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RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

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  • konekta@nm.psg.sk
    Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com]
    Message 1 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
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      Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
      Vladimir


      _____

      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of plichta@...
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
      To: BOHEMIA-L@...; Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



      There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
      ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
      the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
      departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
      following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
      additions.

      The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
      Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
      and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
      from time to time.

      I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
      Please provide a source or reference for your information.

      1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
      Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

      1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
      Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

      1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

      10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

      11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

      11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
      Czechoslovakia.

      1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

      1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

      3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

      3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

      3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
      Reich.

      3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
      (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

      1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

      8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
      control of the republic.
      5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
      Treaty.

      8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
      Czechoslovakia.

      1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
      hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

      1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

      1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
    • Plichta
      Vladimir, Source: The Statesman s Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
      Message 2 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
      • 0 Attachment
        Vladimir,



        Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
        of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
        Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
        Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
        London, 1040



        Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
        March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
        on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
        Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
        the following provisions:

        "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
        for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
        are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
        westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
        along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
        White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
        military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

        "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
        army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

        "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
        25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
        National Bank.

        "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
        material at present located within its borders.

        "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."



        I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
        I'll continue to look and post the information later.

        Frank



        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia



        _____

        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of konekta@...
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



        Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
        Vladimir


        _____

        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
        yahoogroups.com] On
        Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
        To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
        <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
        Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

        There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
        ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
        the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
        departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
        following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
        additions.

        The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
        Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
        and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
        from time to time.

        I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
        Please provide a source or reference for your information.

        1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
        Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

        1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
        Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

        1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

        10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

        11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

        11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
        Czechoslovakia.

        1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

        1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

        3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

        3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

        3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
        Reich.

        3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
        (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

        1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

        2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

        8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
        control of the republic.
        5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
        Treaty.

        8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
        Czechoslovakia.

        1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
        hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

        1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

        1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

        Frank R. Plichta

        Galax, Virginia

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
      • Plichta
        Vladimir, Other Sources: 1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955. Entry:
        Message 3 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
        • 0 Attachment
          Vladimir,



          Other Sources:

          1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
          University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.



          Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
          thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
          as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
          the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
          possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
          Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
          crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
          'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
          from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
          against Hungary."



          2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
          Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
          Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.



          Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
          Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
          with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
          alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."





          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia



          _____

          From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of Plichta
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
          To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



          Vladimir,

          Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
          of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
          Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
          Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
          London, 1040

          Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
          March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
          on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
          Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
          the following provisions:

          "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
          for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
          are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
          westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
          along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
          White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
          military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

          "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
          army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

          "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
          25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
          National Bank.

          "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
          material at present located within its borders.

          "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

          I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
          I'll continue to look and post the information later.

          Frank

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of konekta@.... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
          To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

          Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
          Vladimir

          _____

          From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
          yahoogroups.com] On
          Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
          Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
          To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
          <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
          Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

          There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
          ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
          the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
          departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
          following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
          additions.

          The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
          Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
          and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
          from time to time.

          I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
          Please provide a source or reference for your information.

          1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
          Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

          1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
          Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

          1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

          10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

          11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

          11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
          Czechoslovakia.

          1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

          1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

          3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

          3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

          3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
          Reich.

          3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
          (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

          1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

          2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

          8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
          control of the republic.
          5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
          Treaty.

          8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
          Czechoslovakia.

          1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
          hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

          1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

          1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

          Frank R. Plichta

          Galax, Virginia

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





          [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
        • konekta@nm.psg.sk
          Frank, Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate, while Slovakia was not. Give up. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
          Message 4 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
          • 0 Attachment
            Frank,
            Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate, while Slovakia was
            not.
            Give up.
            Vladimir


            _____

            From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
            Behalf Of Plichta
            Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:22 PM
            To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
            Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



            Vladimir,

            Other Sources:

            1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
            University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.

            Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
            thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
            as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
            the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
            possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
            Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
            crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
            'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
            from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
            against Hungary."

            2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
            Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
            Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.

            Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
            Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
            with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
            alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."

            Frank R. Plichta

            Galax, Virginia

            _____

            From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
            yahoogroups.com] On
            Behalf Of Plichta
            Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
            To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

            Vladimir,

            Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
            of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
            Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
            Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
            London, 1040

            Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
            March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
            on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
            Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
            the following provisions:

            "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
            for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
            are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
            westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
            along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
            White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
            military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

            "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
            army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

            "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
            25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
            National Bank.

            "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
            material at present located within its borders.

            "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

            I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
            I'll continue to look and post the information later.

