > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                with
                > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                >
                > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                >
                > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                >
                >
                >
                >
                >
                > Frank R. Plichta
                >
                > Galax, Virginia
                >
                >
                >
                >
                >
                > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                >





                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
              • Plichta
                Nancy, After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but
                Message 7 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Nancy,



                  After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                  included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                  but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                  part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                  to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                  Hungary.



                  Frank R. Plichta

                  Galax, Virginia



                  _____

                  From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                  Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                  Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                  To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                  Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




                  Frank,

                  In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                  the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                  Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                  include both parts to be more accurate.

                  Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                  are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                  Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                  Nancy

                  --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                  yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                  >
                  > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                  their
                  > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                  origin. Some of
                  > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                  ancestors
                  > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                  > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                  corrections or
                  > additions.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                  Name,
                  > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                  Slovakia
                  > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                  changed
                  > from time to time.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                  additions.
                  > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                  formed the
                  > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                  >
                  > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                  Salzburg,
                  > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                  >
                  > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                  >
                  > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Silesia.
                  >
                  > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                  >
                  > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                  part of
                  > Czechoslovakia.
                  >
                  > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                  >
                  > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                  Reich.
                  >
                  > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                  Hungary.
                  >
                  > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                  >
                  > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                  the German
                  > Reich.
                  >
                  > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                  Moravia
                  > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                  >
                  > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                  >
                  > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                  Communist
                  > control of the republic.
                  > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                  State
                  > Treaty.
                  >
                  > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                  occupied
                  > Czechoslovakia.
                  >
                  > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                  with
                  > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                  >
                  > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                  >
                  > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > Frank R. Plichta
                  >
                  > Galax, Virginia
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                  >





                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                  Galicia hungarian? _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Plichta Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM To:
                  Message 8 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Galicia hungarian?

                    _____

                    From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                    Behalf Of Plichta
                    Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                    Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                    Nancy,

                    After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                    included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                    but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                    part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                    to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                    Hungary.

                    Frank R. Plichta

                    Galax, Virginia

                    _____

                    From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                    [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                    yahoogroups.com] On
                    Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                    To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                    Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                    Frank,

                    In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                    the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                    Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                    include both parts to be more accurate.

                    Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                    are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                    Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                    Nancy

                    --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                    yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                    >
                    > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                    their
                    > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                    origin. Some of
                    > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                    ancestors
                    > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                    > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                    corrections or
                    > additions.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                    Name,
                    > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                    Slovakia
                    > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                    changed
                    > from time to time.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                    additions.
                    > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                    formed the
                    > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                    >
                    > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                    Salzburg,
                    > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                    >
                    > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                    >
                    > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Silesia.
                    >
                    > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                    >
                    > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                    part of
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                    >
                    > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                    Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                    Hungary.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                    the German
                    > Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                    Moravia
                    > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                    >
                    > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                    >
                    > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                    Communist
                    > control of the republic.
                    > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                    State
                    > Treaty.
                    >
                    > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                    occupied
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                    with
                    > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > Frank R. Plichta
                    >
                    > Galax, Virginia
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                    >

                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                  • Martin Votruba
                    ... Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does not mean that
                    Message 9 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                    • 0 Attachment
                      > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
                      > while Slovakia was not.

                      Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
                      Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
                      not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
                      |

                      Martin

                      votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
                    • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                      It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people take it for granted. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                      Message 10 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                      • 0 Attachment
                        It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people
                        take it for granted.
                        Vladimir

                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:36 PM
                        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                        > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
                        > while Slovakia was not.

                        Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
                        Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
                        not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
                        |

                        Martin

                        votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                      • Martin Votruba
                        ... This is getting quite messy. The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the Empire of Austria in 1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of
                        Message 11 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                        • 0 Attachment
                          > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                          > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                          > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                          > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                          > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                          > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                          > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                          > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                          > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                          This is getting quite messy.

                          The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                          1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                          etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                          main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                          Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                          Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                          monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                          Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                          in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                          other Habsburg land.

