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30519Handicrafts--32

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Nov 16, 2010
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      The same tools were used to spin wool as to spin flax. Until the middle of the 20th century, archaic methods of spinning wool by hand were also used: druganie [making a bulky yarn], using a tool called a druga, using a kolovra'tok (spinning wheel), and using a kl'uc~ka (handle). While women spun on spindles, men spun using the druga < http://www.uluv.sk/objects/product/showimage.php?data=/domain/b6/files/materialy/textil/textil-texniky_vysivky/druganie/druganie2.jpg&width=640&height=480 > to made such items as fetters for horses. Among another archaic spinning technologies was winding on the spindle [using a hand spindle?].(21)

      In the second half of the 19th century, the home-craft of linen making had almost disappeared in western Slovakia due to the fact that artisan weavers made linen in this area until the first half of the 20th century. During that time, women in western Slovakia began to devote themselves increasingly to artistic folk production using textile fibers, especially to lace-making and embroidery.

      For the domestic production of textiles, the archaic weaving technologies in use were card or tablet weaving, working on a small loom, and working on a vertical loom. Weaving on a big loom with two or four harnesses was just as widespread. In addition to a plain weave [also called tabby] there was also rib [repp], twill, and satin weave, along with many other methods of weaving. Raw linen, made of flax or hemp, was further bleached and decorated in various ways (dying, blueprint, and others). Raw woollen fabric was felted using special equipment known as a fuller [usually large wooden troughs that get pounded by large wooden hammers].

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      Another thank you to Joe for help with terminology.


      H
      All opinions my own


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