            Frank

            Frank R. Plichta

            Galax, Virginia

            _____

            From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
            yahoogroups.com] On
            Behalf Of konekta@... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg> .
            <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
            Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
            To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

            Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
            Vladimir

            _____

            From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
            yahoogroups.com] On
            Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
            Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
            To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
            <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
            Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

            There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
            ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
            the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
            departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
            following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
            additions.

            The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
            Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
            and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
            from time to time.

            I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
            Please provide a source or reference for your information.

            1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
            Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

            1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
            Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

            1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

            10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

            11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

            11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
            Czechoslovakia.

            1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

            1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

            1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

            3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

            3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

            3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

            3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
            Reich.

            3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
            (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

            1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

            2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

            8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
            control of the republic.
            5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
            Treaty.

            8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
            Czechoslovakia.

            1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
            hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

            1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

            1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

            Frank R. Plichta

            Galax, Virginia

            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
          • konekta@nm.psg.sk
            Slovakia also was not occupied by the Germans in any considerable size till Sept.1944. Parts of Slovakia were occupied by Poland and Hungary. Vladimir _____
            Message 5 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
            • 0 Attachment
              Slovakia also was not occupied by the Germans in any considerable size till
              Sept.1944.
              Parts of Slovakia were occupied by Poland and Hungary.
              Vladimir



              _____

              From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of Plichta
              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:22 PM
              To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
              Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History



              Vladimir,

              Other Sources:

              1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
              University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.

              Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
              thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
              as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
              the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
              possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
              Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
              crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
              'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
              from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
              against Hungary."

              2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
              Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
              Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.

              Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
              Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
              with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
              alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."

              Frank R. Plichta

              Galax, Virginia

              _____

              From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
              yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of Plichta
              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
              To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

              Vladimir,

              Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
              of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
              Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
              Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
              London, 1040

              Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
              March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
              on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
              Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
              the following provisions:

              "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
              for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
              are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
              westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
              along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
              White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
              military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

              "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
              army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

              "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
              25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
              National Bank.

              "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
              material at present located within its borders.

              "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

              I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
              I'll continue to look and post the information later.

              Frank

              Frank R. Plichta

              Galax, Virginia

              _____

              From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
              yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of konekta@... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg> .
              <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
              To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

              Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.
              Vladimir

              _____

              From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
              yahoogroups.com] On
              Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
              Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
              To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
              <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
              Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

              There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
              ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
              the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
              departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
              following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or
              additions.

              The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
              Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
              and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
              from time to time.

              I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
              Please provide a source or reference for your information.

              1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
              Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

              1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
              Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

              1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

              10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

              11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

              11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of
              Czechoslovakia.

              1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

              1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

              1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

              3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

              3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

              3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

              3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German
              Reich.

              3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
              (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

              1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

              2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

              8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
              control of the republic.
              5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State
              Treaty.

              8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied
              Czechoslovakia.

              1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
              hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

              1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

              1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

              Frank R. Plichta

              Galax, Virginia

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






              [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
            • helene cincebeaux
              The Summer issue of Slovakia is hot off the press; it s published by the Slovak Heritage & Folklore Society International If you would like to see a copy it is
              Message 6 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
              • 0 Attachment
                The Summer issue of Slovakia is hot off the press;
                it's published by the Slovak Heritage & Folklore
                Society International

                If you would like to see a copy it is $3 - mail to
                Helene Cincebeaux, 151 Colebrook Dr, Rochester NY
                14617.

                The 12 page issue includes articles on

                Janosik, the Slovak Robin Hood by Sylvia Marcinko Chai


                Genealogy Research Aids by John Adam

                Slovakia's UNESCO Treasures

                A Slovak-American Family by Treena Rowan

                The Zamagurie Region DNA Project by Karen Melis

                and a really smashing cover - a naive painting showing
                Slovakia's mighty Vah River, the pastoral life and
                legends, the music, shrines, castles and the raft
                riders on the river.

                helene cincebeaux, editor
                Slovakia and Slovak Pride data base




                ____________________________________________________________________________________
                Get the free Yahoo! toolbar and rest assured with the added security of spyware protection.
                http://new.toolbar.yahoo.com/toolbar/features/norton/index.php
              • Nancy Revak
                Frank, In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                Message 7 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Frank,

                  In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                  the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                  Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                  include both parts to be more accurate.