                          > people take it for granted

                          I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                          |

                          Martin

                          votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
                        • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                          Martin, I m glad I m not alone. Thanks. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                          Message 12 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Martin, I'm glad I'm not alone. Thanks.
                            Vladimir


                            _____

                            From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                            Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                            Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:11 PM
                            To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                            Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                            > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                            > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                            > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                            > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                            > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                            > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                            > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                            > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                            > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                            This is getting quite messy.

                            The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                            1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                            etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                            main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                            Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                            Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                            monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                            Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                            in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                            other Habsburg land.

                            > people take it for granted

                            I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                            |

                            Martin

                            votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






                            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                          • Gergely
                            Frank, Your use of the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia . This really interests me. I d like to know more. I was never aware that Ruthenia ever
                            Message 13 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Frank,

                              Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really interests me. I'd like to know more.

                              I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related names) was an ethnic area.

                              Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province of, and what territory did it encompass.



                              ----- Original Message -----
                              From: Plichta
                              To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                              Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                              Nancy,

                              It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                              recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                              (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                              as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                              territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                              the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                              Italy.

                              Frank R. Plichta

                              Galax, Virginia

                              _____

                              From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                              Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                              To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                              Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                              Frank,

                              In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                              the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                              Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                              include both parts to be more accurate.

                              Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                              are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                              Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                              Nancy

                              --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                              yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                              >
                              > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                              their
                              > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                              origin. Some of
                              > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                              ancestors
                              > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                              > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                              corrections or
                              > additions.
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                              Name,
                              > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                              Slovakia
                              > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                              changed
                              > from time to time.
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                              additions.
                              > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                              formed the
                              > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                              >
                              > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                              Salzburg,
                              > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                              >
                              > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                              >
                              > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                              Silesia.
                              >
                              > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                              >
                              > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                              part of
                              > Czechoslovakia.
                              >
                              > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                              >
                              > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                              Slovakia.
                              >
                              > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                              Slovakia.
                              >
                              > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                              Reich.
                              >
                              > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                              Hungary.
                              >
                              > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                              >
                              > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                              the German
                              > Reich.
                              >
                              > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                              Moravia
                              > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                              >
                              > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                              >
                              > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                              >
                              > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                              Communist
                              > control of the republic.
                              > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                              State
                              > Treaty.
                              >
                              > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                              occupied
                              > Czechoslovakia.
                              >
                              > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                              with
                              > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                              >
                              > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                              >
                              > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              > Frank R. Plichta
                              >
                              > Galax, Virginia
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              >
                              > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                              >

                              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                            • Plichta
                              Jack, The entire paragraph is a direct quote from The Statesman s Yearbook , Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                              Message 14 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                              • 0 Attachment
                                Jack,



                                The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                                Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                                1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                                Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                                recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                Germain-en-Layne (1919).



                                Frank R. Plichta

                                Galax, Virginia



                                _____

                                From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                Behalf Of Gergely
                                Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                                Frank,

                                Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                                interests me. I'd like to know more.

                                I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                                subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                                names) was an ethnic area.

                                Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                                of, and what territory did it encompass.

                                ----- Original Message -----
                                From: Plichta
                                To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                                Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                Nancy,

                                It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                                recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                                (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                                as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                                territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                                the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                                Italy.

                                Frank R. Plichta

                                Galax, Virginia

                                _____

                                From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                yahoogroups.com] On
                                Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                Frank,

                                In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                include both parts to be more accurate.

