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29815Traditional agriculture--50

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  • Fedor, Helen
    Aug 3, 2010
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      As for poultry, under feudalism serfs mainly bred hens and geese, which also was part of the in-kind rent paid to the landlord. However, a farmer's family did not breed more than 8-10 hens and 3-4 geese. In cottage families[???] this number was half as large, a result of the shortage of feed corn on serf farms. Ducks and turkeys were bred only rarely, mainly on noble estates.

      [There are two photos whose (cleaned-up) captions read: "Pasturing geese was often children's work." and "Poultry was an integral part of the farmyard; feeding it was women's work."]

      Beekeeping was widespread mainly in mountain areas, where it succeeded the original brtni'ctvo [the collecting of wild honey and wax]. At the beginning of the 18th century, it was carried out intensively mainly in northwestern Slovakia, where almost every serf household kept several beehives.

      Beekeeping was also practiced intensively in central Slovakia, mainly around mining towns, and in northern S~aris~. At that time, Kremnica [the red dot < http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6a/Map_slovakia_kremnica.png >] and Roz~n~ava [red dot at < http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8b/Map_slovakia_roznava.png >] were well-known for their honey markets.

      That said, however, beekeeping was less widespread in the first half of the 18th century than earlier, but much more so than it was to become in the 19th century. This was a reflection of the importance of honey and wax in the Slovak population's way of life.

      All opinions my own

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