                  Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                  are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                  Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                  Nancy

                  --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                  >
                  > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                  their
                  > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                  origin. Some of
                  > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                  ancestors
                  > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                  > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                  corrections or
                  > additions.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                  Name,
                  > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                  Slovakia
                  > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                  changed
                  > from time to time.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                  additions.
                  > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                  formed the
                  > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                  >
                  > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                  Salzburg,
                  > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                  >
                  > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                  >
                  > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Silesia.
                  >
                  > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                  >
                  > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                  part of
                  > Czechoslovakia.
                  >
                  > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                  >
                  > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                  Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                  Reich.
                  >
                  > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                  Hungary.
                  >
                  > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                  >
                  > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                  the German
                  > Reich.
                  >
                  > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                  Moravia
                  > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                  >
                  > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                  >
                  > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                  >
                  > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                  Communist
                  > control of the republic.
                  > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                  State
                  > Treaty.
                  >
                  > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                  occupied
                  > Czechoslovakia.
                  >
                  > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                  with
                  > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                  >
                  > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                  >
                  > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > Frank R. Plichta
                  >
                  > Galax, Virginia
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  >
                  > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                  >
                • Plichta
                  Nancy, It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands (Bohemia,
                  Message 8 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Nancy,



                    It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                    recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                    (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                    as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                    territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                    the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                    Italy.



                    Frank R. Plichta

                    Galax, Virginia



                    _____

                    From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                    Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                    Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




                    Frank,

                    In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                    the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                    Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                    include both parts to be more accurate.

                    Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                    are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                    Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                    Nancy

                    --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                    yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                    >
                    > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                    their
                    > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                    origin. Some of
                    > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                    ancestors
                    > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                    > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                    corrections or
                    > additions.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                    Name,
                    > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                    Slovakia
                    > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                    changed
                    > from time to time.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                    additions.
                    > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                    formed the
                    > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                    >
                    > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                    Salzburg,
                    > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                    >
                    > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                    >
                    > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Silesia.
                    >
                    > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                    >
                    > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                    part of
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                    >
                    > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                    Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                    Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                    Hungary.
                    >
                    > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                    the German
                    > Reich.
                    >
                    > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                    Moravia
                    > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                    >
                    > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                    >
                    > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                    >
                    > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                    Communist
                    > control of the republic.
                    > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                    State
                    > Treaty.
                    >
                    > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                    occupied
                    > Czechoslovakia.
                    >
                    > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                    with
                    > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                    >
                    > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > Frank R. Plichta
                    >
                    > Galax, Virginia
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    >
                    > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                    >





                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                  • Plichta
                    Nancy, After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but
                    Message 9 of 22 , Jun 2, 2007
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Nancy,



                      After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                      included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                      but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                      part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                      to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                      Hungary.



                      Frank R. Plichta

                      Galax, Virginia



                      _____

                      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                      Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                      Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History




                      Frank,

                      In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                      the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                      Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                      include both parts to be more accurate.

                      Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                      are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                      Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                      Nancy

                      --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                      yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                      >
                      > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                      their
                      > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                      origin. Some of
                      > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                      ancestors
                      > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                      > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                      corrections or
                      > additions.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                      Name,
                      > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                      Slovakia
                      > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                      changed
                      > from time to time.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                      additions.
                      > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                      formed the
                      > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                      >
                      > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                      Salzburg,
                      > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                      >
                      > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                      >
                      > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Silesia.
                      >
                      > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                      >
                      > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                      part of
                      > Czechoslovakia.
                      >
                      > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                      >
                      > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                      Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                      Reich.
                      >
                      > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                      Hungary.
                      >
                      > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                      >
                      > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                      the German
                      > Reich.
                      >
                      > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                      Moravia
                      > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                      >
                      > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                      >
                      > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                      >
                      > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                      Communist
                      > control of the republic.
                      > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                      State
                      > Treaty.
                      >
                      > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                      occupied
                      > Czechoslovakia.
                      >
                      > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                      with
                      > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                      >
                      > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                      >
                      > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > Frank R. Plichta
                      >
                      > Galax, Virginia
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      >
                      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                      >





                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                    • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                      Galicia hungarian? _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Plichta Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM To:
                      Message 10 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Galicia hungarian?

                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of Plichta
                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
                        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                        Nancy,

                        After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                        included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                        but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                        part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                        to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                        Hungary.

                        Frank R. Plichta

                        Galax, Virginia

                        _____

                        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                        yahoogroups.com] On
                        Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                        Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                        Frank,

                        In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                        the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                        Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                        include both parts to be more accurate.

