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Re: Golden Prague

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  • Sinbad Schwartz
    ... mail with three articles about atrocities in Czech rep after the war and one is from Prague. The Russians version was kalashnikov cleansing.
    Message 1 of 7 , May 31, 2007
      --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, <konekta@...> wrote: >
      > We have been writing about Prague recently. > I just received a
      mail with three articles about atrocities in Czech rep > after the
      war and one is from Prague.

      The Russians version was kalashnikov cleansing.


      Benjamin Frommer. National Cleansing: Retribution against Nazi
      Collaborators in Postwar Czechoslovakia. Cambridge University Press,
      2005. 387 pp. $US 26.99 paper (0-521-00896-4), $US 70.00 hardcover (0-

      "This is an account of how Czechs dealt with their history in the
      interval between the 1945 end of the Nazi occupation of
      Czechoslovakia and the Communist takeover in February 1948. The
      floodgates opened for denunciations and other forms of retribution
      during the final months of the war. When it became clear that Germany
      would lose, the President-in-exile Edvard Benes encouraged Czechs to
      mete out punishment for both Germans in Czech territories and Czech
      collaborators, as the initial acts of reestablishing an independent
      state. The politicians spoke of "national cleansing" – a phrase we of
      later generations have attached to the horrors of the Yugoslav wars
      in the 1990s. Following an initial period of vigilante justice, a
      make-shift judicial system was constructed. Many of the "Citizens'
      Courts" were staffed by ill-trained judges, and police and other
      judicial institutions were often out of their depth. This was
      unavoidable: many of the trained jurists and police were either
      killed or in exile. The courts tried over 32,000 alleged
      collaborators and war criminals and some 135,000 cases of "offenses
      against national honor." Thousands more were arrested and
      incarcerated, but never charged. Before the Communist coup in 1948,
      nearly 700 individuals were executed. Frommer observes that this was
      more than the total killed during the subsequent four decades of
      Communist rule.

      The pent-up anger of the six years of Nazi occupation bred a desire
      for sheer revenge, and pettiness too often bogged down the justice
      system. Political sympathies also played a role in the process. In
      Czechoslovakia, as in other parts of occupied Europe, there were
      plenty of quislings and collaborators during the war. There were also
      those who used the occupation to harm their neighbours or their
      relatives, currying favour with the Nazis. They turned them in for
      listening to foreign broadcasts or swearing against the German
      occupation. When what goes around came around at last, those who had
      gained positions, salaried jobs, or awards from the Nazis were
      roundly denounced by their neighbours. But so were the in-laws, the
      landlords, the corner grocery store owners, even their own parents or
      children. Easier to denounce than to divorce — denouncing became the
      most popular political action of the pre-communist post-war era.

      Chapter after chapter of this well-written book provide the details
      of allegations, charges and judgments against the evil, the infidels,
      the dissidents, the fools, the happenstance passers-by, and the
      innocent in Czech courts. Author Benjamin Frommer has excavated a
      huge amount of detailed data. The accounts are
      chilling. ..........................."

      This might be of interest also:


      "This is the final version which will be sent to members in October,

      SSS Letter No. 58, October 2005

      "Thursday, 3 November, 4:15 - 6:15 p.m. -- Sussex (GA)
      2-20 Slovenia in 1945: Sixty Years After
      Chair: Metod Milaè

      Ale¹ Grabriè, Institute for Modern History (Slovenia) "The
      Bolshevization of Slovenia"

      Tadeja Tomin¹ek Rihtar, Institute for Modern History (Slovenia) "The
      Postwar Retribution in Slovenia: Its Death Toll"

      Peter Vodopivec, U of Ljubljana (Slovenia) "The Memory of World War
      II and 1945 in Slovenia"

      Discussants: Benjamin Frommer, Northwestern U, & Matt Susel, American
      Home Publishing Co." ............

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