                                Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                Nancy

                                --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                >
                                > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                their
                                > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                origin. Some of
                                > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                ancestors
                                > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                corrections or
                                > additions.
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                Name,
                                > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                Slovakia
                                > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                changed
                                > from time to time.
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                additions.
                                > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                formed the
                                > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                >
                                > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                Salzburg,
                                > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                >
                                > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                >
                                > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                Silesia.
                                >
                                > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                >
                                > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                part of
                                > Czechoslovakia.
                                >
                                > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                >
                                > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                Slovakia.
                                >
                                > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                Slovakia.
                                >
                                > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                Reich.
                                >
                                > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                Hungary.
                                >
                                > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                >
                                > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                the German
                                > Reich.
                                >
                                > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                Moravia
                                > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                >
                                > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                >
                                > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                >
                                > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                Communist
                                > control of the republic.
                                > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                State
                                > Treaty.
                                >
                                > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                occupied
                                > Czechoslovakia.
                                >
                                > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                with
                                > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                >
                                > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                >
                                > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                > Frank R. Plichta
                                >
                                > Galax, Virginia
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                >
                                > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                >

                                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                              • Plichta
                                No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as the
                                Message 15 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                • 0 Attachment
                                  No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical
                                  area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as
                                  the Kingdom of Hungary.



                                  The border is very well defined on my "Central Europe in 1812" as well as
                                  the map of "Central Europe, 1815-1866" which shows both the Empire of
                                  Austria, Kingdom of Prussia and the Kingdom of Hungary. The source of the
                                  maps is: "Historical Atlas" by William R. Shepherd, Professor of History in
                                  Columbia University, Fifth Edition Revised, 1926, New York, Henry Holt and
                                  Company, printed in Leipzig, Germany. The same maps also appear in the
                                  Eighth Edition, 1956 published by Barnes & Noble, Inc. New York, printed in
                                  the U.S.A.



                                  Frank R. Plichta

                                  Galax, Virginia



                                  _____

                                  From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                  Behalf Of konekta@...
                                  Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:43 AM
                                  To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                  Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                                  Galicia hungarian?

                                  _____

                                  From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                  [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                  yahoogroups.com] On
                                  Behalf Of Plichta
                                  Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
                                  To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                  Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                  Nancy,

                                  After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                                  included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                                  but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                                  part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                                  to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                                  Hungary.

                                  Frank R. Plichta

                                  Galax, Virginia

                                  _____

                                  From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                  [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                  yahoogroups.com] On
                                  Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                  Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                  To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                  Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                  Frank,

                                  In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                  the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                  Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                  include both parts to be more accurate.

                                  Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                  are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                  Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                  Nancy

                                  --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                  yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                  >
                                  > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                  their
                                  > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                  origin. Some of
                                  > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                  ancestors
                                  > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                  > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                  corrections or
                                  > additions.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                  Name,
                                  > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                  Slovakia
                                  > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                  changed
                                  > from time to time.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                  additions.
                                  > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                  formed the
                                  > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                  >
                                  > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                  Salzburg,
                                  > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                  >
                                  > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                  >
                                  > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Silesia.
                                  >
                                  > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                  >
                                  > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                  part of
                                  > Czechoslovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                  >
                                  > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                  Reich.
                                  >
                                  > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                  Hungary.
                                  >
                                  > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                  >
                                  > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                  the German
                                  > Reich.
                                  >
                                  > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                  Moravia
                                  > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                  >
                                  > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                  >
                                  > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                  Communist
                                  > control of the republic.
                                  > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                  State
                                  > Treaty.
                                  >
                                  > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                  occupied
                                  > Czechoslovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                  with
                                  > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                  >
                                  > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                  >
                                  > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > Frank R. Plichta
                                  >
                                  > Galax, Virginia
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                  >

                                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                • Gergely
                                  OK, thanks. I ll try to find it. Jack Gergely ... From: Plichta To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM Subject: [Slovak-World]
                                  Message 16 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                  • 0 Attachment
                                    OK, thanks.
                                    I'll try to find it.

                                    Jack Gergely
                                    ----- Original Message -----
                                    From: Plichta
                                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                    Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                                    Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                                    Jack,

                                    The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                                    Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                                    1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                                    Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                    Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                                    recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                    Germain-en-Layne (1919).