                        Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                        are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                        Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                        Nancy

                        --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                        yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                        >
                        > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                        their
                        > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                        origin. Some of
                        > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                        ancestors
                        > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                        > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                        corrections or
                        > additions.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                        Name,
                        > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                        Slovakia
                        > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                        changed
                        > from time to time.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                        additions.
                        > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                        formed the
                        > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                        >
                        > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                        Salzburg,
                        > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                        >
                        > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                        >
                        > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Silesia.
                        >
                        > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                        >
                        > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                        part of
                        > Czechoslovakia.
                        >
                        > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                        >
                        > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                        Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                        Reich.
                        >
                        > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                        Hungary.
                        >
                        > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                        >
                        > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                        the German
                        > Reich.
                        >
                        > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                        Moravia
                        > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                        >
                        > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                        >
                        > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                        >
                        > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                        Communist
                        > control of the republic.
                        > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                        State
                        > Treaty.
                        >
                        > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                        occupied
                        > Czechoslovakia.
                        >
                        > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                        with
                        > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                        >
                        > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                        >
                        > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > Frank R. Plichta
                        >
                        > Galax, Virginia
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        >
                        > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                        >

                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]






                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                      • Martin Votruba
                        ... Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does not mean that
                        Message 11 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                        • 0 Attachment
                          > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
                          > while Slovakia was not.

                          Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
                          Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
                          not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
                          |

                          Martin

                          votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
                        • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                          It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people take it for granted. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                          Message 12 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                          • 0 Attachment
                            It is interesting, how some sources can be misleading and wrong and people
                            take it for granted.
                            Vladimir

                            _____

                            From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                            Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                            Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:36 PM
                            To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                            Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                            > Bohemia and Moravia were officially called Protectorate,
                            > while Slovakia was not.

                            Let me support this with an example, Vladimir. Just because the US
                            Taiwan Relations Act mandates US military protection of Taiwan does
                            not mean that Taiwan is a "US protectorate."
                            |

                            Martin

                            votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






                            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                          • Martin Votruba
                            ... This is getting quite messy. The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the Empire of Austria in 1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of
                            Message 13 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                            • 0 Attachment
                              > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                              > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                              > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                              > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                              > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                              > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                              > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                              > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                              > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                              This is getting quite messy.

                              The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                              1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                              etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                              main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                              Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                              Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                              monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                              Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                              in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                              other Habsburg land.

                              > people take it for granted

                              I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                              |

                              Martin

                              votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
                            • konekta@nm.psg.sk
                              Martin, I m glad I m not alone. Thanks. Vladimir _____ From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                              Message 14 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                              • 0 Attachment
                                Martin, I'm glad I'm not alone. Thanks.
                                Vladimir


                                _____

                                From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                Behalf Of Martin Votruba
                                Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:11 PM
                                To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                                > After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe,
                                > the Empire of Austria included Bohemia, Moravia, part
                                > of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia but NO part
                                > of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains
                                > was all part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of
                                > the Carpathian Mountains uu to the Vistula River was all
                                > called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of Hungary.

                                > part of it was in the Republic of Austria and part
                                > was in the Kingdom of Hungary

                                This is getting quite messy.

                                The Kingdom of Hungary _was_ part of the "Empire of Austria" in
                                1815-1866 just like the Kingdom of Bohemia, Margraviate of Moravia,
                                etc. The Kingdom of Hungary _never_ extended north of even merely the
                                main ridge of the Carpathians except two tiny spots in Spis and Orava
                                Counties (which were still in the Carpathians). The Kingdom of
                                Hungary _never_ included any part of Galicia. The Habsburg Austrian
                                monarchy included more than merely the areas listed above.

                                Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _All_ of Slovakia was
                                in the Kingdom of Hungary, _no_ part of modern Slovakia was in any
                                other Habsburg land.

                                > people take it for granted

                                I'd add, Vladimir, that it's more often the people than the sources.
                                |

                                Martin

                                votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu






                                [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                              • Gergely
                                Frank, Your use of the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia . This really interests me. I d like to know more. I was never aware that Ruthenia ever
                                Message 15 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                • 0 Attachment
                                  Frank,

                                  Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really interests me. I'd like to know more.

                                  I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related names) was an ethnic area.

                                  Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province of, and what territory did it encompass.



                                  ----- Original Message -----
                                  From: Plichta
                                  To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                  Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                                  Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                                  Nancy,

                                  It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                                  recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                                  (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                                  as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                                  territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                                  the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                                  Italy.

                                  Frank R. Plichta

                                  Galax, Virginia

                                  _____

                                  From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                  Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                  Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                  To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                  Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                  Frank,

                                  In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                  the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                  Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                  include both parts to be more accurate.

