> I still have a way to go when it comes to understandingLet me try to pare it down to the barest minimum for Slovakia, RU.
> the parliamentary form of government.
A confusing moment in much of the info are phrases like "the Cabinet
appointed by the President..." True in the formal sense, it's
irrelevant for most practical purposes since the President cannot but
do what he is required to by the law. What he does is essentially
ceremonial, not executive. In the following, I'll leave the
president out to avoid the confusion. I'll also simplify some of the
The Prime Minister (also called Premier = chief of the executive)
must launch elections by the 4-year deadline, but can do so sooner.
1) Election. Each party publishes an _ordered_ list of their
candidates. People _nation-wide_ vote for a party (not for a local
representative, no "our Congressman"), for its program.
2) The votes from the whole country are counted. Every party that
gets 5% and more of the valid vote enters Parliament, the others are
not represented. There is no House/Senate division.
3) Typically 5-7 parties enter the 150-seat parliament. Their
relative percentages are recalculated.
Example -- If only four parties passed the 5% threshold (it never
happens), this is how it would work: Say, party A had 20% of the
vote, party B 20%, party C 10%, party D 10%, a multitude of other
parties got less than 5% each. The mutual ratio of party A to party
B to party C to party D is 2:2:1:1, so party A gets 2/6ths of the
seats (50), party B gets 2/6ths of the seats (50), party C 1/6th
(25), party D 1/6th (25). End of example.
4) Based on the recalculation, the top X candidates from each party's
_ordered_ list become Members of Parliament (that's why the lists
must be ordered).
5) The 5-7 parties represented in Parliament begin to negotiate the
formation of the next Cabinet. The Cabinet will have to be approved
by a simple majority in Parliament (minimum 76 seats/votes), so the
goal is to form a coalition of parties representing enough votes to
guarantee it. Typically, a party wants to have a Minister/Ministers
in the Cabinet (US: Secretary of a Department) in return for its
Parliamentary support (but occasionally, a party may promise initial
support without it).
6) Those of the former candidates, now Members of Parliament, who
join the Cabinet are replaced in Parliament by the next candidates
from their respective parties on the ordered lists. The negotiations
about the number of Ministers for each party, their posts, etc., can
take just days, a week or two, or over a month.
7) A Cabinet is formed, the Chairman of the largest party in it
typically becomes Prime Minister (= chief of the executive).
8) Parliament votes for the Cabinet, and no big surprise, the Cabinet
gets a majority of the votes.
9) Slovakia has a new government (Cabinet).
The current Cabinet has 16 members: Prime Minister, Deputy Prime
Minister, and 14 Ministers (each with a Ministry/Department).
The election takes place every 4 years, unless a Cabinet falls apart,
loses its majority in and is voted out by Parliament.
votruba "at" pitt "dot" edu
- --- In Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com, Martin Votruba <votrubam@y...>
> Let me try to pare it down to the barest minimum for Slovakia, RU.Martin, thanks for the pared down version of Slovakia's election
process. It answers a few questions I had regarding timing of
elections and the fall of a government. The Czechs are currently
going through the process as the result of charges of corruption
against their former Prime Minister, Stanislav Gross and the English
are currently in the process also.
My curiosity was piqued by the seeming complexity of the
parliamentary system and it got me to thinking about party and
campaign financing. I found an interesting article that covers this
subject for several Eastern European nations. It is titled "Party
and Campaign Funding in Eastern Europe: A Study of 18 Member
Countries of the ACEEEO" The Article is located at:
In the summary table there are only two countries with a ban on paid
political advertising; Slovakia and Bosnia H. The paper goes back to
2001. Is this true currently? On paper it appears that they control
campaign financing fairly well. Do they still exclude private media
from being used in campaigning?