                                    Frank R. Plichta

                                    Galax, Virginia

                                    _____

                                    From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                    Behalf Of Gergely
                                    Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                    Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                    Frank,

                                    Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                                    interests me. I'd like to know more.

                                    I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                                    subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                                    names) was an ethnic area.

                                    Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                                    of, and what territory did it encompass.

                                    ----- Original Message -----
                                    From: Plichta
                                    To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                                    Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                    Nancy,

                                    It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                                    recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                                    (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                                    as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                                    territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                                    the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                                    Italy.

                                    Frank R. Plichta

                                    Galax, Virginia

                                    _____

                                    From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                    yahoogroups.com] On
                                    Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                    To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                    Frank,

                                    In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                    the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                    Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                    include both parts to be more accurate.

                                    Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                    are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                    Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                    Nancy

                                    --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                    yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                    >
                                    > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                    their
                                    > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                    origin. Some of
                                    > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                    ancestors
                                    > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                    > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                    corrections or
                                    > additions.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                    Name,
                                    > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                    Slovakia
                                    > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                    changed
                                    > from time to time.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                    additions.
                                    > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                    formed the
                                    > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                    >
                                    > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                    Salzburg,
                                    > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                    >
                                    > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                    >
                                    > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Silesia.
                                    >
                                    > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                    >
                                    > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                    part of
                                    > Czechoslovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                    >
                                    > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                    Reich.
                                    >
                                    > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                    Hungary.
                                    >
                                    > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                    >
                                    > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                    the German
                                    > Reich.
                                    >
                                    > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                    Moravia
                                    > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                    >
                                    > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                    >
                                    > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                    Communist
                                    > control of the republic.
                                    > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                    State
                                    > Treaty.
                                    >
                                    > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                    occupied
                                    > Czechoslovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                    with
                                    > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                    >
                                    > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                    >
                                    > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > Frank R. Plichta
                                    >
                                    > Galax, Virginia
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                    >

                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                  • vchromoho
                                    Subcarpathian Rus (aka Carpatho-Ruthenia ): http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia Carpatho-Ukraine:
                                    Message 17 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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                                      Subcarpathian Rus' (aka "Carpatho-Ruthenia"):
                                      http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html
                                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia

                                      Carpatho-Ukraine:
                                      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpatho-Ukraine

                                      From the first link above:

                                      "In documents generated at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the
                                      formulation, "territory inhabited by Ruthenians south of the
                                      Carpathians," was used; in documents from this period produced by
                                      Rusyn-American immigrants the terms Subcarpathian Rus' and Rusinia
                                      appeared. It was Czechoslovakia's constitution (1920) which for the
                                      first time used as an official name Subcarpathian Rus' (Czech:
                                      Podkarpatska Rus), although in some Czech publications the term
                                      Rusinsko was employed. Subcarpathian Rus' referred, however, only to
                                      the new country's administrative unit, basically east of the Uzh
                                      river (eastern Uzh, Bereg, Ugocha, and Maramarosh counties). Other
                                      Rusyn-inhabited lands south of the Carpathians that fell under a
                                      Slovak provincial administration (in western Uzh, Zemplyn, Sharysh,
                                      and *Spish counties) gradually came to be known as the Preshovs'ka,
                                      Priashovs'ka Rus', or the *Presov Region. Ukrainian emigres who
                                      settled in Subcarpathian Rus' after 1919 used a wide range of names,
                                      including Pidkarpats'ka Rus' (Subcarpathian Rus'), Prykarpats'ka
                                      Ukraina (Ukraine near the Carpathians), Zakarpats'ka Ukraina
                                      (Ukraine beyond the Carpathians), Karpats'ka Ukraina (Carpatho-
                                      Ukraine), and even the vague term Sribna Zemlia (The Silver Land).
                                      After Czechoslovakia introduced a new territorial-administrative
                                      reform (July 1927) the republic was divided into four lands, the
                                      farthest east of which received the formal designation, Zeme
                                      podkarpatoruska (The Subcarpathian Land).