                                  Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                  are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                  Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                  Nancy

                                  --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                  yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                  >
                                  > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                  their
                                  > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                  origin. Some of
                                  > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                  ancestors
                                  > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                  > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                  corrections or
                                  > additions.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                  Name,
                                  > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                  Slovakia
                                  > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                  changed
                                  > from time to time.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                  additions.
                                  > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                  formed the
                                  > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                  >
                                  > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                  Salzburg,
                                  > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                  >
                                  > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                  >
                                  > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Silesia.
                                  >
                                  > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                  >
                                  > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                  part of
                                  > Czechoslovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                  >
                                  > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                  Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                  Reich.
                                  >
                                  > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                  Hungary.
                                  >
                                  > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                  >
                                  > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                  the German
                                  > Reich.
                                  >
                                  > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                  Moravia
                                  > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                  >
                                  > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                  >
                                  > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                  Communist
                                  > control of the republic.
                                  > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                  State
                                  > Treaty.
                                  >
                                  > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                  occupied
                                  > Czechoslovakia.
                                  >
                                  > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                  with
                                  > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                  >
                                  > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                  >
                                  > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > Frank R. Plichta
                                  >
                                  > Galax, Virginia
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  >
                                  > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                  >

                                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                  [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                • Plichta
                                  Jack, The entire paragraph is a direct quote from The Statesman s Yearbook , Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                                  Message 16 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                  • 0 Attachment
                                    Jack,



                                    The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                                    Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                                    1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                                    Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                    Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                                    recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                    Germain-en-Layne (1919).



                                    Frank R. Plichta

                                    Galax, Virginia



                                    _____

                                    From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                    Behalf Of Gergely
                                    Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                    To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                    Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                                    Frank,

                                    Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                                    interests me. I'd like to know more.

                                    I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                                    subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                                    names) was an ethnic area.

                                    Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                                    of, and what territory did it encompass.

                                    ----- Original Message -----
                                    From: Plichta
                                    To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                                    Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                    Nancy,

                                    It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                                    recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                                    (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                                    as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                                    territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                                    the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                                    Italy.

                                    Frank R. Plichta

                                    Galax, Virginia

                                    _____

                                    From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                    yahoogroups.com] On
                                    Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                    Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                    To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                    Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                    Frank,

                                    In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                    the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                    Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                    include both parts to be more accurate.

                                    Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                    are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                    Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                    Nancy

                                    --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                    yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                    >
                                    > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                    their
                                    > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                    origin. Some of
                                    > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                    ancestors
                                    > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                    > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                    corrections or
                                    > additions.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                    Name,
                                    > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                    Slovakia
                                    > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                    changed
                                    > from time to time.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                    additions.
                                    > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                    formed the
                                    > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                    >
                                    > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                    Salzburg,
                                    > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                    >
                                    > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                    >
                                    > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Silesia.
                                    >
                                    > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                    >
                                    > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                    part of
                                    > Czechoslovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                    >
                                    > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                    Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                    Reich.
                                    >
                                    > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                    Hungary.
                                    >
                                    > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                    >
                                    > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                    the German
                                    > Reich.
                                    >
                                    > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                    Moravia
                                    > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                    >
                                    > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                    >
                                    > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                    Communist
                                    > control of the republic.
                                    > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                    State
                                    > Treaty.
                                    >
                                    > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                    occupied
                                    > Czechoslovakia.
                                    >
                                    > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                    with
                                    > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                    >
                                    > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                    >
                                    > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > Frank R. Plichta
                                    >
                                    > Galax, Virginia
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    >
                                    > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                    >

                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                    [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                  • Plichta
                                    No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as the
                                    Message 17 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                    • 0 Attachment
                                      No I did not say that Galicia was Hungarian. I said that the geographical
                                      area known as Galicia was a territory within the political entity known as
                                      the Kingdom of Hungary.



                                      The border is very well defined on my "Central Europe in 1812" as well as
                                      the map of "Central Europe, 1815-1866" which shows both the Empire of
                                      Austria, Kingdom of Prussia and the Kingdom of Hungary. The source of the
                                      maps is: "Historical Atlas" by William R. Shepherd, Professor of History in
                                      Columbia University, Fifth Edition Revised, 1926, New York, Henry Holt and
                                      Company, printed in Leipzig, Germany. The same maps also appear in the
                                      Eighth Edition, 1956 published by Barnes & Noble, Inc. New York, printed in
                                      the U.S.A.



                                      Frank R. Plichta

                                      Galax, Virginia



                                      _____

                                      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                      Behalf Of konekta@...
                                      Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 3:43 AM
                                      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                      Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History



                                      Galicia hungarian?

