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18135RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

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  • Plichta
    Jun 2, 2007

      Other Sources:

      1. Source: European History Since 1870, by F. Lee Benns, Indiana
      University, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., New York,1955.

      Entry: Page 658: "On March 16 [1939], Hitler announced that Czechia [sic.]
      thereafter belonged to the territory of the German Reich and would be known
      as the "Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia." Tiso invited Hitler to become
      the protector of Slovakia, also, which became a vassal state of the Reich,
      possessed of little more independence than Bohemia-Moravia. One result of
      Germany's military occupation of both Czechia [sic.] and Slovakia was
      crystal-clear-she was now in a stronger position than ever to continue her
      'Drang nach Osten' (Force towards the East). For she now had new passes
      from which she could strike either northward against Poland or southward
      against Hungary."

      2. Source: The Timetables of History, A Horizontal Linkage of People and
      Events, by Bernard Grun, based upon Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan, A
      Touchstone Book, Published by Simon and Schuster, New York, 1946.

      Entry: Page 514: "1939-Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, places
      Slovakia under "protection", annexes Memel, renounces nonaggression pact
      with Poland and naval agreement with England, and concludes both 10-year
      alliance with Italy and nonaggression pact with U.S.S.R."

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia


      From: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com [mailto:Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of Plichta
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 9:01 AM
      To: Slovak-World@yahoogroups.com
      Subject: RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History


      Source: The Statesman's Year-Book 1940, Statistical and Historical Annual
      of the States of the World for the year 1940, Edited by M. Epstein, M.A.,
      Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Geographical of the Royal Statistical, and of the
      Royal Economic Societies., Macmillan and Co., Ltd, St. Martin's Street,
      London, 1040

      Entry: "Slovakia declared its independence as the Republic of Slovakia on
      March 14, 1939, and on March 16 Hitler undertook to 'protect' Slovakia, and
      on March 18, 1939, a Treaty was signed in Vienna by Hitler and von
      Ribbentrop for Germany and by Dr. Tiso and Dr. Durkansky for Slovakia, with
      the following provisions:

      "1. Germany guarantees to protect the boundaries of Slovakia
      for a period of 25 years. To afford this protection the German Armed Forces
      are entitled at any time to construct military works in a zone running
      westwards from the Slovak frontier and eastwards on a general line running
      along the eastern slope of the Small Carpathians, the eastern slopes of the
      White Carpathians, and the eastern slopes of the Javornik Mountains. These
      military works may be manned by the military forces of the German troops.

      "2. Slovakia is an independent sovereign State, with its own
      army, its own currency, and its own diplomatic representatives abroad.

      "3. Slovakia is to receive, as the basis of its currency, 15 to
      25 percent, of the gold and foreign exchange holdings of the Czecho-Slovak
      National Bank.

      "4. Slovakia will also receive a goodly portion of Czech war
      material at present located within its borders.

      "5. Slovakia is at liberty to join the German Customs Union."

      I have another source but I can't put my hands on it at the present time.
      I'll continue to look and post the information later.


      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia


      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of konekta@.... <mailto:konekta%40nm.psg.sk> sk
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 3:57 AM
      To: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [SPAM] RE: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

      Frank, Slovakia never was a protectorate of germany. It was the Czech.


      From: Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      [mailto:Slovak-World@ <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com>
      yahoogroups.com] On
      Behalf Of plichta@earthlink. <mailto:plichta%40earthlink.net> net
      Sent: Saturday, June 02, 2007 4:28 AM
      To: BOHEMIA-L@rootsweb. <mailto:BOHEMIA-L%40rootsweb.com> com; Slovak-World@
      <mailto:Slovak-World%40yahoogroups.com> yahoogroups.com
      Subject: [Slovak-World] Country Name Changes thru History

      There are frequent occasions when folks talk about the origin of their
      ancestors and they use modern day names for the location of origin. Some of
      the names did not come into existence until years after the ancestors
      departed the country of origin and moved on to other countries. The
      following list is the result of my research and I welcome any corrections or

      The information is provided in the order of Effective Date, Country Name,
      Included territories. Your attention to called to the terms Czecho-Slovakia
      and Czechoslovakia. The use of the hyphen or absence of the hyphen changed
      from time to time.

      I would appreciate your assistance in providing corrections or additions.
      Please provide a source or reference for your information.

      1867 to 1918, Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy, Ausgleich of 1867 formed the
      Empire of Austia and Kingdom of Hungary.

      1867, Empire of Austria, Includes Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg,
      Tirol, Vorarlberg, Bohemia, Moravia,Silesia and Galicia.

      1908, Empire of Austria, Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.

      10/28/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia.

      11/12/1918, Republic of Austria, Name change.

      11/14/1918 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Slovakia added and became a part of

      1919 to 1920, Czecho-Slovakia, Ruthenia added.

      1920 to 1938, Czechoslovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      1938 to 1939, Czecho-Slovakia, Includes Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      3/12/1938, Austria, Forcibly absorbed into Nazi Germany's Third Reich.

      3/14/1939, Kingdom of Hungary, Carpatho-Ukraine incorporated into Hungary.

      3/14/1939 to 4/4/1945, Slovak Republic, Slovakia or Slovak State.

      3/16/1939 Republic of Slovakia, Slovakia became a Protectorate of the German

      3/16/1939 to 1945, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Bohemia and Moravia
      (Czech lands incorporated in the German Reich).

      1945 to 1990, Czechoslovakia, Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.

      2/1/1946, Republic of Hungary, Hungary proclaimed a republic.

      8/1949 to 10/23/1989, Communist People's Republic of Hungary, Communist
      control of the republic.
      5/15/1955, Republic of Austria, Full independence by the Austrian State

      8/21/1968, Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Warsaw Pact forces occupied

      1990 to 1992, Czecho-Slovakia and Czechoslovakia, Slovak spelling with
      hyphen, Czech spelling without hyphen.

      1/1/1993, Czech Republic, Bohemia and Moravia.

      1/1/1993, Slovakia or Slovak Republic, Slovakia.

      Frank R. Plichta

      Galax, Virginia

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