Re: Golden Prague
- --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, <konekta@...> wrote: >
> We have been writing about Prague recently. > I just received amail with three articles about atrocities in Czech rep > after the
war and one is from Prague.
The Russians version was kalashnikov cleansing.
Benjamin Frommer. National Cleansing: Retribution against Nazi
Collaborators in Postwar Czechoslovakia. Cambridge University Press,
2005. 387 pp. $US 26.99 paper (0-521-00896-4), $US 70.00 hardcover (0-
"This is an account of how Czechs dealt with their history in the
interval between the 1945 end of the Nazi occupation of
Czechoslovakia and the Communist takeover in February 1948. The
floodgates opened for denunciations and other forms of retribution
during the final months of the war. When it became clear that Germany
would lose, the President-in-exile Edvard Benes encouraged Czechs to
mete out punishment for both Germans in Czech territories and Czech
collaborators, as the initial acts of reestablishing an independent
state. The politicians spoke of "national cleansing" a phrase we of
later generations have attached to the horrors of the Yugoslav wars
in the 1990s. Following an initial period of vigilante justice, a
make-shift judicial system was constructed. Many of the "Citizens'
Courts" were staffed by ill-trained judges, and police and other
judicial institutions were often out of their depth. This was
unavoidable: many of the trained jurists and police were either
killed or in exile. The courts tried over 32,000 alleged
collaborators and war criminals and some 135,000 cases of "offenses
against national honor." Thousands more were arrested and
incarcerated, but never charged. Before the Communist coup in 1948,
nearly 700 individuals were executed. Frommer observes that this was
more than the total killed during the subsequent four decades of
The pent-up anger of the six years of Nazi occupation bred a desire
for sheer revenge, and pettiness too often bogged down the justice
system. Political sympathies also played a role in the process. In
Czechoslovakia, as in other parts of occupied Europe, there were
plenty of quislings and collaborators during the war. There were also
those who used the occupation to harm their neighbours or their
relatives, currying favour with the Nazis. They turned them in for
listening to foreign broadcasts or swearing against the German
occupation. When what goes around came around at last, those who had
gained positions, salaried jobs, or awards from the Nazis were
roundly denounced by their neighbours. But so were the in-laws, the
landlords, the corner grocery store owners, even their own parents or
children. Easier to denounce than to divorce denouncing became the
most popular political action of the pre-communist post-war era.
Chapter after chapter of this well-written book provide the details
of allegations, charges and judgments against the evil, the infidels,
the dissidents, the fools, the happenstance passers-by, and the
innocent in Czech courts. Author Benjamin Frommer has excavated a
huge amount of detailed data. The accounts are
This might be of interest also:
"This is the final version which will be sent to members in October,
SSS Letter No. 58, October 2005
SOCIETY FOR SLOVENE STUDIES" ............
"Thursday, 3 November, 4:15 - 6:15 p.m. -- Sussex (GA)
2-20 Slovenia in 1945: Sixty Years After
Chair: Metod Milaè
Ale¹ Grabriè, Institute for Modern History (Slovenia) "The
Bolshevization of Slovenia"
Tadeja Tomin¹ek Rihtar, Institute for Modern History (Slovenia) "The
Postwar Retribution in Slovenia: Its Death Toll"
Peter Vodopivec, U of Ljubljana (Slovenia) "The Memory of World War
II and 1945 in Slovenia"
Discussants: Benjamin Frommer, Northwestern U, & Matt Susel, American
Home Publishing Co." ............