                                      _____

                                      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                      yahoogroups.com] On
                                      Behalf Of Plichta
                                      Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 4:18 AM
                                      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                      Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                      Nancy,

                                      After rechecking my 1815-1866 map of Central Europe, the Empire of Austria
                                      included Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia and a small portion of Galicia
                                      but NO part of Slovakia. Slovakia north to the Carpathian Mountains was all
                                      part of Kingdom of Hungary. The area north of the Carpathian Mountains up
                                      to the Vistula River was all called Galicia, all of which was in Kingdom of
                                      Hungary.

                                      Frank R. Plichta

                                      Galax, Virginia

                                      _____

                                      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                      yahoogroups.com] On
                                      Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                      Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                      Frank,

                                      In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                      the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                      Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                      include both parts to be more accurate.

                                      Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                      are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                      Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                      Nancy

                                      --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                      yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                      >
                                      > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                      their
                                      > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                      origin. Some of
                                      > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                      ancestors
                                      > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                      > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                      corrections or
                                      > additions.
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                      Name,
                                      > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                      Slovakia
                                      > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                      changed
                                      > from time to time.
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                      additions.
                                      > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                      formed the
                                      > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                      >
                                      > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                      Salzburg,
                                      > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                      >
                                      > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                      >
                                      > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                      Silesia.
                                      >
                                      > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                      >
                                      > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                      part of
                                      > Czechoslovakia.
                                      >
                                      > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                      >
                                      > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                      Slovakia.
                                      >
                                      > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                      Slovakia.
                                      >
                                      > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                      Reich.
                                      >
                                      > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                      Hungary.
                                      >
                                      > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                      >
                                      > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                      the German
                                      > Reich.
                                      >
                                      > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                      Moravia
                                      > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                      >
                                      > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                      >
                                      > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                      >
                                      > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                      Communist
                                      > control of the republic.
                                      > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                      State
                                      > Treaty.
                                      >
                                      > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                      occupied
                                      > Czechoslovakia.
                                      >
                                      > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                      with
                                      > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                      >
                                      > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                      >
                                      > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > Frank R. Plichta
                                      >
                                      > Galax, Virginia
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      >
                                      > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                      >

                                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                    • Gergely
                                      OK, thanks. I ll try to find it. Jack Gergely ... From: Plichta To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM Subject: [Slovak-World]
                                      Message 18 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                      • 0 Attachment
                                        OK, thanks.
                                        I'll try to find it.

                                        Jack Gergely
                                        ----- Original Message -----
                                        From: Plichta
                                        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                                        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History


                                        Jack,

                                        The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's Yearbook",
                                        Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for the Year
                                        1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York, C 1975 The
                                        Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                        Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I would
                                        recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                        Germain-en-Layne (1919).

                                        Frank R. Plichta

                                        Galax, Virginia

                                        _____

                                        From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                        Behalf Of Gergely
                                        Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                        To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                        Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                        Frank,

                                        Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia". This really
                                        interests me. I'd like to know more.

                                        I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined political area or
                                        subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of the related
                                        names) was an ethnic area.

                                        Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a province
                                        of, and what territory did it encompass.

                                        ----- Original Message -----
                                        From: Plichta
                                        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:55 PM
                                        Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                        Nancy,

                                        It was as a result of the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye in 1919, that
                                        recognized the Czechoslovak Republic, consisting of the Czech Lands
                                        (Bohemia, Moravia, part of Silesia) and Slovakia. To these lands were added
                                        as a trust, the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia. This
                                        territory was broken up for the benefit of Germany, Poland and Hungary by
                                        the Munich Agreement (September 29, 1938) between UK, France, Germany and
                                        Italy.

                                        Frank R. Plichta

                                        Galax, Virginia

                                        _____

                                        From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                        [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                        yahoogroups.com] On
                                        Behalf Of Nancy Revak
                                        Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 7:13 PM
                                        To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
                                        Subject: [SPAM] [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History

                                        Frank,

                                        In your entry for 1867-1918, while all of present-day Slovakia was in
                                        the Austro-Hungarian Empire, part of it was in the Republic of
                                        Austria and part was in the Kingdom of Hungary. You may want to
                                        include both parts to be more accurate.

                                        Also, where you mention the addition of Ruthenia in 1919-1920, what
                                        are you considering Ruthenia? Is it Sub-Carpathia (or Trans-
                                        Carpathia) or part of Ukraine?