                                      When, on October 11, 1938, the province was given its own autonomous
                                      government, Subcarpathian Rus' became again the official name as
                                      entered into Czechoslovak constitutional law (November 22, 1938)."

                                      --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, "Gergely" <gergely@...> wrote:
                                      >
                                      > OK, thanks.
                                      > I'll try to find it.
                                      >
                                      > Jack Gergely
                                      > ----- Original Message -----
                                      > From: Plichta
                                      > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                      > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                                      > Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > Jack,
                                      >
                                      > The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's
                                      Yearbook",
                                      > Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for
                                      the Year
                                      > 1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York,
                                      C 1975 The
                                      > Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                      > Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I
                                      would
                                      > recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                      > Germain-en-Layne (1919).
                                      >
                                      > Frank R. Plichta
                                      >
                                      > Galax, Virginia
                                      >
                                      > _____
                                      >
                                      > From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-
                                      World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                      > Behalf Of Gergely
                                      > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                      > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                      > Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru
                                      History
                                      >
                                      > Frank,
                                      >
                                      > Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia".
                                      This really
                                      > interests me. I'd like to know more.
                                      >
                                      > I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined
                                      political area or
                                      > subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of
                                      the related
                                      > names) was an ethnic area.
                                      >
                                      > Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a
                                      province
                                      > of, and what territory did it encompass.
                                      >
                                    • Plichta
                                      ... Martin, I don t make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are well respected and known for their historical accuracy. In The
                                      Message 18 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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                                        >Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _
                                        >Martin



                                        Martin,



                                        I don't make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are
                                        well respected and known for their historical accuracy.



                                        In "The Statesman's YearBook" Edited by Brian Hunter, the 132nd Edition
                                        dated 1995-96, printed by St. Martin's Press, New York, it states on page
                                        156, under the article for Austria (Republik Oesterreich) and I quote
                                        directly: "History: Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,
                                        the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918." It then goes on to
                                        say that "On 12 March 1938 Austria was forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany."



                                        If you are not familiar with "The Statesman's Yearbook" it is an annual
                                        publication, first published in 1864 and is used extensively as a primary
                                        reference source for diplomats around the world. The 2007 edition is the
                                        142nd year the reference has been published. From their website at:
                                        http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/about


                                        About The Statesman's Yearbook
                                        Dr Barry Turner, only the seventh editor in the 142-year history of The
                                        Statesman's Yearbook


                                        The Statesman's Yearbook was conceived of by Robert Carlyle and brought into
                                        being with the help of William Gladstone. Their vision for the book was an
                                        authoritative and accessible volume containing information essential for
                                        diplomats, politicians and all statesmen involved with international
                                        affairs. It quickly gained recognition as an indispensable reference tool
                                        and has been published continuously since 1864, through two world wars,
                                        without missing an edition. It was ranked by Library Journal as one of the
                                        top 20 best reference resources of the millennium.

                                        Today, international affairs concern almost every one of us and the scope of
                                        the book has become correspondingly broader, with expanded coverage of
                                        history, politics, economics, trade and infrastructure for each country, all
                                        thoroughly researched and verified by a dedicated editorial team. It also
                                        provides extensive further reading lists and web links for further research.

                                        In a world where opinion, propaganda and inaccuracy are frequently put
                                        forward as fact, The Statesman's Yearbook remains the first point of
                                        reference for anyone needing reliable, concise information on any country in
                                        the world.

                                        See the Reviews of The Statesman's
                                        <http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/reviews> Yearbook.



                                        Frank R. Plichta

                                        Galax, Virginia





                                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                      • Martin Votruba
                                        ... I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I quoted that post about it,
                                        Message 19 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
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                                          > the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918."

                                          I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the
                                          Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I
                                          quoted that post about it, not yours.

                                          > the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory
                                          > within the political entity known as the Kingdom of Hungary.

                                          It never was.


                                          Martin

                                          votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
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