                                        Nancy

                                        --- In Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
                                        yahoogroups.com, <plichta@...> wrote:
                                        >
                                        > There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of
                                        their
                                        > ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of
                                        origin. Some of
                                        > the names did not come into existence until years after the
                                        ancestors
                                        > departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
                                        > following list is the result of my research and I welcome any
                                        corrections or
                                        > additions.
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        > The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country
                                        Name,
                                        > Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-
                                        Slovakia
                                        > and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen
                                        changed
                                        > from time to time.
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        > I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or
                                        additions.
                                        > Please provide a source or reference for your information.
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        > 1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867
                                        formed the
                                        > Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.
                                        >
                                        > 1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria,
                                        Salzburg,
                                        > Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.
                                        >
                                        > 1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
                                        >
                                        > 10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                        Silesia.
                                        >
                                        > 11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.
                                        >
                                        > 11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a
                                        part of
                                        > Czechoslovakia.
                                        >
                                        > 1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.
                                        >
                                        > 1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                        Slovakia.
                                        >
                                        > 1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and
                                        Slovakia.
                                        >
                                        > 3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third
                                        Reich.
                                        >
                                        > 3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into
                                        Hungary.
                                        >
                                        > 3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.
                                        >
                                        > 3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of
                                        the German
                                        > Reich.
                                        >
                                        > 3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and
                                        Moravia
                                        > (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).
                                        >
                                        > 1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
                                        >
                                        > 2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.
                                        >
                                        > 8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary,
                                        Communist
                                        > control of the republic.
                                        > 5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian
                                        State
                                        > Treaty.
                                        >
                                        > 8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces
                                        occupied
                                        > Czechoslovakia.
                                        >
                                        > 1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling
                                        with
                                        > hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.
                                        >
                                        > 1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.
                                        >
                                        > 1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        > Frank R. Plichta
                                        >
                                        > Galax, Virginia
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        >
                                        > [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                        >

                                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

                                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]





                                        [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                      • vchromoho
                                        Subcarpathian Rus (aka Carpatho-Ruthenia ): http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia Carpatho-Ukraine:
                                        Message 19 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                        • 0 Attachment
                                          Subcarpathian Rus' (aka "Carpatho-Ruthenia"):
                                          http://www.rusyn.org/geosubcarpathian.html
                                          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpathian_Ruthenia

                                          Carpatho-Ukraine:
                                          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpatho-Ukraine

                                          From the first link above:

                                          "In documents generated at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 the
                                          formulation, "territory inhabited by Ruthenians south of the
                                          Carpathians," was used; in documents from this period produced by
                                          Rusyn-American immigrants the terms Subcarpathian Rus' and Rusinia
                                          appeared. It was Czechoslovakia's constitution (1920) which for the
                                          first time used as an official name Subcarpathian Rus' (Czech:
                                          Podkarpatska Rus), although in some Czech publications the term
                                          Rusinsko was employed. Subcarpathian Rus' referred, however, only to
                                          the new country's administrative unit, basically east of the Uzh
                                          river (eastern Uzh, Bereg, Ugocha, and Maramarosh counties). Other
                                          Rusyn-inhabited lands south of the Carpathians that fell under a
                                          Slovak provincial administration (in western Uzh, Zemplyn, Sharysh,
                                          and *Spish counties) gradually came to be known as the Preshovs'ka,
                                          Priashovs'ka Rus', or the *Presov Region. Ukrainian emigres who
                                          settled in Subcarpathian Rus' after 1919 used a wide range of names,
                                          including Pidkarpats'ka Rus' (Subcarpathian Rus'), Prykarpats'ka
                                          Ukraina (Ukraine near the Carpathians), Zakarpats'ka Ukraina
                                          (Ukraine beyond the Carpathians), Karpats'ka Ukraina (Carpatho-
                                          Ukraine), and even the vague term Sribna Zemlia (The Silver Land).
                                          After Czechoslovakia introduced a new territorial-administrative
                                          reform (July 1927) the republic was divided into four lands, the
                                          farthest east of which received the formal designation, Zeme
                                          podkarpatoruska (The Subcarpathian Land).

                                          When, on October 11, 1938, the province was given its own autonomous
                                          government, Subcarpathian Rus' became again the official name as
                                          entered into Czechoslovak constitutional law (November 22, 1938)."

                                          --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, "Gergely" <gergely@...> wrote:
                                          >
                                          > OK, thanks.
                                          > I'll try to find it.
                                          >
                                          > Jack Gergely
                                          > ----- Original Message -----
                                          > From: Plichta
                                          > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                          > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 1:18 PM
                                          > Subject: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru History
                                          >
                                          >
                                          > Jack,
                                          >
                                          > The entire paragraph is a direct quote from "The Statesman's
                                          Yearbook",
                                          > Statistical and Historical Annual of the States of the World for
                                          the Year
                                          > 1975-1976, Edited by John Paxton, St. Martin's Press, New York,
                                          C 1975 The
                                          > Macmillan Press Ltd., p.851. The quote is from the History of
                                          > Czechoslovakia (Ceskoslovenska' Socialisticka' Republika). I
                                          would
                                          > recommend researching the treaty mentioned: The Treaty of St.
                                          > Germain-en-Layne (1919).
                                          >
                                          > Frank R. Plichta
                                          >
                                          > Galax, Virginia
                                          >
                                          > _____
                                          >
                                          > From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-
                                          World@yahoogroups.com] On
                                          > Behalf Of Gergely
                                          > Sent: Sunday, June 03, 2007 10:33 AM
                                          > To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
                                          > Subject: [SPAM] Re: [Slovak-World] Re: Country Name Changes thru
                                          History
                                          >
                                          > Frank,
                                          >
                                          > Your use of "the autonomous province of Subcarpathian Ruthenia".
                                          This really
                                          > interests me. I'd like to know more.
                                          >
                                          > I was never aware that Ruthenia ever existed as a defined
                                          political area or
                                          > subdivision before. I always thought that Ruthenia (and all of
                                          the related
                                          > names) was an ethnic area.
                                          >
                                          > Do you, or anyone else, know when this was, what empire was it a
                                          province
                                          > of, and what territory did it encompass.
                                          >
                                        • Plichta
                                          ... Martin, I don t make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are well respected and known for their historical accuracy. In The
                                          Message 20 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                          • 0 Attachment
                                            >Austria was _not_ a republic during that time. _
                                            >Martin



                                            Martin,



                                            I don't make stuff up. I can only report what I read in sources that are
                                            well respected and known for their historical accuracy.



                                            In "The Statesman's YearBook" Edited by Brian Hunter, the 132nd Edition
                                            dated 1995-96, printed by St. Martin's Press, New York, it states on page
                                            156, under the article for Austria (Republik Oesterreich) and I quote
                                            directly: "History: Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire,
                                            the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918." It then goes on to
                                            say that "On 12 March 1938 Austria was forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany."



                                            If you are not familiar with "The Statesman's Yearbook" it is an annual
                                            publication, first published in 1864 and is used extensively as a primary
                                            reference source for diplomats around the world. The 2007 edition is the
                                            142nd year the reference has been published. From their website at:
                                            http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/about


                                            About The Statesman's Yearbook
                                            Dr Barry Turner, only the seventh editor in the 142-year history of The
                                            Statesman's Yearbook


                                            The Statesman's Yearbook was conceived of by Robert Carlyle and brought into
                                            being with the help of William Gladstone. Their vision for the book was an
                                            authoritative and accessible volume containing information essential for
                                            diplomats, politicians and all statesmen involved with international
                                            affairs. It quickly gained recognition as an indispensable reference tool
                                            and has been published continuously since 1864, through two world wars,
                                            without missing an edition. It was ranked by Library Journal as one of the
                                            top 20 best reference resources of the millennium.

                                            Today, international affairs concern almost every one of us and the scope of
                                            the book has become correspondingly broader, with expanded coverage of
                                            history, politics, economics, trade and infrastructure for each country, all
                                            thoroughly researched and verified by a dedicated editorial team. It also
                                            provides extensive further reading lists and web links for further research.

                                            In a world where opinion, propaganda and inaccuracy are frequently put
                                            forward as fact, The Statesman's Yearbook remains the first point of
                                            reference for anyone needing reliable, concise information on any country in
                                            the world.

                                            See the Reviews of The Statesman's
                                            <http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/public/reviews> Yearbook.



                                            Frank R. Plichta

                                            Galax, Virginia





                                            [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
                                          • Martin Votruba
                                            ... I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I quoted that post about it,
                                            Message 21 of 22 , Jun 3, 2007
                                            • 0 Attachment
                                              > the Republic of Austria was proclaimed on 12 Nov. 1918."

                                              I did n-o-t quote you about that, Frank. You did not place the
                                              Republic of Austria in the 19th century. Another post did and I
                                              quoted that post about it, not yours.

                                              > the geographical area known as Galicia was a territory
                                              > within the political entity known as the Kingdom of Hungary.

                                              It never was.


                                              Martin

                                              votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
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